Tools - Glossaries

Glossary of Phytosanitary terms - International Plant Protection Convention

This reference standard presents a list of terms and definitions with specific meaning to plant quarantine personnel worldwide. It has been developed to provide an internationally recognized vocabulary for construction and implementation of phytosanitary measures so as to facilitate communication between trading parties.


AlgaeBase is a database of information on algae that includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater organisms. At present, the data for the marine algae, particularly seaweeds, are the most complete. For convenience, we have included the sea-grasses, even though they are flowering plants.

CABI - Invasive Species Compendium - list of terms

An extensive list of terms.

Codes of practice and manual of procedures for consideration of introductions and transfers of marine and freshwater organisms. Turner, G.E. 1988. EIFAC/CECPI Occasional paper No. 23 44 p.

This report was prepared by the “Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms” of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea and by the “Working Party on Introductions” of the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission.

Denying entry : opportunities to build capacity to prevent the introduction of invasive species and improve biosecurity at US ports

A recognized gap in the US government’s knowledge of the role that trade has played in the introduction of invasive species into the US led to a study undertaken by the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of International Affairs and IUCN. The aim was to identify the resources, strategies, and policies necessary to create, maintain, and make accessible one or more commodity/invasive species databases that EPA and other relevant agencies can apply to trade policy decision-making in a timely and scientifically-based manner.

EPPO - PQR Database

PQR is the EPPO database on quarantine pests. As decided by the EPPO Executive Committee in April 2007, it can be downloaded free of charge from this web page. For each pest, it is possible to obtain lists of host plants, commodities able to act as pathways in international trade, details of geographical distribution with maps, and pictures. Conversely, it is also possible to interrogate the database to obtain specific lists of pests, by stipulating the host species, the commodity, and the countries of interest. PQR contains general nomenclatural and taxonomic details on pests and hosts.

Especies introducidas en Canarias - Listado de Especies

List of introduced species. Spanish language.

Galapagos Invasive Species

The site offers information on invasive species of all taxa in the Galapagos Islands. This includes summaries of general information on alien invasive species, manuals and protocols to identify and manage species, information on regional planning and community involvement in conservation efforts as well as lists of noxious weeds and other invasive species in the Galapagos. Statement of purpose for the Galapagos invasive species web site:
Inform the wider world (local, national and international) of the invasive species problem in Galapagos, the challenges which their management presents, and advances in their eradication and control, in order to:

enable exchange of information and experience between technical people;
identify areas of common interest between experts, projects, organisations and countries:
broadcast the successes and lessons learned from the programmes of eradication and control of invasive species in Galapagos;
broadcast knowledge of the problems caused and impact of invasive species in Galapagos.

GISP Training Course on Strategies and Tools to Prevent the Introduction of Invasive Species (Tanzania) in English.

The purpose of this course is to provide general training for border clearance officials and others on pre-border, border, and post-border strategies and approaches for preventing the introduction and spread of invasive species alien species (IAS).

Global Names Index (GNA)

Lists all taxa, global. Index of scientific names provided by all Name Repositories (17,275,622 name strings total); can help find instances of the use of a name that is otherwise unknown. There is no taxonomic opinion, which means that any name may not be the one currently in use for a species. To find the name in current use employ a different database, such as Catalogue of Life.

Global strategy on invasive alien species

Summarising key findings of the Phase I Synthesis Conference held in September 2000 in Cape Town, Republic of South Africa, this publication presents ten strategic responses that address how to mitigate the threats of IAS. Directed toward the decision-makers whose policies and practices are affecting the movement of species around the world, this strategy strives to provide a resource to increase awareness and provide policy advice.

Glossaries of the OIE Codes (Aquatic)

Both the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code have a list of key terms and expressions, which are used in the OIE standards. These terms and expressions are defined within the context of the OIE standards and should be interpreted as such by veterinary services worldwide. When preparing international veterinary certificates, the veterinary services of the importing country should endeavour to use these terms and expressions as defined in the OIE Codes.

Glossaries of the OIE Codes (Terrestrial)

Both the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code have a list of key terms and expressions, which are used in the OIE standards. These terms and expressions are defined within the context of the OIE standards and should be interpreted as such by veterinary services worldwide. When preparing international veterinary certificates, the veterinary services of the importing country should endeavour to use these terms and expressions as defined in the OIE Codes.

