Fuchsia boliviana is a species of Fuchsia native to southern Peru, Bolivia and northern Argentina. It is a medium evergreen shrub, growing to 2–4 m tall, rarely to 6 m, with a spreading, open habit. It has large, hairy mid-green leaves and red petioles. It has large drooping corymbs up to 20 cm long borne in late summer and autumn of scarlet red flowers with the individual flowers 3–7 cm long. A white-flowering form exists named 'Alba', with a white tube and scarlet petals. After flowering it bears small red-purple, edible fruit 10–26 mm long.
Fuchsia boliviana is widely grown in shade or part-shade in cooler, subtropical climates. Plants require protection from direct sun and temperatures exceeding 40 °C. The plants are hardy to about -4 °C for short periods. Propagation is by seed or cuttings.
Type collection for Fuchsia boliviana Carrière Catalog Number: US 1339999 Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany Preparation: Pressed specimen Collector(s): H. H. Rusby Year Collected: 1885 Locality: Yungas., Bolivia, South America Elevation (m): 1829 to 1829
Isotype for Fuchsia munzii J.F. Macbr. Catalog Number: US 1495438 Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined Preparation: Pressed specimen Collector(s): A. Weberbauer Year Collected: 1909 Locality: Rio Masamerich., Junín, Peru, South America Elevation (m): 2100 to 2300
Isotype: Macbride, J. F. 1941. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13 (4): 559.