Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats Specimen Records:558 Specimens with Sequences:552 Specimens with Barcodes:546 Species:13 Species With Barcodes:13 Public Records:512 Public Species:13 Public BINs:10
The Dreissenidae are a family of small freshwater mussels, aquaticbivalvemollusks. They attach themselves to stones or to any other hard surface using a byssus. The shells of these bivalves are shaped somewhat like those of true mussels, and they also attach themselves to a hard substrate using a byssus, however this group is not at all closely related to true mussels, being more closely related to the venus clams (Veneridae).
The shells of species of mussels in this family range from 20–40 mm in their maximum dimension, and about half as wide across. The shell outline is bent, with one margin usually somewhat incurved, and the other strongly curved outwardly. The shell is opaque and robust; in coloration it is yellowish, brownish or greyish, often with light-and-dark stripes.
These mussels breathe via complex gills. They live in clean, well oxygenated, lowland rivers, canals and reservoirs, attaching to stones and other hard surfaces; they will also tolerate slightly brackish water.