Glossary of terms for Invasive Alien Species (CBD)

This webpage provides definitions for terms related to the issue of invasive alien species under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).  Its focus is mainly on definitions that have been agreed at the international level, and particularly in relation to the CBD, and the list does not include definitions that have been developed and agreed to only by authors of particular reports or academic articles.

Glossary of Terms Related to Invasive Species Ecology (Wikibooks)

A limited list, with citations for each term.

Glossary on Invasive Plants - Victoria Resources Online [Australia]

Focus on weeds of different types, related to legislation in Victoria.

Glossary: Minnesota Department of Agriculture Invasive Species Glossary

A limited list.

Invasive species, climate change and ecosystem-based adaptation : addressing multiple drivers of global change

This report focuses on the primary linkages between climate change and the spread of invasive species as well as the secondary and tertiary interactions of their corresponding impacts. It includes a list of relevant case studies and a set of recommendations to aid policy makers in integrating invasive species prevention and management with climate change adaption and mitigation strategies.

IPPC Glossary of Phytosanitary terms

This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs).
- the supplements are not included or annotated
- the notes in the third column may be self-explanatory, or may refer to more detailed notes 1-18, presented at the end of the table of terms and definitions
- Appendix 1 lists terms which were included in earlier versions of the Glossary but were deleted for various reasons
- Appendix 2 lists terms which have been considered by the Technical panel on the Glossary1, but not accepted for inclusion (this includes some terms currently under consideration)
- Appendix 3 presents the history of the Glossary.

Marine Biofouling: An Assessment of the Risks and Management Initiatives. Compiled by Lynn Jackson on behalf of the Global Invasive Species Programme and the UNEP Regional Seas Programme. Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), 2008. 68pp

The escalating numbers of invasive species in the marine environment, together with an increasing awareness of the implications thereof, have stimulated a substantial amount of research aimed both at gaining a better understanding of marine invasions and at finding ways to prevent and/or manage them. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of those initiatives dealing with biofouling as a pathway for marine invasions.

Parthenium Weed Management

This book describes parthenium weed and provides basic information about its ecology and biology, reproduction and
spread, current distribution, and potential threat. It also provides information on management and control aspects including spread minimisation, pasture management, herbicide use, biological control and health aspects.

PII Resource Kit for Rodent and Cat Eradication

The site provides a resource kit for cat and rodent eradication. The kit includes template documents along with working examples that need to be written for eradication projects, guidelines for eradication, a glossary of terms and other additional information and links to global organisations related to the issue of invasive species management. The kit can be downloaded into a printable form. The PII Resource Kit provides project managers with a systematic approach to planning and implementing rodent and cat eradication projects on islands in the Pacific.

The need for the Resource Kit came from PII's experience working on invasive species projects with Pacific agencies. Because invasive species management is a relatively new tool for island restoration in the Pacific, a common constraint for agencies was access to an authoritative and consistent process and a source of information to effectively address the complexity of invasive species management.

To address this need PII, in collaboration with world leading eradication experts, developed a stepwise process and supporting tools to provide project managers with access to current eradication best practice. Use of the Resource Kit will give Pacific agencies the ability to embark on their invasive species management projects with greater confidence of achieving their desired island restoration goals.



PlantNET is the national online herbarium of New South Wales, Sydney. Users can search for plants considered as weeds on the page. Resources and links to other weed-related sites in Australia are also provided.

Serrated Tussock (Australian national best practice management manual)

The manual has been designed to allow easy access to the information and includes the following features: • an index of keywords for quick and easy access to specific information • a glossary of key terms and abbreviations • chapters are colour coded to help access information quickly • an ‘at a glance’ control table outlining the range of control and management tools applicable for different land-uses • best practice control and management information described in detail for agricultural, conservation and urban land uses.

Weeds Australia

Users can perform keyword searches for weeds and weed management in Australia. Relevant documents in PDF or other formats will be shown. The site also provides links and information to national weed strategies, weed identification, a glossary of acronyms, a list of noxious weeds and other resources. This site has been created by the Australian Weeds Committee to promote access to key weed policies, regulations, current issues, national initiatives, research, extension, training and personnel. It is our hope that anyone involved in weed management will find this site useful and provide feedback and comment, so that it can be continually improved.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith