Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats Specimen Records:527 Specimens with Sequences:474 Specimens with Barcodes:455 Species:27 Species With Barcodes:27 Public Records:394 Public Species:25 Public BINs:2
Salmo is a genus of fish in the salmonfamily (Salmonidae) that includes the familiar species Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). The natural distribution of the genus is chiefly European. Only the range of the Atlantic salmon extends to northern North America. The salmon and trout of the Pacific basin belong to another genus, Oncorhynchus.
The generic name Salmo derives from the Latinsalmō (salmon).
The number of distinct species and subspecies in Salmo is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemic to single watersheds.
^ abcTuran, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2012): The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 219-236.
^ abTuran, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2010): Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 20 (4): 333-364.
^ abTuran, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2014): Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3) : 275-288.
Salmothymus is a genus name of fish in the Salmonidae family, established for the Adriatic trout (Salmothymus obrusirostris). More commonly, however, the species is considered a member of the wider genus Salmo, i.e. Salmo obtusirostris.Salmothymus thus is a junior synonym of Salmo, not in current use.