Key Questions: Opportunities and Constraints - Identification tools

AGIS Weeds and Invasive Plants

This website contains a range of resources on invasive alien plants in South Africa, including the SAPIA (South Africa Plant Invader Atlas) database where users can search for alien plants by common name, scientific name, family or growth form. Species fact sheets contain information on invader category according to South African legislation, area of origin, ecology and habitat, threats and impacts, as well as possible control methods. Pictures are also available for idenfification purposes. Apart from the database, the site also contains reports on invasive plants, SAPIA newsletters, a glossary and legislation information, which includes problem plant categories in South Africa. The next most comprehensive catalogue of naturalized alien species is that contained in the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA) database which is accessible at this website. The SAPIA database currently contains 550 species, of which 250 are not listed by Wells et al. Not all of these species have become truly naturalized; some are occasional garden escapes that require considerable disturbance to become established. However they are all regarded as worthy of listing as they could become the invaders of the future. All the species in the SAPIA database have been recorded in natural or disturbed sites, excluding cultivated lands. At least 200 species are regarded as important and potentially important invaders and have been classified as 'Transformers', 'Potential transformers' and 'Special effect weeds'. See glossary for definitions.

The SAPIA database was identified at a workshop organized by the National Department of Agriculture in October 1998, in Pretoria, as the starting point for the development of a national information system for the management of alien invasive plants in South Africa. The Weeds and Invasive Plants website has been designed to fulfill this objective.

Agricultural Pests - Barcode of Life

This site provides summary information on DNA barcode coverage for invertebrate pests of significance to global plant production. It is intended for use by the plant protection community, including regulators, researchers, and growers; allowing users to determine how DNA barcoding can assist their pest identification needs while promoting further development of DNA barcode libraries for plant pests.

AlgaeBase

AlgaeBase is a database of information on algae that includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater organisms. At present, the data for the marine algae, particularly seaweeds, are the most complete. For convenience, we have included the sea-grasses, even though they are flowering plants.

Alien invasive species in Africa's wetlands : some threats and solutions

This booklet introduces alien wetland invaders by describing seven of the worst species already introduced to Africa and mentions several others that are potential threats. It is hoped that this publication will raise the awareness of those concerned and provide them with sources for information and technical assistance.

Alien Species in Swedish Seas (Frammande Arter I Svenska Hav)

The English version of the site contains a list of alien species that have been observed within Swedish seas and coastal areas as well as a second list of alien species observed close to Swedish borders. Brief fact sheets of more than 45 species within these lists are also available. There is also information on the definitions, classifications and characteristics of alien species, as well as methods of their introduction, impacts on native ecosystems, and advice on management, legislation and policy. The site Främmande arter i svenska hav (Alien species in Swedish seas) is an attempt to bring together current knowledge about alien species in Swedish seas and coastal areas, including the Skagerrak/Kattegat and the Baltic Sea. It is aimed at anyone wanting to know more about aquatic invaders in the marine environment. That includes people who deal with alien species on a professional basis, those who encounter aquatic invaders in their private lives, and those who can influence the spread of alien species to sea areas. An alien (non-indigenous, non-native, exotic) species is a plant, animal or microorganism which, with the help of humans, has been transported from and spread outside its natural distribution range. Introduction may be deliberate or accidental." The site Främmande arter i svenska hav (Alien species in Swedish seas) is an attempt to bring together current knowledge about alien species in Swedish seas and coastal areas, including the Skagerrak/Kattegat and the Baltic Sea. It is aimed at anyone wanting to know more about aquatic invaders in the marine environment. That includes people who deal with alien species on a professional basis, those who encounter aquatic invaders in their private lives, and those who can influence the spread of alien species to sea areas. An alien (non-indigenous, non-native, exotic) species is a plant, animal or microorganism which, with the help of humans, has been transported from and spread outside its natural distribution range. Introduction may be deliberate or accidental."

An inventory and assessment of invasive alien plant species of Nepal

This inventory and assessment is based on experts’ consultation, literature and field studies in collaboration with local partners such as high schools, community forest user groups, community-based NGOs, farmers and other stakeholders.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual - Asparagus fern

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on asparagus fern (Asparagus scandens), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: bridal veil

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on bridal veil (Asparagus declinatus), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: Climbing Asparagus

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on climbing asparagus (Asparagus africanus), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: Western cape form of Bridal Creeper

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on the Western Cape form of bridal creeper (Asparagus asparagoides), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds strategic plan 2012 - 2017: post consultation draft

The continued spread of asparagus weeds threatens Australia’s biodiversity, including endangered coastal and forest ecosystems. This draft Strategic Plan provides a framework to prevent the spread and reduce the impacts of these weeds. Nationally coordinated implementation of this Plan, in conjunction with all stakeholders, will allow for etter protection of priority assets by providing tools and information, coordinating programs, identifying management priorities, and fostering partnerships that lead to more strategic, collaborative management.

Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) management manual - Control options and management case studies from across Australia

This manual outlines the ecology and impacts of bellyache bush, discusses a range of control methods and provides planning tools to assist in weed control. The information presented is based on a review of published information and discussions with researchers, technical experts and weed managers.
It also contains a number of case studies that give practical examples of how bellyache bush is being managed in different parts of northern Australia.

Biodiversity ireland - Invasive Species Database

The National Invasive Species Database provides up-to-date centralized information on the distribution of invasive species in Ireland.

Biofuels as Invasive Species. Witt, A., 2011. CABI Expert White Paper Series on Biofuels, September, 2011

This paper discusses the increasing use of biofuel production across the globe, and the invasive risks of biofuel species. The document includes a definition of biofuels and their economic status in the world, impacts of production, recommended policy approaches, and a list of species, categorised by family, which have been suggested as potential biofuel crops, but have also been recognised as invasive / potentially invasive.

BioNET-EAFRINET Invasive Plants keys and fact sheets

An on-line Lucid Key and Fact Sheets to 100 of the most important invasive plants in East Africa.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

The ISC is a constantly developing encyclopaedic resource containing: Datasheets on over 1500 invasive species and animal diseases; Basic datasheets on further species, countries, habitats and pathways; Bibliographic database of over 75,000 records; Full text documents. The datasheets comprise fully referenced sections on taxonomy and nomenclature, distribution, habitat, identification, biology and ecology, species associations, pathways for introduction, impacts and management, complemented by images and maps, and supported by abstracts and full text articles.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium Bibliographic Database

The ISC is a constantly developing encyclopaedic resource containing: Datasheets on over 1500 invasive species and animal diseases; Basic datasheets on further species, countries, habitats and pathways; Bibliographic database of over 75,000 records; Full text documents. The datasheets comprise fully referenced sections on taxonomy and nomenclature, distribution, habitat, identification, biology and ecology, species associations, pathways for introduction, impacts and management, complemented by images and maps, and supported by abstracts and full text articles.

Caribbean Invasive Alien Species Network

This site which is the culmination of the efforts of many scientists; national; regional and international organisations is a collaborative effort to address the issue IAS in the Caribbean. Entities such as the Caribbean Plant Health Directors Forum (CPHDF) organised mainly by the USDA/APHIS and CARICOM; the project: Mitigating the Threats of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean (MTIASIC) funded by the Global Fund for the Environment (GEF) with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as the lead implementing agency and the Centre for Agriculture and Bio-Sciences International (CABI) as the lead executing agency; and Caribbean Invasive Species Working Group (CISWIG) are some of the main groups actively tackling the issue of IAS in the Caribbean. This site documents some of the key actions to addressing this issue in a way that promotes the actions; the results achieved. It will also give details on a range of IAS of importance to the Caribbean while highlighting the people and organisations that are pioneering the work with these species that can potentially threaten our health and livelihoods; disrupt both intra-regional and international trade and impact our environment by threatening native and endemic Caribbean biodiversity.

Catalog of Fishes

Taxonomic resource, fish, global, Includes species that are not Invasive Species

CDFA ‘Report a pest’ App

CDFA is making a new mobile app available for Californians interested in helping to keep an eye out for invasive species. The app is called “Report a Pest,” and it enables people to take photos of a suspected invasive insect or plant and send them to CDFA for evaluation. The app includes an option for GPS coordinates of the find, just in case a rapid response is necessary.

Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health

The mission of the Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health is to serve a lead role in development, consolidation and dissemination of information and programs focused on invasive species, forest health, natural resource and agricultural management through technology development, program implementation, training, applied research and public awareness at the (USA) state, regional, national and international levels. It includes a list of websites, publications, images and information.

Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health - Image Archive

Although primarily North American, the site includes organisms that are a problem in many other areas. The site contains links to publications including field guides (see href="http://www.bugwood.org/publications.htm">publications; publications) and links to many images, many of which are of forest pests.

Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health publications

A large number of publications, dealing primarily with North America, and including identification guides, are listed and linked to.

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

This standard provides guidance on the structure and content of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) diagnostic protocols for regulated pests. The protocols describe procedures and methods for the official diagnosis of regulated pests that are relevant for international trade. They provide at least the minimum requirements for reliable diagnosis of regulated pests.

EDDMapS - Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System

EDDMapS is a web-based mapping system for documenting invasive species distribution. Requiring no Geographic Information Systems experience to use. Mobile apps are provided along with resources on training, reporting of invasives and use of the data.

Encyclopedia of Life (EoL)

EoL contains pages on a very large number of species (similar to the Catalogue of Life content, on which it draws). These pages may have images, descriptions and links to other resources.

Environmental Weeds of Australia ID App

the App is based on an updated edition of the popular CD version and includes the full identification key, weed fact sheets, and over 10,000 images right on your smart device. No Internet connection is required once installed.

Environmental Weeds of Australia has been developed to assist with the identification of weed species that invade natural habitats. It is a valuable resource for all those concerned about environmental weeds: weed and biodiversity researchers, trainers, advisors, weed control officers, environmental community groups, weed management practitioners, and anyone with an interest in environmental weeds.

While Australian focused, this key provides an excellent resource to users in other countries. Both plain English and botanical terms (usually in brackets) are used throughout the App to make it applicable to as wide an audience as possible.

At the core of this App is an interactive Lucid identification key to 1020 plant species that are either significant or emerging environmental weeds in Australia. To help confirm the identification of weed species the app provides over 10,000 photos and a wealth of information on each weed species and how to distinguish between very similar species. In many cases, links are provided to websites that have relevant information about the management of specific weed species.

EPPO - PQR Database

PQR is the EPPO database on quarantine pests. As decided by the EPPO Executive Committee in April 2007, it can be downloaded free of charge from this web page. For each pest, it is possible to obtain lists of host plants, commodities able to act as pathways in international trade, details of geographical distribution with maps, and pictures. Conversely, it is also possible to interrogate the database to obtain specific lists of pests, by stipulating the host species, the commodity, and the countries of interest. PQR contains general nomenclatural and taxonomic details on pests and hosts.

European Environment Agency -NatureWatch Mobile App

The NatureWatch App allows citizen scientists to identify and report invasive alien species using an iPhone application, Submit your reports via photos and videos of species, droppings or footprints as well as through sound bites and written.

European network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS)

NOBANIS is a gateway to information on alien and invasive species in North and Central Europe. It covers marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments and provides: a distributed but integrated database on introduced species in the region; fact sheets on many of the most invasive aliens; a catalogue of the regulation relevant to invasive species in participating countries; a literature database; a photo bank; connects to regional and global networks and projects of invasive aliens species.

European Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS) - Factsheets

NOBANIS provides fact sheets on some of the invasive alien species of the northern European region, covering both animals and plant as well as microorganisms.

European network on Invasive alien Species (NOBANIS) - Database

Alien species database, searchable by species, taxonomic group, habitat and country. Covers all groups for Europe.

Feral.org.au

The website contains a searchable database of information for invasive vertebrate species in Australia and New Zealand. Information includes published and unpublished research, technical reports, legislation and management practices and threat mitigation plans. The website also has information on social issues and animal welfare, as well as an image gallery and PestMaps, which are maps of the distributions and abundances of invasive species. The Bureau of Rural Sciences’ Australian Pest Animal Management Program supported the predecessor of the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (the Pest Animal Control CRC) in cooperation with the University of Canberra to develop a comprehensive, interactive and freely-available website on pest animals. The site aims to make information on past and current research related to invasive animal control readily accessible and to interpret and pull together relevant data to assist users of the site in making management decisions.

The site is structured around a searchable database of information on vertebrate invasive animals in Australia and New Zealand.
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Feralscan

A community website that allows you to record and map sightings of feral animals, birds,fish and control activities in your local area. includes mobile mapping tools, Distribution data, and resources on control In all AUS states.

FishBase

Use the search form on the page linked to. Fish, freshwater and marine, global.  Use search system for scientific or common names.

To identify species either enter the Family name of the fish and use the ‘Identification by pictures’, ‘list of pictures’ or ‘Identification keys’ buttons, or, at the bottom of the page there is a set of tools, including Quick Identification, Identification Keys, Identification by Morphometrics, Species by Ecosystem.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2013. Forest pest species profiles home

This site provides a list of species profiles for significant pest species impacting forests and the forest sector. Each factsheet contains information on the species' identification, distribution, ecology, pathways, symptoms and damage, and possible control measures.

Forestry Images

The site provides images of pests, taxonomic information, and images of the damage caused by pests on forest trees.

GB Non-native Species Secretariat - Identification

Identification Sheets for UK non-native species.

Global Compendium of Weeds

The GCW is part of the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project, and provides links and summaries of over 28,000 plant species which have been assessed by experts and cited as weeds. Their statuses as weeds have been evaluated based on their contexts. Additional information (native range, medicinal uses etc.) on some of the plant species included may be available on their respective assessments..

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)

The GISD focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world. It is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN-World Conservation Union.

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)

The GISD focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world. It is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN-World Conservation Union.
Many of the species profiles feature images, include a description section and, where available, links to Diagnostic information sources such as for the ant profiles and others. They features distribution information at country level and also at site level including protected areas and ecosystem, admin unit level, island etc. The database entries are rich in management information.

Global review of forest pests and diseases- A thematic study prepared in the framework of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2005. FAO Forestry Paper 156

This document is a review of forest pests and diseases on a global scale. It provides regional and global analyses based on country reports, of the distributions of forest pests. There is also a list of detailed profiles of selected insect pests, diseases and other pests. Pest species distribution in selected countries by region are also available.

Guidelines for Inspection

This standard describes procedures for the inspection of consignments of plants, plant products and other regulated articles at import and export. It is focused on the determination of compliance with phytosanitary requirements, based on visual examination, documentary checks, and identity and integrity checks.

I3N - El Salvador

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa. The site provides a list of PDF fact sheets / species profiles of IAS, complete with pictures. Other datasets are available in Excel format.

ID Source

ID Source is a special collection of over 1,500 identification-themed websites that cover plant pests, diseases, and weeds, a set of links to these 'ID Aids' and a powerful search tool. These web-based ID Aids are selected, thoroughly reviewed and categorized so that users can search for them by pest name, commodity focus, geographic region, and more.

Identification App for the shore-fish fauna of the Caribbean.

This App is the second of a set of 3 portable identification guides for Apple touch-screen devices made by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute that cover the regional shore-fish faunas of the three tropical American marine regions: the Tropical Eastern Pacific, the Greater Caribbean (Caribbean and adjacent areas), and Brazil. This stand-alone app works independently of the internet and has Complete English and Spanish interfaces

Introduced Animals - Biodat

This website contains a database of introduced animal species in Russia. Users can search for animals by common name (Russia), scientific name, order, family, country of origin, or region of occurrence in Russia. Species records include information on taxonomy, year of introduction, biotope of introduction, dispersal dynamics, enemies and competitors, economic importance and effects of introduction. Under the GEF Project for Conservation of Biodiversity the experts V.Yu.Maslyakov (Quarantine Institute of the Russian Ministry of Agriculture) and O.V.Morozova (Institute of geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences) developed the database of introduced species - for plants (1119 entries) and for animals (3250 entries).

Introduced Plants - Biodat

This website contains a database of introduced plant species in Russia. Users can search for plants by common name (Russia), scientific name, order, family, country of origin, or region of occurrence in Russia. Species records include information on taxonomy, year of introduction, biotope of introduction, dispersal dynamics, enemies and competitors, economic importance and effects of introduction.

InvasIBER Invasive Exotic Species in the Iberian Peninsula

InvasIBER contains a database of invasive and established exotic species on the Iberian Peninsula, open to interested specialists in the field. Species profiles contain taxonomic information, photos, ecological information and impacts of establishment on native systems. InvasIBER aims to offer an internet platform, open to any interested specialists, disclosure of this problem in the Iberian peninsula. The main objective of InvasIBER is to establish a database of invasive species. InvasIBER aims to bring together information on Spanish for the introduced and established and naturalized species in the Iberian peninsula, including all taxa of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Not established species are excluded in principle (imported not introduced, in captivity or casual) and are not considered Islands (Balearics, Canaries,...) because they often have many native and exotic species different from the peninsula and in addition there are excellent initiatives similar to similar to InvasIBER: href="http://herbarivirtual.uib.es/Llistat%20ex%F2tiques/index.htm"> And

Invasive Plants Atlas of the United States (IPA-US)

The Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States is a collaborative project between the National Park Service, the University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. The purpose of the Atlas is to assist users with identification, early detection, prevention, and management of invasive plants. The focus is on non-native invasive plant species impacting natural areas, excluding agricultural and other heavily developed and managed lands. Four main components are species information, images, distribution maps, and early detection reporting procedures. The Invasive Plant Atlas is one step in the effort to combat invasive species, preserve our natural landscapes and the native plants, animals, and other creatures that inhabit them.

Invasive Species Management - what taxonomic support is needed?

This document examines the significance of taxonomy as a useful measure in preventing and managing the spread of invasive species, and reports on a needs assessment for taxonomy to deliver against IAS management needs.

Invasive Species Scotland

The website provides a list of invasive species in Scotland. Each factsheet has information on ecological impacts, distribution, pathways of introduction along with possible control methods (biological, physical, chemical etc.). Photos as well as a list of links to relevant resources are also available. This is part of Rivers and Fisheries Trusts of Scotland (RAFTS) which works on prevention, control or eradication of invasive species and diseases in river catchments and with support from the Scottish Government, Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and the Esmeé Fairbairn Foundation has initiated the RAFTS Biosecurity and Invasive Species Programme.

iRecord Ladybirds (App)

‘iRecord Ladybirds’ is a free mobile phone app to help monitor the impact of the invasive Harlequin ladybird on the UK’s native ladybird species.

The app will enable people to contribute more easily to the UK Ladybird Survey whose results have already shown declines in native species such as the 2-spot ladybird in response to the arrival of the harlequin ladybird, first recorded in England in 2003.

Island Biodiversity and Invasive Species Database (IBIS)

Focused on the threat of invasive species on native species and ecosystems on islands. The site enables users to search the database directly by species, or by location, or by impacts of invasive species and their outcomes on native populations. With each species entry, there is an invasive threat summary, and a threat management summary detailing possible conservation strategies and past case studies. IBIS was developed by the IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group in response to feedback from island conservation managers that there was a need for better access to data and information on invasive alien species on islands and how to manage this insidious threat. IBIS aims to record and provide information on the impacts of invasive alien species on native species on islands (with a focus on those that are classified as ‘threatened’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species- Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) and Vulnerable (VU)), and the management of this threat.

iSpot

ispot is a public site for sharing information and developing identifications. It includes many images, and also interactive keys, some of which can be downloaded for use on a mobile phone. It is developed for use primarily in the UK, but might be a model for wider use.

iSpot southern Africa

ispot is a public site for sharing information and developing identifications. It includes many images, and also interactive keys.

Lantana Best Practice Manual and Decision Support Tool

The Lantana Best Practice Manual provides a comprehensive guide to the biology and ecology of the weed, the range of management options and how to integrate them, as well as information on how to plan
and monitor your control activities.

Along with the Decision Support Tool, a computerbased tool to help determine the most appropriate sequence of initial and follow-up control for your particular management situation, this resource should enable the implementation of an efficient and costeffective management program on your property.

Mimosa pigra: National Best Practice Management Manual

This manual is designed to help you make informed decisions about how to plan and carry out your mimosa control program. It is also designed so that landholders without significant mimosa infestations know how to recognise, monitor and prevent the establishment of mimosa on their land.

Minnesota Weed Seedling Photo Collection

The site has a collection of close-up images of seedlings of weeds (in the 3 to 5 leaf stage) common in the Minnesota region. The following images are close-up photographs of common Minnesota weed seedlings taken at the seedling and 3 - 5 leaf stages.

National African Boxthorn Strategic Plan

Weeds of National Significance are declared based on their invasiveness, impacts, potential for spread and significant environmental and socioeconomic impacts. African boxthorn ticks all these boxes, and in 2012 was declared a Weed of National Significance. This Strategic Plan provides guidance for the first five years of implementing a nationally coordinated approached to managing African boxthorn.

NatureServe

This site offers a database of rare and endagered plants, animals and ecosystems in the United States and Canada. Species factsheets include distribution maps, conservation status, life histories and population information. Welcome to NatureServe Explorer, an authoritative source for information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada. Explorer includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.

NatureWatch invasive alien species App

NatureWatch allows citizen scientists to identify and report invasive alien species by (1) using the iPhone application to submit reports via photos and videos of species, droppings or footprints as well as through sound bites and text; (2) Sign up to existing communities or create their own; (3) Getting more information about invasive alien species and learning more by playing a recognition game.

Neoflora

The site provides information on alien plant species in Germany, including a manual of about 40 documented invasive plants along with pictures and measures of control. Other information include the ecological impacts on native systems, legal and political frameworks, possible methods of mitigation of invasive plants and review of neophytes in conservation. There is also a forum for interaction between parties interested in these plants. NeoFlora contains general information such as:

What are neophytes or invasive species ?
Political and legal framework
environmental foundations
Effects and dangers of invasive plants for conservation, economic and health
Review of neophytes in conservation
possible measures

PaDIL

The website provides galleries of high-resolution images of invasive alien species of all taxa. Biological information and other tools are also provided. The site also offers a plant biosecurity toolkit, a seed library, and biosecurity information tools. PaDIL – High quality images and Information tools designed for Biosecurity and Biodiversity. Biosecurity and Biodiversity : protecting against invasive pests and diseases and discovery of native species
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Parkinsonia: Documents and Resources

Links to awareness products on Parkinsonia such as identifying cards and brochures for the public.

Parthenium Weed Management

This book describes parthenium weed and provides basic information about its ecology and biology, reproduction and
spread, current distribution, and potential threat. It also provides information on management and control aspects including spread minimisation, pasture management, herbicide use, biological control and health aspects.

PestNet

PestNet is an information sharing email network which assists interested parties with means of identifying and managing plant pests as a measure of crop protection. Growers and other plant health professionals in the region are provided with access to expert scientific and technical information to managing these pests. Topics in the site include pest identifications via digital images, pest outbreak alerts, pest management methods, whether biological, physical, chemical or cultural, and quarantine interceptions in different regions of the world. PestNet is an email network that helps people worldwide obtain rapid advice and information on crop protection, including the identification and management of plant pests. It started as a service for the Pacific, rapidly expanded to South East Asia, set up a separate service for the Caribbean, and now welcomes anyone interested in crop protection anywhere in the world….Plant pests – insects, pathogens and weeds – are always present, damaging crops grown for home consumption, domestic markets or for export. New pests can spread from country to country and threaten agricultural production and biodiversity

PlantNET

PlantNET is the national online herbarium of New South Wales, Sydney. Users can search for plants considered as weeds on the page. Resources and links to other weed-related sites in Australia are also provided.

Plants of Hawaii - Image Database

Large database of Images covering plants found in Hawaii including invasives

PlantTracker

PlantTracker is a MOBILE PHONE APP designed for invasive plants in the UK. It is available free from the iTunes App Store and Android Market, and shows you how to identify each species and enables you to easily submit geo-located photos whenever you find one. The app now features 14 invasive plant species and also includes a "Confusion Species" gallery for each one, to help you separate some of the similar looking plants you might encounter.

Pond apple Management

This manual outlines the ecology and threat of pond apple and a range of control methods and planning tools.

Prickly acacia: Documents and resources

Links to resources on the management of prickly acacia e.g. identifying cards, brochures etc.

Purple Loosestrife Project Manitoba

The website offers a information on the ecology, impacts, method of introduction, method of identification, biological control, measures of prevention and control and alternative garden substitutes for the invasive weed, purple loosestrife. Brochures are also available for download. The website also has a function which enables users to report observed infestations at their locations. The wetlands of western Canada are facing a serious threat – damage caused by the spread of an invasive plant, purple loosestrife.

Salvinia Control Manual

The information presented here provides a basis for the development of site-specific management strategies. It is based on a review of published information, a survey of field practices carried out by technical experts and weed managers, and a workshop on integrating control methods for salvinia.

Sealifebase

References can be located using the search tool at the bottom of the web page. Includes species that are not Invasive Species.

Search can be made by common name or scientific name, as well as information arranged by habitat, distribution etc. Coverage is global and across many marine taxa. Many of the pages reached include photographs and descriptions.

South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) - Invasive Aliens Early Detection and Rapid Response Programme

The programme focuses on plant invasion control as part of SANBI's legal mandate to monitor and report on invasive alien species within Southen Africa

Swaziland's Alien Plants Database

The database provides information on invasive alien plants in Swaziland, including taxonomical and botanical information, original range, a measure of invasiveness, invasive plant maps and photos. A project was carried out in 2003/2004 by Kate Braun, Sikhumbuzo Dlamini and Titus Dlamini, under the auspices of the Swaziland Environmental Authority, to compile existing data on alien invasive plants of Swaziland. One product of this project was the creation of an online database of Swaziland's alien/non-indigenous plants, with distribution maps and photographs or illustrations.

The National Introduced Marine Pests Information System - NIMPIS

The database provides detailed information on non-native marine pest plant and animal species in Australian waters. Species datasheets contain comprehensive information on taxonomic classification, morphology, ecology and physiology,vectors, pathways of introduction and impacts on natural systems, as well as a list of references and articles with additional information pertaining to that particular species. NIMPIS is a central repository of information on the biology, ecology and distribution (international and national) of invasive marine pest species. It includes known species that have been introduced to Australian waters and species that are considered to pose a potential of future introduction.

United States Department of Agriculture - Pest Tracker map

The Pest Tracker interactive map allows users to see where invasive species have been identified and what areas in the United States are at greatest risk, covering all 50 states. This can be used to find state-specific contact information and to report pests.

USDA PLANTS database

The USDA PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. It includes native and non-native species, many images, and a variety of search tools.

Weed Herbarium

The site provides an online herbarium featuring a list of weed species. Each species entry consists of several images showing botanical characteristics of the plant in order to assist with identification. Taxonomical information is also included. Welcome to the UMass Extension Weed Herbarium! Weeds in the herbarium can be viewed by common name, scientific name, or plant family by using the menu tabs below. Images and notes to aid in identification are revealed by clicking on the weed name.

Weed Management Guide - African Boxthorn

This is a guide to managing the invasive weed, African Boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum). It includes important information such as the weed's identification, ecology, dispersal method, and suitable control techniques. Additionally, there is a distribution map and a case study.

Weed Management Guide - Bellyache Bush

This guide contains information on the plant's ecology, identification, distribution and method of dispersal, management and legislation. Included are a list of weed control contacts and a case study.

Weed Management Guide: Madeira Vine (Anredera cordifolia)

This is a guide to managing Madeira Vine. It contains information on the species' ecology, history and methods of spread, distribution, management strategies and control methods (including biocontrol), and legislation.

Weed Management Guiude: Opuntioid Cacti including Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species.

This is a guide to managing opuntioid cacti in Australia. It contains information on the species' ecology, history and methods of spread, distribution (with maps), control methods including biocontrol, legislation, identification, and case studies.

Weed Photo Gallery (University of California Integrated Pest Management Program)

The site provides a plant identification key in the form of an image gallery featuring the botanical characteristics of different groups of pest plants (broadleaf, sedges, aquatic plants etc.) in California, in order to assist with their identification and possible management. There is also a list of weeds, species profiles, and links to a weed identification tool. This key includes the most common weeds found in California lawns. Other species may occur but are not of major importance in turf. Because flowering parts are often mowed and not seen in turf, this key was developed using vegetative characteristics. Identifying weed species is essential for choosing appropriate management practices.

Weeds Australia

Users can perform keyword searches for weeds and weed management in Australia. Relevant documents in PDF or other formats will be shown. The site also provides links and information to national weed strategies, weed identification, a glossary of acronyms, a list of noxious weeds and other resources. This site has been created by the Australian Weeds Committee to promote access to key weed policies, regulations, current issues, national initiatives, research, extension, training and personnel. It is our hope that anyone involved in weed management will find this site useful and provide feedback and comment, so that it can be continually improved.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - African Boxthorn

This page provides a guide to identifying the African Boxthorn weed, declared as a weed of national significance in Australia. Photographs along with a distribution map of the plant are available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Asparagus Fern

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on asparagus fern (Asparagus scandens), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Bellyache Bush

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Bridal Veil

This page provides information on the identification of Bridal Veil (Asparagus declinatus). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Climbing Asparagus

This page provides information on the identification of climbing asparagus (Asparagus plumosus). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Ground Asparagus

This page provides information on identifying ground asparagus (Asparagus aethiopicus). A distribution map along with photographs are included.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Madeira Vine

This page provides identification information for Madeira vine (Anredera cordifolia). Also available are photographs, a current and potential distribution map as well as information on spread.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Ornamental Asparagus

This page provides information on the identification of ornamental asparagus (Asparagus africanus). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Western Cape form of Bridal Creeper

This page provides information on the identification of the Western Cape form of bridal creeper (Asparagus asparagoides). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - African Boxthorn

This page contains information and useful links to the identification, ecology, legislation, management and strategic plan of the African Boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum).

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Alligator Weed

This page provides information and useful links to the policy information, strategic plans, distribution map and management of alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) in Australia.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Asparagus weeds

This site provides information and usefull links to the identification, management and other information on asparagus weeds in Australia. This includes the species: Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus africanus, Asparagus asparagoides, Asparagus declinatus, Asparagus plumosus, and Asparagus scandens. Included in this site are links to identifying the different Asparagus species, a best practice manual, priority framework and a national strategic plan.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Athel Pine

This site provides extensive information on the spread, distribution and management of Athel Pine (Tamarix aphylla) in Australia. Included on this site are links to resources such as the national priority framework, a potential distribution map, a management map, a best practice management manual, a review of progress strategic plan, and links to other relevant documents and resources.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Bellyache Bush

This site provides extensive information and links to relevant resources for the management of bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) in Australia. It contains identification help, current and potential distribution maps, a management guide, a best practice management manual and a management map.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Cat's Claw Creeper

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of cat's claw creeper (Dolichandra unguis-cati)) in Australia. This includes a plant identification resource and the national strategy (2012 - 2017).

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Madeira Vine

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Madeira vine (Anredera cordifolia) in Australia. This includes a plant identification resource, a weed management guide and a national strategy for the species.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Mesquite

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of mesquite (Prosopis spp.) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework for the species, national strategies, management and potential distribution maps, and a best practice management manual.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Opuntioid Cacti

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Opuntioid cacti (Opuntia spp., Cylindropuntia spp., Austrocylindroppuntia spp.) in Australia. This includes a national strategic plan, a weed management guide, and management and distribution maps as well as links to identification resources.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Sagittaria

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Sagittaria (Sagittaria platyphylla) in Australia. This includes a plant identification resource and a link to download the national strategy.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Silverleaf Nightshade

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of silverleaf nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium) in Australia. This includes an identification resource and a management guide.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Water Hyacinth

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) in Australia. This includes an identification resource and a management guide as well as a national strategy.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance: Gamba Grass

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of gamba grass (Andropogon gayanus) in Australia. This includes a strategic plan, a weed management guide, and management and potential distribution maps.

Weeds of Mexico

The site provides fact sheets and photos for up to 700 weed species in Mexico, as well as comparative and illustrated tables to assist with plant identification. The site aims to help both botanists and non-botanists identify Mexican plants of disturbed places (i.e. weeds) and to find information about them.

What is This Bug

This site covers the USA but focuses on the state of California, it links to the USDA Pest Tracker Map to see where invasive species have been identified and what areas in the United States are at greatest risk and allows addition of data via the "Report a Pest" Online system and the "Report a Pest" Mobile App.

Willows National Management Guide

Guide to managing the spread and impacts of invasive willows.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith