Tools - All

Glossary of Phytosanitary terms - International Plant Protection Convention

This reference standard presents a list of terms and definitions with specific meaning to plant quarantine personnel worldwide. It has been developed to provide an internationally recognized vocabulary for construction and implementation of phytosanitary measures so as to facilitate communication between trading parties.

100 de las especies exóticas invasoras más dañinas del mundo : una selección del Global Invasive Species Database

100 of the world's worst invasive alien species : a selection from the Global Invasive Species Database - Spanish language version

100 of the world's worst invasive alien species : a selection from the Global Invasive Species Database

100 of the world's worst invasive alien species : a selection from the Global Invasive Species Database.  French language version.

A Guide to Designing Legal and Institutional Frameworks on Alien Invasive Species. Environmental Policy and Law Paper No. 40 IUCN - Environmental Law Centre A Contribution to the Global Invasive Species Programme IUCN - The World Conservation Union.

This Guide aims to provide national policy and lawmakers with practical information and indicators for developing or strengthening legal and institutional frameworks on alien invasive species, consistently with Article 8(h) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and other international and regional instruments.

A rapid assessment of the effects of invasive species on Human livelihoods, especially of the rural poor. McGarry D., Shackelton C.M, Gambiza J., Shackelton S.E. & Fabricius C.F. 2005. Deaprtment of Environmental Science, Rhodes University, Grahamstown.

The study included two components. The first was a series (10) of desktop studies commissioned from around the world. The second was two rapid case studies conducted in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Both components aimed to gather qualitative and limited quantitative data on the effects that IAS have on rural livelihoods, quality of life and peoples’ ability to fulfil their basic needs from the environment.

A strategy for addressing issues of aquatic invasive alien species in the Lower Mekong Basin

This report recommends strategic responses to address issues related to aquatic IAS in the LMB. It also recommends maximum participation at national, regional and international levels is essential and suggests possible participants at the three levels. It also identifies the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (http://www.issg. org/database/) as the single most important resource for use with respect to IAS.

A Toolkit for Developing Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Invasive Alien Species. Shine C. 2008

The toolkit provides a practical resource tailored to the specific issues and legal challenges associated with invasive alien species prevention and control. It contains examples and background information to support and inform real-world policy, planning and management. The primary aim of the toolkit is to provide a user-friendly guide to strengthening national policy, legal and institutional frameworks in this field. It provides detailed guidance on how to mainstream invasive alien species into planning and policy-making and draft new or amended legislation for all aspects of prevention and management.

A Toolkit for the Economic Analysis of Invasive Species. Emerton L. & Howard G. 2008 Publisher GISP.

The aim of this toolkit is to provide a clear, user-friendly guide to the application of economic approaches and tools to invasive species. It addresses the issues associated with identifying the factors which cause the spread of invasives, incorporating consideration of invasive species into economic planning and policy-making, and identifying economic tools and measures to support on-the-ground management actions designed to address biological invasions.

Advancing risk assessment models for invasive alien species in the food chain: contending with climate change, economics and uncertainty

OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research (2012) Advancing risk assessment models for invasive alien species in the food chain: contending with climate change, economics and uncertainty 6th International Pest Risk Mapping Workgroup Meeting 23-26 July 2012, Bioforsk, Tromsø, Norway. Editors: Richard Baker, Frank Koch, Darren Kriticos, Trond Rafoss, Rob Venette & Wopke van der Werf

Africa invaded: the growing danger of invasive alien species.

This booklet is intended to raise awareness of the severe threat posed by Invasive Alien Species, and to promote the implementation of the relevant provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

It includes pages on some of the major invasive species in Africa

AGIS Weeds and Invasive Plants

This website contains a range of resources on invasive alien plants in South Africa, including the SAPIA (South Africa Plant Invader Atlas) database where users can search for alien plants by common name, scientific name, family or growth form. Species fact sheets contain information on invader category according to South African legislation, area of origin, ecology and habitat, threats and impacts, as well as possible control methods. Pictures are also available for idenfification purposes. Apart from the database, the site also contains reports on invasive plants, SAPIA newsletters, a glossary and legislation information, which includes problem plant categories in South Africa. The next most comprehensive catalogue of naturalized alien species is that contained in the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA) database which is accessible at this website. The SAPIA database currently contains 550 species, of which 250 are not listed by Wells et al. Not all of these species have become truly naturalized; some are occasional garden escapes that require considerable disturbance to become established. However they are all regarded as worthy of listing as they could become the invaders of the future. All the species in the SAPIA database have been recorded in natural or disturbed sites, excluding cultivated lands. At least 200 species are regarded as important and potentially important invaders and have been classified as 'Transformers', 'Potential transformers' and 'Special effect weeds'. See glossary for definitions.

The SAPIA database was identified at a workshop organized by the National Department of Agriculture in October 1998, in Pretoria, as the starting point for the development of a national information system for the management of alien invasive plants in South Africa. The Weeds and Invasive Plants website has been designed to fulfill this objective.

Agricultural Pests - Barcode of Life

This site provides summary information on DNA barcode coverage for invertebrate pests of significance to global plant production. It is intended for use by the plant protection community, including regulators, researchers, and growers; allowing users to determine how DNA barcoding can assist their pest identification needs while promoting further development of DNA barcode libraries for plant pests.

ALARM – Assessing Large Scale Risks for Biodiversity with Tested methods

EU Framework programme with the aims: To develop an integrated large scale risk assessment for biodiversity as well as terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems as a part of environmental risk assessment. To focus on risks consequent on climate change, environmental chemicals, rates and extent of loss of pollinators and biological invasions. To establish socio-economic risk indicators related to the drivers of biodiversity pressures as a tool to support long-term oriented mitigating policies and to monitor their implementation. To develop, for the first time, a research network that is consistently thinking, interacting, and investigating on a continental scale across different environmental problems (impacts) and across different spatial and temporal scales of ecosystem diversity changes. To provide a contribution to objective based politics, to policy integration and to derive outcome-oriented policy measures in the field of biodiversity preservation by contributing to the integrated assessment of socio-economic drivers affecting biodiversity and integrated, long-term oriented means to mitigate them.

AlgaeBase

AlgaeBase is a database of information on algae that includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater organisms. At present, the data for the marine algae, particularly seaweeds, are the most complete. For convenience, we have included the sea-grasses, even though they are flowering plants.

Alien invasive species in Africa's wetlands : some threats and solutions

This booklet introduces alien wetland invaders by describing seven of the worst species already introduced to Africa and mentions several others that are potential threats. It is hoped that this publication will raise the awareness of those concerned and provide them with sources for information and technical assistance.

Alien species in aquaculture : considerations for responsible use

This publication provides some simple sets of guidelines with consideration of the special needs of developing countries. It aims to provide decision makers and managers with information on existing international and regional regulations that address the use of alien species in aquaculture, directly or indirectly; and three examples of national responses to this issue. The last section of the document provides some considerations and suggestions to be taken into account by decision makers and managers when using, or deciding on the use of, alien species for aquaculture purposes.

Alien Species in Aquaculture. Considerations for responsible use. Hewitt, C.L., Campbell, M.L. and Gollasch, S. 2006. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Viii + 32 pp.

This publication aims to first provide decision makers and managers with information on the existing international and regional regulations that address the use of alien species in aquaculture, either directly or indirectly; and three examples of national responses to this issue.

Alien species in aquiculture. considerations for responsible use. Hewitt C.L., Campbell M.L. & Gollasch S. 2006 IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK 32pp.

This publication aims to first provide decision makers and managers with information on the existing international and regional regulations that address the use of alien species in aquaculture, either directly or indirectly; and three examples of national responses to this issue. The last section of this document provides some considerations and suggestions to be taken into account by decision makers and managers when using -or deciding on the use of- alien species for aquaculture purposes. The considerations put forward here bear in mind the challenges faced by decision makers when reconciling conservation and development needs, and aim to help them find pragmatic solutions to ensure a responsible use of alien species for aquaculture purposes, should they decide to go down that path.

Alien Species in Poland

The database lists 1236 alien species of plants, animals and fungi in Poland. Information on these species include the pathway, place and time of introduction to Poland, present distribution, population trends and impacts on native species, habitats and ecosystems. Possible methods of control and management are also assessed. Terminology on biological invasions is very complex and often inconsistent. Apart from alien, the species in question are referred to as introduced, acclimatized, invasive, non-indigenous, allochtonous, or exotic. Alien Species in Poland follows definitions agreed by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and then implemented in the "European Strategy on Invasive Alien Species" adopted by the Standing Committee of the Bern Convention. Alien species: a species, subspecies or lower taxon, introduced outside its natural past or present distribution; includes any part, gametes, seeds, eggs, or propagules of such species that might survive and subsequently reproduce. Invasive alien species (IAS): an alien species whose introduction and/or spread threaten biological diversity. (For pragmatic reasons, in the database this group also includes alien species whose introduction and/or spread threaten economy and/or human health ). Introduction: the movement by human agency, indirect or direct, of an alien species outside of its natural range (past or present). This movement can be either within a country or between countries or areas beyond national jurisdiction."

Alien Species in Swedish Seas (Frammande Arter I Svenska Hav)

The English version of the site contains a list of alien species that have been observed within Swedish seas and coastal areas as well as a second list of alien species observed close to Swedish borders. Brief fact sheets of more than 45 species within these lists are also available. There is also information on the definitions, classifications and characteristics of alien species, as well as methods of their introduction, impacts on native ecosystems, and advice on management, legislation and policy. The site Främmande arter i svenska hav (Alien species in Swedish seas) is an attempt to bring together current knowledge about alien species in Swedish seas and coastal areas, including the Skagerrak/Kattegat and the Baltic Sea. It is aimed at anyone wanting to know more about aquatic invaders in the marine environment. That includes people who deal with alien species on a professional basis, those who encounter aquatic invaders in their private lives, and those who can influence the spread of alien species to sea areas. An alien (non-indigenous, non-native, exotic) species is a plant, animal or microorganism which, with the help of humans, has been transported from and spread outside its natural distribution range. Introduction may be deliberate or accidental." The site Främmande arter i svenska hav (Alien species in Swedish seas) is an attempt to bring together current knowledge about alien species in Swedish seas and coastal areas, including the Skagerrak/Kattegat and the Baltic Sea. It is aimed at anyone wanting to know more about aquatic invaders in the marine environment. That includes people who deal with alien species on a professional basis, those who encounter aquatic invaders in their private lives, and those who can influence the spread of alien species to sea areas. An alien (non-indigenous, non-native, exotic) species is a plant, animal or microorganism which, with the help of humans, has been transported from and spread outside its natural distribution range. Introduction may be deliberate or accidental."

Aliens Among Us - Royal British Columbia Museum (App)

The adoption of the revised and updated Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, signified a more comprehensive framework for managing and monitoring biodiversity.


The global biodiversity indicators developed and brought together by the Biodiversity Indicators Partnership are the primary mechanism for monitoring progress towards the Strategic Plan and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. In the first instance 13 of the 20 Aichi targets are covered by at least one of the BIP indicators. In the coming years the Partnership will endeavour to fill gaps and expand its set of indicators to ensure that comprehensive framework of global indicators is available to monitor progress towards the suite of Aichi Biodiversity Targets.


The search facility below enables you to search the indicators by Aichi Target, key policy question and the 12 headline indicators identified by the CBD Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Indicators for the Strategic Plan. The Partnership also welcomes Organizations and institutions to join the BIP and suggest/submit their indicators for inclusion in the BIP suite.


Indicators are suggested for IAS.

Alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides Griseb.) strategic plan 2012 - 2017

This revised alligator weed strategic plan aims to provide guidance to key stakeholders, from local to a national level, for the ongoing management of alligator weed and to help build on the gains made since the release of the original plan in an era of reduced national coordination.

Alligator Weed - Weed Spread and Management Actions

This page provides a distribution map of alligator weed in Australia. Also marked on the map are the different statuses of management actions undertaken in different areas.

Alligator Weed Control Manual

This manual presents best practice advice for the eradication and suppression of alligator weed in Australia. This advice is based on a review of over 30 years of published information and past and current field practices. To develop the best practice information presented here a technical reference group made up of researchers, managers and technical specialists reviewed the current knowledge and information over a series of workshops. Case studies provide examples of management strategies and control techniques.

Alligator Weed National Priority Framework 2009 - 2011

The alligator weed priority framework is divided into 4 sections:  1. Prevent spread;  2. Identify and eradicate non core infestations; 3. Manage core infestations; 4. Research and development.  This document provides further detail regarding each of the priorities listed.

Amenaza marina : especies exóticas invasoras en el entorno marino

Marine menace : alien invasive species in the marine environment.

An Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Canada

This Strategy seeks to establish a framework to address invasive alien species by meeting four strategic challenges, including: • Integrating environmental considerations into decision-making with economic and social factors; • Enhancing co-ordination and co-operation to respond more rapidly to new invasions and pathways of invasion; • Strengthening programs to protect natural resources under pressure from increased global trade and travel; and • Maximizing collaboration between adhoc and regional/issue specific efforts to ensure the limited resources are used on highest priority issues It includes a glossary and discussion on important pathways

An Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Northern Ireland

The current threats posed by invasive species in Northern Ireland are significant. In response to these threats the Department of Environment has developed the Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Northern Ireland. The overarching strategic aim of the Strategy is to minimise the risk posed, and reduce the negative impacts caused, by invasive alien species in Northern Ireland. Increasing awareness and understanding of the risks and issues involved in tackling invasive alien species is a central overarching issue.

An inventory and assessment of invasive alien plant species of Nepal

This inventory and assessment is based on experts’ consultation, literature and field studies in collaboration with local partners such as high schools, community forest user groups, community-based NGOs, farmers and other stakeholders.

Anatrack Ltd

Anatrack Ltd is a spin-out from the United Kingdom’s Natural Environment Research Council’s Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (NERC-CEH). Founded in 2000, its primary purpose has been to develop and market ecological software designed in NERC-CEH, with a particular interest in the development of specialist GIS software for modelling animal populations in relation to human impacts and especially changing land-use. Anatrack now also conducts research more widely on environmental topics, mostly for the European Commission.

Anguilla Invasive Species Strategy 2008 draft 1

The island of Anguilla is currently undergoing major economic development. As a result of this, there is a demand for the importation of labour and material to meet the infrastructural needs on the island. Certainly, this is one method in which various types of organisms have entered territories and established their niche within/throughout different countries. Therefore, it is imperative for the authorities in Anguilla to become aware of the potential risk of various elements of invasive species that may be introduced to the island via the importation of materials and people. It is important to note that not all species of plants, animals and other organisms that gain entry into a country are considered to be invasive species.

This strategy contains information on pathways, mechanisms to manage and control spread, recommendations, codes of conduct, a list of invasive species in Anguilla and a glossary of terms.

Aquamaps

A joint project of Fishbase and SeaLifeBase, Aquamaps delivers standardised distribution maps for more than 11,500 species of fishes, marine mammals and invertebrates. Freshwater Biodiversity Maps are also available from the same site (Here; Here); Freshwater Biodiversity AquaMaps is a joint project of FishBase, the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, the Swedish Museum of Natural History, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren.

Aquatic Animal Health Code

The OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code (the Aquatic Code) sets out standards for the improvement of aquatic animal health and welfare and veterinary public health worldwide, including through standards for safe international trade in aquatic animals (amphibians, crustaceans, fish and molluscs) and their products.

Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management

As the official journal of the Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society , Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management promotes understanding of the structure, function, and performance of healthy and damaged aquatic ecosystems (freshwater, marine, estuarine) from integrated, multi-disciplinary and sustainable perspectives.

Aquatic Invasive Species Vector Risk Assessments. California Ocean Science Trust.

OST's list of current risk assessments for introductions of AIS into California's coastal and estuarine waters through both well known and lesser-understood vectors, to develop a method for understanding the relative risk associated with each, and to recommend efficient strategies to prevent new invasions. The vectors under consideration are: commercial fishing, recreational boating, live bait, live imported seafood, aquariums and aquascaping and aquaculture. Sectorial risk analyses are presented.

Argentina: Thematic Report on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Argentina. (CBD)

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual

This manual provides extensive best practice management information and advice for asparagus weed species.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual - Asparagus fern

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on asparagus fern (Asparagus scandens), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: bridal veil

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on bridal veil (Asparagus declinatus), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: Climbing Asparagus

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on climbing asparagus (Asparagus africanus), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: ground (basket) asparagus

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on ground asparagus (Asparagus aethiopicus), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds best practice management manual: Western cape form of Bridal Creeper

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on the Western Cape form of bridal creeper (Asparagus asparagoides), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Asparagus weeds strategic plan 2012 - 2017: post consultation draft

The continued spread of asparagus weeds threatens Australia’s biodiversity, including endangered coastal and forest ecosystems. This draft Strategic Plan provides a framework to prevent the spread and reduce the impacts of these weeds. Nationally coordinated implementation of this Plan, in conjunction with all stakeholders, will allow for etter protection of priority assets by providing tools and information, coordinating programs, identifying management priorities, and fostering partnerships that lead to more strategic, collaborative management.

Assessing the risk of potentially invasive plant species in central Europe. Weber, E. & Gut, D., 2004: Journal for Nature Conservation 12 (2004) 171—179

A risk assessment system was developed to assess the invasion potential of new environmental weeds in central Europe. A pre-evaluation step excludes species that are officially controlled, widespread, or intended for use in protected cultures only. Species eligible for risk assessment are classified into three categories (high risk, further observation required, low risk) by rating them according to various biogeographical and ecological aspects.

Assessment and control of biological invasion risks

This collection of papers presented at the International Conference on Assessment and Control of Biological Invasion Risks held in August 2004 at Yokohama National University discusses risk assessment, risk management and eradication. It also includes contributions reporting on the current status of invasion and the properties of alien species in East Asia.

Assessment And Control Of Biological Invasion Risks. Koike, F., Clout, M. N., Kawamichi, M., De Poorter, M. and Iwatsuki, K. (eds) 2006. Published by SHOUKADOH Book Sellers, Kyoto, Japan and the World Conservation Union (IUCN), Gland, Switzerland 216pp.

Biological invasion, an issue of growing importance due to the significant increase in international transportation and trade, can disturb the balance of local ecosystems and even destroy them. This collection of papers presented at the International Conference on Assessment and Control of Biological Invasion Risks held in August 2004 at Yokohama National University discusses risk assessment, risk management and eradication. It also includes contributions reporting on the current status of invasion and the properties of alien species in East Asia.

Athel Pine: National best practice management manual

Section 1 of this manual outlines the ecology and threat of athel pine, tamarisk and smallflower tamarisk. Section 2 discusses proven control options and talks about how to plan and prioritise work and deliver a program which leads to eradication. Section 3 showcases successful Australian and overseas programs against these weeds. Section 4 gives useful links, contact numbers and ideas about where to find more information on weed and land management.

Australia: Thematic Report on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Australia. (CBD)

Australian Government. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry- Development of the weed risk assessment system

The weed risk assessment is a question-based scoring system that determines the weed potential of plants proposed for importation. Questions address traits of the plant which are considered indicative of weed potential, as well as non-invasive characteristics. The WRA system can therefore be used to predict useful non-problematic plants as well as predicting potential weeds of the environment and/or agriculture.

Australian Government. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry- Development of the weed risk assessment system

The weed risk assessment (WRA) process is a science-based quarantine risk analysis tool for determining the weed potential of proposed new plant imports. DAFF conducts WRAs on all new plant species proposed for introduction into Australia as seeds, tissue culture or any other material for propagation. WRAs are usually done at species level but sub-specific taxa or hybrids are also occasionally assessed. The WRA process is a three-tiered system that involves the importer and DAFF. Tier 1 Determine status in Australia:- present in Australia and not under official control or- listed on the import conditions database (ICON) and/or- listed on the permitted seeds list Tier 2 Conduct a weed risk assessment Tier 3 Post-entry evaluatin.

Austria: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Austria to the CBD.

Baltic Sea Alien Species Database

The Baltic Sea Alien Species Database is an interactive tool, and offers several information retrieving options: Database Search, Baltic Sub-regions, and Species Directory. Information from the Database is obtained from members of the Baltic Marine Biologists Working Group on Non-Indigenous Estuarine and Marine Organisms, as well as from other researchers of invasive species biology. Published papers, grey literature, environmental reports, other internet sites and the Database Questionnaire also provide information. Objectives and goals of the Database include: to provide a qualified reference system on alien species for the Baltic Sea area, to update information on the Baltic Sea alien species, to encourage the exchange of data among different geographical regions and thereby to serve a node in the Global Information System for Invasive Species.

Bangladesh: Thematic report to the CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Bangladesh.

Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) management manual - Control options and management case studies from across Australia

This manual outlines the ecology and impacts of bellyache bush, discusses a range of control methods and provides planning tools to assist in weed control. The information presented is based on a review of published information and discussions with researchers, technical experts and weed managers.
It also contains a number of case studies that give practical examples of how bellyache bush is being managed in different parts of northern Australia.

Best Practice for the Management of Introduced Marine Pests - A Review. Hilliard R. 2005. Publisher GISP

The desktop compilation and mini-review of existing information is required by GISP as the first step in its plan to produce a toolkit specifically for the prevention and management of invasive marine species. The scope and objectives of the initial step have been as follows: 1. Provide a compilation of all relevant literature and material available globally, rather than an in-depth analysis of the pros and cons of different approaches. 2. Cover all possible pathways/vectors of ‘invasive alien species’ (IAS) in the marine environment with a focus on actual rather than hypothetical cases, including intentional and unintentional introduction pathways, plus natural range expansions resulting from climate change and other human activities. 3. Include case studies demonstrating ecological, economic and social impacts (such as the Caulerpa taxifolia ‘aquarium strain’ in the Mediterranean and elsewhere), best practice manuals (e.g. the Rapid Response Toolbox in Australia’s National Introduced Marine Pest Information System), information on relevant technologies (especially new developments and voluntary guidelines such as the IMO guidelines on ballast water management), and recent regulations at sub-national, national and international levels (e.g. the New Zealand Biosecurity Act 1993). 4. Cover all aspects of IAS management, i.e. from prevention through early warning and surveillance systems, eradication, containment and monitoring, management and control. 5. Make the maximum possible use of web-searches and appropriate mailing lists within the time constraints of the study to provide the broadest possible coverage of reports, many of which are grey literature.

Best Practices in Pre-Import Risk Screening for Species of Live Animals in International Trade: Proceedings of an Expert Workshop on Preventing Biological Invasions, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA,

The present publication, the Proceedings of the aforementioned workshop, focuses on ‘best practices’ to address the risks associated with imports of live animals (and their parasites and pathogens) in international trade. Such species are imported primarily for the pet, aquarium/terrarium, aquaculture/mariculture, live bait, game farming, fur farming and live food industries, and include terrestrial, aquatic, vertebrate and invertebrate species. It is important to note that, non-native animals together with their parasites and pathogens, are introduced into countries both unintentionally and intentionally, but that the workshop focused on addressing the risks associated with intentional introductions of live animals. Simons, S.A. and De Poorter, M. (eds.) 2009. Best Practices in Pre-Import Risk Screening for Species of Live Animals in International Trade: Proceedings of an Expert Workshop on Preventing Biological Invasions, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, 9-11 April 2008. Global Invasive Species Programme, Nairobi, Kenya. 30pp.

BioControl

BioControl, the official journal of the International Organization for Biological Control, presents original papers on basic and applied research in all aspects of biological control of invertebrate, vertebrate and weed pests, and plant diseases.

Biodiversity Indicators Partnership

National Invasive Species Strategy, Action Plan and Policy Guidelines for Uganda
This project aims to reduce and possibly remove barriers to the management of IAS through effective implementation of CBD Article 8(h) in 4 pilot countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Uganda, Zambia), using a multisectoral ecosystem approach. In each country an enabling policy environment will be promoted through the establishment of appropriate institutional arrangements to ensure that IAS strategies are mainstreamed; stakeholder awareness of IAS issues will be raised and access to necessary information provided; prevention and control programmes will be established, including ecosystem management at pilot sites where IAS threaten biodiversity; capacity for sustainable IAS management will be built. Lessons learned will be disseminated for replication in other countries in Africa.

Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG)

TDWG was formed to establish international collaboration among biological database projects. It has promoted the wider and more effective dissemination of information about the World's heritage of biological organisms for the benefit of the world at large. TDWG now focuses on the development of standards for the exchange of biological/biodiversity data.

Biodiversity ireland - Invasive Species Database

The National Invasive Species Database provides up-to-date centralized information on the distribution of invasive species in Ireland.

Biodiversity Planning: an assessment of national biodiversity strategies and action plans. Prip, C; Gross, T; Johnston, S; Vierros, M 2010. United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies, Yokohama, Japan.

The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has proclaimed national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs) to be the primary mechanisms for the implementation of the Convention and its Strategic Plan. Article 6(a) of the CBD requires all Parties to develop an NBSAP. The strategy is meant to be a roadmap for how the country intends to fulfil the objectives of the Convention in light of its specific national circumstances. The related action plan will constitute the sequence of steps to be taken to meet the goals of the strategy. The development of the NBSAP in accordance with Article 6(a) is the cornerstone for fulfilling the requirement of Article 6(b) to mainstream biodiversity and the three objectives of the CBD. This should occur across all sectors of government, economic sectors and involve other actors who have an impact on biodiversity, through relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.

Biofuels as Invasive Species. Witt, A., 2011. CABI Expert White Paper Series on Biofuels, September, 2011

This paper discusses the increasing use of biofuel production across the globe, and the invasive risks of biofuel species. The document includes a definition of biofuels and their economic status in the world, impacts of production, recommended policy approaches, and a list of species, categorised by family, which have been suggested as potential biofuel crops, but have also been recognised as invasive / potentially invasive.

BioNET-EAFRINET Invasive Plants keys and fact sheets

An on-line Lucid Key and Fact Sheets to 100 of the most important invasive plants in East Africa.

Bird Conservation International

Bird Conservation International is a quarterly peer-reviewed journal that seeks to promote worldwide research and action for the conservation of birds and the habitats upon which they depend. The official journal of BirdLife International, it provides stimulating, international and up-to-date coverage of a broad range of conservation topics, using birds to illuminate wider issues of biodiversity, conservation and sustainable resource use.

Bridal creeper and other asparagus weeds national priority framework 2009 - 2011

This is a priority framework for managing the spread and impacts of bridal creeper and other asparagus weeds.

CABI - Invasive Species Compendium - list of terms

An extensive list of terms.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

The ISC is a constantly developing encyclopaedic resource containing: Datasheets on over 1500 invasive species and animal diseases; Basic datasheets on further species, countries, habitats and pathways; Bibliographic database of over 75,000 records; Full text documents. The datasheets comprise fully referenced sections on taxonomy and nomenclature, distribution, habitat, identification, biology and ecology, species associations, pathways for introduction, impacts and management, complemented by images and maps, and supported by abstracts and full text articles.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium Bibliographic Database

The ISC is a constantly developing encyclopaedic resource containing: Datasheets on over 1500 invasive species and animal diseases; Basic datasheets on further species, countries, habitats and pathways; Bibliographic database of over 75,000 records; Full text documents. The datasheets comprise fully referenced sections on taxonomy and nomenclature, distribution, habitat, identification, biology and ecology, species associations, pathways for introduction, impacts and management, complemented by images and maps, and supported by abstracts and full text articles.

California Invasive Plant Council

Cal-IPC maintains the California Invasive Plant Inventory, a comprehensive list of invasive plants based on ecological impacts, pursues improvement of invasive plant policy through advocacy events and grassroots organizing and presents

Canadian Action Plan to Address the Threat of Aquatic Invasive Species

The ultimate goal of this plan is to minimize (and ideally eliminate) the introduction of harmful AIS and remediate the impact of those already in Canada. The plan’s underlying principles include incorporating environmental, economic, and social factors in decision making; working cooperatively with all stakeholders; and using science-based techniques to assess the risk of aquatic invasive species. Prevention of harmful new invasions is the first priority, as it is the most cost-effective way to deal with the problem. Once species are established, the task becomes far more complex and costly. The tools used to manage AIS must be carefully analyzed in terms of their effectiveness, how they affect the rest of the ecosystem, their cost, and so on. While some of the tools used to prevent and control harmful introductions vary between pathways, most of them apply across pathways, between jurisdictions, and to a range of species and ecosystems. In this plan, management actions have been organized into four broad categories: legislation, regulation and compliance; risk management; engaging Canadians; and science.

Caribbean Invasive Alien Species Network

This site which is the culmination of the efforts of many scientists; national; regional and international organisations is a collaborative effort to address the issue IAS in the Caribbean. Entities such as the Caribbean Plant Health Directors Forum (CPHDF) organised mainly by the USDA/APHIS and CARICOM; the project: Mitigating the Threats of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean (MTIASIC) funded by the Global Fund for the Environment (GEF) with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as the lead implementing agency and the Centre for Agriculture and Bio-Sciences International (CABI) as the lead executing agency; and Caribbean Invasive Species Working Group (CISWIG) are some of the main groups actively tackling the issue of IAS in the Caribbean. This site documents some of the key actions to addressing this issue in a way that promotes the actions; the results achieved. It will also give details on a range of IAS of importance to the Caribbean while highlighting the people and organisations that are pioneering the work with these species that can potentially threaten our health and livelihoods; disrupt both intra-regional and international trade and impact our environment by threatening native and endemic Caribbean biodiversity.

Catalog of Fishes

Taxonomic resource, fish, global, Includes species that are not Invasive Species

CBD - Agricultural Biodiversity

Agricultural biodiversity provides not only food and income but also raw materials for clothing, shelter, medicines, breeding new varieties, and performs other services such as maintenance of soil fertility and biota, and soil and water conservation, all of which are essential to human survival. This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and approaches for sustainable use of biofuels and other related information.

CBD - Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.

CBD - Biodiversity for Development

The overall goal of the Biodiversity for Development initiative is to improve the integration of the three objectives of the Convention into development plans and priorities in keeping the spirit of Article 6 (b). The three inter-related objectives of the initiative are: 1.To promote the integration of biodiversity considerations into sectoral policies or cross-sectoral strategies (e.g. Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers or Sustainable Development Strategies) as well as ensuring the development dimension in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs); 2.To facilitate the exchange of experiences and the dissemination of lessons learned and good practices regarding the integration of biodiversity into development sectors and poverty reduction strategies and programmes; 3.To strengthen the linkages between CBD Programmes of Work and development / poverty alleviation, and raise awareness of the Parties on this crucial issue.

CBD - Case Studies - Dry and Sub-humid Land Biodiversity

How to Search: 1.Specify the search criteria in the corresponding text boxes and/or select a country. 2.Select how you would like the results to be ordered. 3.Click the Go button to display the results that match all criteria. Search criteria include Type of Capacity Building, Regions, Keywords, Countries, and Main Actors.

CBD - Case Studies on Biodiversity and Impact Assessment

In decision VI/7-A, the Conference of the Parties (COP) endorsed draft guidelines for incorporating biodiversity-related issues into environmental impact assessment legislation and/or processes and in strategic environmental assessment and requested the Executive Secretary to compile and disseminate current experiences in this field. In decision VII/7, the COP urged Parties and other Governments to contribute relevant case-studies as well as experiences in applying the guidelines contained in decision VI/7-A.

Case studies and other relevant information is available in this database. To search the database, please select your criteria in the form below and click on the Go button.

Criteria include Information Type, Programme Areas, Regions, Countries and Keywords.

CBD - Climate Change Adaptation Database

The database provides web-based guidance on the integration of biodiversity within adaptation planning. It gathers information tools and case studies from a number of relevant partners. Its purpose is to support Parties as they continue to integrate climate change impacts and response activities through their implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD - Climate Change and Biodiversity

It is now widely recognized that climate change and biodiversity are interconnected. Biodiversity is affected by climate change, with negative consequences for human well-being, but biodiversity, through the ecosystem services it supports, also makes an important contribution to both climate-change mitigation and adaptation. Consequently, conserving and sustainably managing biodiversity is critical to addressing climate change. This site provides links and information to COP Decisions, case studies, resources, documents and other related areas.

CBD - Communication, Education and Public Awareness

Among the many barriers to achieving the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and of the other biodiversity-related conventions, the lack of public awareness on the importance of biodiversity ranks as one of the most serious. Without an awareness of the importance of biodiversity to human well-being, citizens and stakeholders are not likely to take the steps needed to mainstream biodiversity considerations into their daily lives and practices. The lack of public awareness also contributes to the relatively low political priority given to biodiversity issues. The Convention’s Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) programme is an important instrument for this target. This site provides information on the Aichi Biodiversity Target 1, resources, toolkits, case studies and links to other relevant information.

CBD - Database on ABS Measures

The database on access and benefit-sharing measures includes measures taken by Parties in order to implement the access and benefit-sharing provisions of the Convention. The database covers a broad range of measures such as: national or regional strategies, policies, legislation or regulations. It may also include measures undertaken at the regional, national, sub-national or community level. Moreover, the database provides an overview of the main ABS elements of each regional or national regime when you click on the respective region or country name. The main ABS elements displayed are: ABS national focal point, competent national authority, scope, prior informed consent (PIC) procedures, mutually agreed terms (MATs) including benefit-sharing, compliance mechanisms, traditional knowledge associated to genetic resources and other. Further information on each measure can be obtained by clicking on the title of the measure.

CBD - Database on Capacity-building

Users can search the database for relevant information using the following criteria: Country, Region, Type of implementing agency, Target, Main capacity building area, Source of funding, to Status of Project.

CBD - Ecosystem Approach Sourcebook

This website has been created in response to a request of the seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties (decision VII/11, paragraph 9) as a tool to help practitioners implement the ecosystem approach and share experiences. Once finalized, the sourcebook will have several components: a case study database, information about the ecosystem approach, and the various tools and techniques that can be used to implement it. At the present time, the first version of the case study database is operational. Other components of the sourcebook will be added shortly, so please visit this website from time to time to check on new developments.

CBD - Experiences, Case Studies, and Assessments

Convention on Biological Diversity. This page provides access to sources of information on experiences with invasive alien species, including case studies and assessments. The list of sources is not meant to be comprehensive, but rather is intended to focus on some key sources that themselves contain a variety of information on experiences with invasive alien species

CBD - Forest Biodiversity

Forests are biologically diverse systems, representing some of the richest biological areas on Earth. They offer a variety of habitats for plants, animals and micro-organisms. However, forest biodiversity is increasingly threatened as a result of deforestation, fragmentation, climate change and other stressors. This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and guidelines, publications and other related information.

CBD - Global Taxonomy Initiative

Effective conservation and management of biodiversity depends in large part on our understanding of taxonomy. Unfortunately, inadequate taxonomic information and infrastructure, coupled with declining taxonomic expertise, hinders our ability to make informed decisions about conservation, sustainable use and sharing of the benefits derived from genetic resources. Governments, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, have acknowledged the existence of a "taxonomic impediment" to the sound management of biodiversity, and have developed the Global Taxonomic Initiative to remove or reduce the impediment.

CBD - Guidance and Tools

Convention on Biological Diversity. This page provides links to some key tools and guidance related to invasive alien species, as well as to guidance documents that are specific to certain pathways.

CBD - Guiding Principles for the Prevention, Introduction and Mitigation of Impacts of Alien Species that Threaten Ecosystems, Habitats or Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Guiding Principles for the Prevention, Introduction and Mitigation of Impacts of Alien Species that Threaten Ecosystems, Habitats or Species The Guiding Principles are intended to assist governments to control invasive alien species, as an integral part of conservation and economic development. They comprise 15 principles on prevention, intentional and unintentional introduction, and mitigation of impacts.

The document is also available in Arabic, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and German

CBD - Health and Biodiversity

Our fundamental reliance on biodiversity and ecosystem services offers significant opportunities to more consistently recognize and manage biodiversity’s services for human health and to contribute to biodiversity conservation and sustainable use at all scales. We can improve our understanding of the complex linkages between biodiversity, ecosystem services and human health as well as promote co-benefits through joint policies and implementation activities by strengthening collaboration with the health sector and better integrating biodiversity into national health strategies and programmes and health into national biodiversity strategies and activities.

CBD - Impact Assessment

Impact assessment is the process of identifying the future consequences of a current or proposed action. It is used to ensure that projects, programmes and policies are economically viable, socially equitable and environmentally sustainable. Work under the Convention seeks to support efforts to adequately reflect biodiversity considerations in impact assessments. Guidance developed under the Convention helps to decide which aspects of biodiversity may need to be monitored and how to carry this out in a cost-effective way.

CBD - Incentive Measures Database

This database contains case studies and other pertinent information on incentive measures (including valuation) that were submitted by Parties, other governments and relevant international organizations.

A search function is available where users can perform searches using criteria such as region, biome, or keyword.

CBD - Inland Waters Biodiversity

Inland water ecosystems are often extensively modified by humans, more so than marine or terrestrial systems, and are amongst the most threatened ecosystem types of all. Physical alteration, habitat loss and degradation, water withdrawal, overexploitation, pollution and the introduction of invasive alien species are the main threats to these ecosystems and their associated biological resources. This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and guidelines, publications and other related information.

CBD - Inter-Agency Liaison Group on Invasive Alien Species

The general purpose of the Liaison Group is to facilitate cooperation among relevant organizations to support measures to prevent the introduction and mitigate the impacts of invasive alien species. In the period up to 2020 the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, and in particular Aichi Target 9, will provide the main focus of the work of this group.

CBD - Invasive Alien Species

Invasive alien species (IAS) are a global issue that requires international cooperation and actions. Preventing international movement of IAS and rapid detection at borders are less costly than control and eradication. Preventing the entry of IAS is carried out through inspections of international shipments, customs checks and proper quarantine regulations. Prevention requires collaboration among governments, economic sectors and non-governmental and international organizations.

CBD - Island Biodiversity

Over the past century, island biodiversity has been subject to intense pressure from invasive alien species, habitat change and over-exploitation, and, increasingly, from climate change and pollution. This pressure is also keenly felt by island economies. Among the most vulnerable of the developing countries, small island developing States (SIDS) depend on the conservation and sustainable use of island biodiversity for their sustainable development.

This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and guidelines, publications and other related information.

CBD - Liability and Redress, Artical 14.2

The issue of liability and redress in the Convention’s context raises many questions, inter alia: is a liability and redress regime under the Convention appropriate at all? What is damage to biological diversity? How do you calculate adequate monetary compensation if the damage is irreversible and reinstatement impossible? What would restoration look like? Should there be a focus on state responsibility or state liability or both?

Paragraph 2 of Article 14 of the Convention provides that: "the Conference of the Parties shall examine, on the basis of studies to be carried out, the issue of liability and redress, including restoration and compensation, for damage to biological diversity, except where such liability is a purely internal matter. By this, the Convention gives little guidance, but leaves the issue to be decided at a later stage.

CBD - Marine and Coastal Biodiversity

There is broad recognition that the seas face unprecedented human-induced threats from industries such as fishing and transportation, the effects of waste disposal, excess nutrients from agricultural runoff, and the introduction of exotic species. This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and guidelines, publications and other related information.

CBD - Mountain Biodiversity

The world’s mountains encompass some of the most spectacular landscapes, a great diversity of species and habitat types, and distinctive human communities. Mountains occur on all continents, in all latitude zones, and within all the world’s principal biome types. Mountains provide freshwater for more than half of humanity, and are, in effect, the water towers of the world.

This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and guidelines, publications and other related information.

CBD - National Action Plan for the Programme of Work on Protected Areas

Convention on Biological Diversity National Action Plan for the Programme of Work on Protected Areas

CBD - National Reports and National Biodiversity Srategy & Action Plans

Convention on Biological Diversity National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

CBD - PoWPA Action Plans

Programme of Work for Protected Areas (PoWPA) Action plans by country.  Select the country from the list to see the plan.

CBD - Principles, Guidelines and Other Tools Developed under the Convention

Convention on Biological Diversity. This page lists some Principles, Guidelines and other tools developed under the Convention. All are available in the six official United Nations Languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Russian) through associated Conference of the Parties decisions (left column). In the language column on the right, links are made to associated PDF Publications of the Secretariat. It includes Guiding Principles for the Prevention, Introduction and Mitigation of Impacts of Alien Species that Threaten Ecosystems, Habitats or Species
The Guiding Principles are intended to assist governments to control invasive alien species, as an integral part of conservation and economic development. They comprise 15 principles on prevention, intentional and unintentional introduction, and mitigation of impacts.

CBD - Principles, Guidelines and Tools

This page lists some Principles, Guidelines and other tools developed under the Convention. All are available in the six official United Nations Languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Russian) through associated Conference of the Parties decisions (left column). In the language column on the right, links are made to associated PDF Publications of the Secretariat.

CBD - Protected Areas

Protected areas constitute an important stock of natural, cultural and social capital, yielding flows of economically valuable goods and services that benefit society, secure livelihoods, and contribute to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. Moreover, protected areas are key to buffering unpredictable impacts of impending climate change. The CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas provides a globally-accepted framework for creating comprehensive, effectively managed and sustainably funded national and regional protected area systems around the globe.

CBD - Recommendations

List of recommendations from the previous meetings of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice.

CBD - Russian Federation: Thematic Report on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the Russian Federation

CBD - Saudi Arabia: Thematic Report on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species

CBD - Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 - 2020, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets

In decision X/2, the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, held from 18 to 29 October 2010, in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, adopted a revised and updated Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, for the 2011-2020 period. This new plan will be the overarching framework on biodiversity, not only for the biodiversity-related conventions, but for the entire United Nations system.

CBD - Sustainable Use of Biodiversity

Being one of the objectives of the Convention, sustainable use is a general framework that crystallises the text of the Convention into one of the first truly international tool to provide dynamism to sustainable development. Sustainable use entails the introduction and application of methods and processes for the utilization of biodiversity to prevent its long term decline, thereby maintaining its potential to meet current and future human needs and aspirations.

CBD - Technology Transfer and Cooperation Information Database

Users can search for relevant information using the search function and criteria. Users can search by keywords, subjects, or countries.

CBD - Tourism and Biodiversity

The tourism industry represents one of the main sectors in the global economy, often referred to as the world’s largest single industry. Harnessing the opportunities and dealing with the challenges of the largest ongoing migration of people in history is of utmost importance, and is particularly significant for developing countries.

The Secretariat’s tourism activities provide bridges and links between various thematic programmes to ultimately facilitate the implementation of the Convention. These programmes, such as island biodiversity, marine and coastal biodiversity, forests, and invasive species, are crucial to a complementary approach to tourism issues.

CBD COP decisions

CBD COP decisions on Invasive Alien Species

CDFA ‘Report a pest’ App

CDFA is making a new mobile app available for Californians interested in helping to keep an eye out for invasive species. The app is called “Report a Pest,” and it enables people to take photos of a suspected invasive insect or plant and send them to CDFA for evaluation. The app includes an option for GPS coordinates of the find, just in case a rapid response is necessary.

CEFAS - Decision Support Tools: Identifying Potentially Invasive Non-Native Marine And Freshwater Species: Fish, Invertebrates, Amphibians.

The electronic tool kits (listed below) available for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi (with contributions from David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp), based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999). • Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (FISK) • Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (MFISK) • Marine Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit (MI-ISK) • Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit (FI-ISK) • Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit (AmphISK)

Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health

The mission of the Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health is to serve a lead role in development, consolidation and dissemination of information and programs focused on invasive species, forest health, natural resource and agricultural management through technology development, program implementation, training, applied research and public awareness at the (USA) state, regional, national and international levels. It includes a list of websites, publications, images and information.

Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health - Image Archive

Although primarily North American, the site includes organisms that are a problem in many other areas. The site contains links to publications including field guides (see href="http://www.bugwood.org/publications.htm">publications; publications) and links to many images, many of which are of forest pests.

Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health publications

A large number of publications, dealing primarily with North America, and including identification guides, are listed and linked to.

Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health Mobile Applications

A range of mobile applications to engage users with invasive species, forest health, natural resource and agricultural management.

Central African Republic: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic Report on Alien and Invasive Species in the Central African Republic

Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)

Guidelines for assessing the risk of non-native animals becoming invasive.

CIESM Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean

The CIESM Atlas of Exotic Species is the first attempt to provide a comprehensive, group by group, survey of recent marine "immigrants" in the Mediterranean, which is undergoing drastic and rapid changes to its biota. Many of these new species are of Indo-Pacific origin having reached the Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal: these so called "Lessepsian" migrants now contribute significantly to the biodiversity of the Eastern basin. With increasing attention paid to this phenomenon, invaders of other origin-notably from the tropical Atlantic realm- are now more frequently recognized as well, a result of a natural invasion through the Gibraltar straits or of introduction (accidental or intentional) by man.

The Atlas is a guide for researchers, environmental planners and non-specialists who are interested in or likely to encounter marine species that are not native to the basin.

Climatic similarity and biological exchange in the worldwide airline transportation network

Recent increases in the rates of biological invasion and spread of infectious diseases have been linked to the continued expansion of the worldwide airline transportation network (WAN). Here, the global structure of the WAN is analysed in terms of climatic similarity to illuminate the risk of deliberate or accidental movements of climatically sensitive organisms around the world.

Codes of practice and manual of procedures for consideration of introductions and transfers of marine and freshwater organisms. Turner, G.E. 1988. EIFAC/CECPI Occasional paper No. 23 44 p.

This report was prepared by the “Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms” of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea and by the “Working Party on Introductions” of the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission.

Comoros: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report to CBD on alien and invasive species in Comoros

Congo: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Congo

Conservation Evidence (database)

Conservation Evidence is a free, authoritative information resource designed to support decisions about how to maintain and restore global biodiversity. It summarises evidence from the scientific literature about the effects of conservation Interventions, such as methods of habitat or species management. The site also produces a open-access journal publishing research and case studies. Search results will provide a list of studies and scientific articles published within Conservation Evidence or in other journals (summaries of articles only).

Conservation Evidence (Journal)
Consignments in Transit

The standard describes procedures to identify, assess and manage phytosanitary risks associated with consignments of regulated articles which pass through a country without being imported, in such a manner that any phytosanitary measures applied in the country of transit are techinically justified and necessary to prevent the introduction into and/or spread of pests within that country.

Control and management options for mesquite (Prosopis spp.) in Australia

The control and management options presented in this manual are the combined results of years of trials carried out by many dedicated researchers, landholders, herbicide companies, government officers,landcare groups and others.

Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats - European Code of Conduct on Zoological Gardens and Aquaria and Invasive Alien Species 2012

Code, rationale and supporting information behind the development of codes of practise is in line with Aichi Target 9 of the Strategic Plan for biodiversity 2011–2020 after their adoption during the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP10, which took place in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, in October 2010).

CyberTracker

CyberTracker is a software too for GPS field data collection, this can be used on a Smartphone or handheld computer to record any type of observation. CyberTracker requires no programming skills, allows you to customize an Application for your own data collection needs.

Czech Republic: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Czech Republic

Database of Island Invasive Species Eradications (DIISE)

Covers all recorded invasive vertebrate eradications on islands and an important tool to improve the quality of eradications.

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)

To help those tackling the invasive species challenge, The DAISIE website provides a 'one-stop-shop' for information on biological invasions in Europe. Particularly European (but with some global coverage), the search system allowing searches on a variety of aspects of IAS (Conservation/restoration, Ecology / biology, Economy / impact, genetics, legislation / administration, management, pathways, physiology, risk assessment, taxonomy) and restriction to country, taxon or aquatic or terrestrial area.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Denying entry : opportunities to build capacity to prevent the introduction of invasive species and improve biosecurity at US ports

A recognized gap in the US government’s knowledge of the role that trade has played in the introduction of invasive species into the US led to a study undertaken by the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of International Affairs and IUCN. The aim was to identify the resources, strategies, and policies necessary to create, maintain, and make accessible one or more commodity/invasive species databases that EPA and other relevant agencies can apply to trade policy decision-making in a timely and scientifically-based manner.

Department of Conservation Series: Products

The site contains the archives of scientific research undertaken for New Zealand native species.

Design and operation of post-entry quarantine stations for plants

This standard describes general guidelines for the design and operation of post-entry quarantine (PEQ) stations for holding imported consignments of plants, mainly plants for planting, in confinement in order to verify whether or not they are infested with quarantine pests.

Developing an indicator of the abundance, extent and impact of invasive non-native species - DERFA Final report

This report describes an indicator of the abundance, extent and impact of invasive non-native species in Great Britain. The main ideas and options for the abundance indicator and for the impact indicator are considered. A third type of indicator, the annual rate of establishment of new non-native species, is outlined, with provisional data presented only for England

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

This standard provides guidance on the structure and content of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) diagnostic protocols for regulated pests. The protocols describe procedures and methods for the official diagnosis of regulated pests that are relevant for international trade. They provide at least the minimum requirements for reliable diagnosis of regulated pests.

Directives pour l’élaboration d’une stratégie nationale de gestion des eaux de ballast

Guidelines for development of a national ballast water management strategy

Directrices para la evaluación de la condición jurídica y social nacional del agua de lastre

Guidelines for national ballast water status : assessment.  French-language version

Dominican Republic: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the Dominican Republic

Dry and Sub-humid Lands Biodiversity (CBD)

The biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands provides critical ecosystem services to support two billion people, 90% of whom live in developing countries. The conservation and sustainable use of the biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands is, therefore, central to livelihood development and poverty alleviation. This site provides links to national reports, case studies, toolkits and guidelines and other related information.

ECOLEX as a gateway to biodiversity-related law

ECOLEX, the Gateway to Environmental Law, is a web-based information service operated jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the UN Environmental Program (UNEP). ECOLEX is the most comprehensive global source of national and international environmental and natural resources law and policy. The ECOLEX user can access legal and policy instruments - international agreements, legislation, judicial decisions, law and policy literature - relating to ecosystems, species and genetic resources as well as other sectors affecting biodiversity such as agriculture, fisheries, forestry, mining and water. ECOLEX’s four databases can be browsed in two main ways, Simple Searches and Advanced Searches.

ECOLEX: Search results for invasive alien species

The search results yield a comprehensive list of treaties, regulations and other legislative information on invasive alien species worldwide

Ecological Applications

Ecological Applications, published eight times per year, contains ecological research and discussion papers that have specific relevance to environmental management and policy.

Ecological Management and Restoration

Ecological Management & Restoration aims to bridge the gap between the ecologist's perspective and field manager's experience. Publishing peer-reviewed articles, technical reports, news items, reviews and letters on the science and practice of ecosystem restoration and management, this innovative journal combines a highly readable style with scientifically credible material.

Economic assessment for ballast water management : A guideline

This guideline aims to aid parties working with ballast water management to evaluate and quantify the potential economic impacts of accidental introductions of marine species through ballast water.

Economic assessment for ballast water management : a guideline (Arabic version)

This guideline aims to aid parties working with ballast water management to evaluate and quantify the potential economic impacts of accidental introductions of marine species through ballast water.

Economic assessment for ballast water management : a guideline (Russian version)

This guideline aims to aid parties working with ballast water management to evaluate and quantify the potential economic impacts of accidental introductions of marine species through ballast water.

EDDMapS - Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System

EDDMapS is a web-based mapping system for documenting invasive species distribution. Requiring no Geographic Information Systems experience to use. Mobile apps are provided along with resources on training, reporting of invasives and use of the data.

EDDMapS – Early Detection and Mapping System

Mapping system for mapping IAS distribution, linked to a database of local and national data from the USA. The software can be utilised by smartphone apps. Site includes training materials.

Encyclopedia of Life (EoL)

EoL contains pages on a very large number of species (similar to the Catalogue of Life content, on which it draws). These pages may have images, descriptions and links to other resources.

Environmental Conservation

Environmental Conservation is one of the longest-standing, most highly-cited of the interdisciplinary environmental science journals. It includes research papers, reports, comments, subject reviews, and book reviews addressing environmental policy, practice, and natural and social science of environmental concern at the global level, informed by rigorous local level case studies.

Environmental Management

Environmental Management offers research and opinions on use and conservation of natural resources, protection of habitats and control of hazards, spanning the field of applied ecology without regard to traditional disciplinary boundaries.

Environmental Niche Modelling

This refers to the process of modelling species distribution, and is also known as niche modelling, predictive habitat distribution modelling, and climate envelope modelling. It uses a range of computer algorithms to predict the distribution of species in geographic space on the basis of a mathematical representation of their known distribution in environmental space. Links to different software and techniques are available at the site given.

Environmental Weeds of Australia ID App

the App is based on an updated edition of the popular CD version and includes the full identification key, weed fact sheets, and over 10,000 images right on your smart device. No Internet connection is required once installed.

Environmental Weeds of Australia has been developed to assist with the identification of weed species that invade natural habitats. It is a valuable resource for all those concerned about environmental weeds: weed and biodiversity researchers, trainers, advisors, weed control officers, environmental community groups, weed management practitioners, and anyone with an interest in environmental weeds.

While Australian focused, this key provides an excellent resource to users in other countries. Both plain English and botanical terms (usually in brackets) are used throughout the App to make it applicable to as wide an audience as possible.

At the core of this App is an interactive Lucid identification key to 1020 plant species that are either significant or emerging environmental weeds in Australia. To help confirm the identification of weed species the app provides over 10,000 photos and a wealth of information on each weed species and how to distinguish between very similar species. In many cases, links are provided to websites that have relevant information about the management of specific weed species.

EPPO - Completed risk analyses

The European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) has a priority to prevent the introduction of dangerous pests (bacteria, fungi, insects, plants, viruses…) from other parts of the world, and to limit their spread within the region should they be introduced. In recent years, trade networks have expanded and diversified, increasing the risks of introducing pests to new geographical areas. Measures adopted by countries to protect their territories from these introductions should be technically justified and an International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) on Pest Risk Analysis (ISPM no. 11) has been developed in the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) framework. The page lists analyses that have been done and provides tools for analysis. There are useful databases and links at the foot of the page.

EPPO - Pest Risk Analysis

Acoop-it page gathering information on risk assessment and risk management performed to protect plant health in the EPPO region and worldwide. Also sharing information on PRA methodology (e.g. climate mapping, PRA schemes, evaluation of impact).

EPPO - PQR Database

PQR is the EPPO database on quarantine pests. As decided by the EPPO Executive Committee in April 2007, it can be downloaded free of charge from this web page. For each pest, it is possible to obtain lists of host plants, commodities able to act as pathways in international trade, details of geographical distribution with maps, and pictures. Conversely, it is also possible to interrogate the database to obtain specific lists of pests, by stipulating the host species, the commodity, and the countries of interest. PQR contains general nomenclatural and taxonomic details on pests and hosts.

Especies introducidas en Canarias - Listado de Especies

List of introduced species. Spanish language.

Establishment of Pest-free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

This standard provides guidelines for the establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae) of economic importance, and for the maintenance of their pest free status.

Estonia: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Estonia.

European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN)

EASIN aims at increasing the access to data and information on alien species in Europe. EASIN facilitates the exploration of existing alien species information from distributed resources through a network of interoperable web services, following internationally recognized standards and protocols.

European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN) -Tools/Services

The website compiles data on invasive species from all linked data providers. The European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN) is an initiative of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, and aims to enable easy access to data and information on Alien Species (AS) in Europe from existing on-line databases to assist policy makers and scientists in their efforts to tackle AS invasions.

AS are on the increase worldwide and some of them adapt so successfully to the new environment that they become invasive, threatening local ecosystems, crops and livestock as well as our environmental and social well-being. Invasive alien species (IAS) are considered to be the second leading cause of biodiversity loss, after habitat alteration. Recognising the increasingly serious problem of IAS in Europe, the European Commission is currently working on a dedicated legislative instrument on Invasive Alien Species which is due to be adopted in 2012.

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European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) Pest Risk Analysis

This page provides Risk Analysis standards, including the EPPO Decision-support scheme for quarantine pests (available in English and French and as a computerized version), the EPPO Decision-support scheme for express Pest Risk Assessment (PRA) and the EPPO prioritization process for invasive alien plants. Completed Risk Analyses are available href="http://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/Pest_Risk_Analysis/PRA_intro.htm./">Here; Here)

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO)

EPPO is an intergovernmental organization created in 1951 which currently has 50 member countries. EPPO is responsible for harmonization and cooperation among the National Plant Protection Organizations (official authorities) of its member countries. EPPO helps its members in their efforts to protect plant health in agriculture, forestry and the uncultivated environment (standard-setting activities and exchange of information). On its official website, EPPO also provides:

- conducted by EPPO Expert Working Groups:All PRAs - on Pest Risk Analysis which have been presented to various EPPO Panels:Working documents - (early warning on emerging pests which could present a risk for the Euro-Mediterranean region):The EPPO Alert List - on EPPO work on PRA oRead more n.

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) 2013. Council recommendation on plants for renewable energy and Invasive Alien Plants (Paris, 2007-09)

This page contains a summary of the recommendations made by the EPPO Council on the use of invasive alien plant species for bio-energy production. The EPPO Council statement is available in both English and French.

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) 2013. EPPO activities on Invasive Alien Plants

The site provides lists of invasive and potentially invasive alien species, risk and pathway analyses, management standards, links to relevant resources, and other information services (database, bulletin, reporting service etc.) Wild plants can be threatened by the introduction and spread of pests, and notably by 'invasive alien plants' which can seriously disturb and destroy natural plant communities. Therefore in the early 2000s, EPPO started to work more specifically on invasive alien plants, in particular to analyze the risks presented by specific invasive alien plant species for the EPPO region and recommend measures to prevent their introduction and spread via international trade."

European Commission - Invasive Alien Species information

Information on European Commission projects, assessment of existing policies and Recommendations the Commission is currently working on and the dedicated legislative instrument on Invasive Alien Species which is due to be adopted in 2013.

European Environment Agency -NatureWatch Mobile App

The NatureWatch App allows citizen scientists to identify and report invasive alien species using an iPhone application, Submit your reports via photos and videos of species, droppings or footprints as well as through sound bites and written.

European Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Advisory Commission (EIFAAC)

The mission of EIFAC is to promote the long-term sustainable development, utilization, conservation, restoration and responsible management of European inland fisheries and aquaculture, consistent with the objectives and principles of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and other relevant international instruments, and to support sustainable economic, social, and recreational activities towards these goals through:
providing advice, information and coordination;
encouraging enhanced stakeholder participation and communication; and
the delivery of effective research.

European network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS)

NOBANIS is a gateway to information on alien and invasive species in North and Central Europe. It covers marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments and provides: a distributed but integrated database on introduced species in the region; fact sheets on many of the most invasive aliens; a catalogue of the regulation relevant to invasive species in participating countries; a literature database; a photo bank; connects to regional and global networks and projects of invasive aliens species.

European Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS) - Factsheets

NOBANIS provides fact sheets on some of the invasive alien species of the northern European region, covering both animals and plant as well as microorganisms.

European network on Invasive alien Species (NOBANIS) - Database

Alien species database, searchable by species, taxonomic group, habitat and country. Covers all groups for Europe.

European Union: Thematic Report on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the European Union

Evaluating Non-native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity

Executive Summary NatureServe, in cooperation with The Nature Conservancy and the U.S. National Park Service, developed this Invasive Species Assessment Protocol as a tool for assessing, categorizing, and listing non-native invasive vascular plants according to their impact on native species and natural biodiversity in a large geographical area such as a nation, state, province, or ecological region. This protocol is designed to make the process of assessing and listing invasive plants objective and systematic, and to incorporate scientific documentation of the information used to determine each species’ rank. NatureServe’s methodology has previously included assessments of the conservation significance of native species; this protocol extends that scope to non-native species as well. The protocol is used to assess species (or infraspecific taxa, as appropriate) individually for a specified “region of interest” and to assign each species an Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) of High, Medium, Low, or Insignificant to categorize its negative impact on natural biodiversity within that region. The protocol includes 20 questions, each with four scaled responses (A-D, plus U = unknown). The 20 questions are grouped into four sections: Ecological Impact, Current Distribution and Abundance, Trend in Distribution and Abundance, and Management Difficulty. Each species is assessed by considering these questions, with the answers used to calculate a subrank for each of the four sections. An overall I-Rank is then calculated from the subranks. Text comments and citations to information sources should be provided as documentation for each answer selected, along with a concise text summary of the major considerations leading to the overall rank. While designed for use in a specified large, contiguous, biogeographically diverse region, the protocol can be adapted to specified noncontiguous regions (such as the 50 states of the United States), and may also be applied to assess the impact in the non-native range of a species that is also present elsewhere in a region as a native. NatureServe is now using this protocol to assess the biodiversity impact of the approximately 3,500 non-native vascular plant species established outside cultivation in the United States. The protocol is offered here in generalized form for others who might wish to use it to conduct similar assessments and create lists of invasive plants for other nations, states, provinces, ecological regions, or comparable areas. An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol Page 5.

Évaluation économique de la gestion des eaux de ballast : une directive

This guideline aims to aid parties working with ballast water management to evaluate and quantify the potential economic impacts of accidental introductions of marine species through ballast water.

Exotic Species in Guatemala

The national biodiversity portal of Guatemala. With consultation and publication of information relating to biodiversity and related topics. This includes an overview of invasive Alien Species

FAO - Domestic Animal Diversity Information System

DAD-IS is the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System hosted by FAO. It is a communication and information tool for implementing strategies for the management of animal genetic resources (AnGR). It provides the user with searchable databases of breed-related information and images, management tools, and a library of references, links and contacts of Regional and National Coordinators for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources. It provides countries with a secure means to control the entry, updating and accessing of their national data.

FAO Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS)

Includes records of species transferred from one country to another, including more than 5,500 records.

FAO Domestic Animal Diversity Information System

DAD-IS is the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System hosted by FAO. It is a communication and information tool for implementing strategies for the management of animal genetic resources (AnGR). It provides the user with searchable databases of breed-related information and images, management tools, and a library of references, links and contacts of Regional and National Coordinators for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources. It provides countries with a secure means to control the entry, updating and accessing of their national data.

FAO e-learning course "Trade in forest commodities and the role of phytosanitary measures".

A free online course is helping to ensure safe international trade by highlighting the important role of phytosanitary measures in cross-border trade of forest products. The course was developed by FAO, the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) Secretariat and other partners. It provides information on the geographic distribution of important forest pests and outlines pest-related risks for every type of product, by country. The site also includes the e-learning course “Good practices for forest health protection”.

FAO EMPRES-i Global Animal Disease information System

EMPRES Global Animal Disease Information System (EMPRES-i) is a web-based application that has been designed to support veterinary services by facilitating the organization and access to regional and global disease information. Timely and reliable disease information enhances early warning and response to transboundary and high impact animal diseases, including emergent zoonoses, and supports prevention, improved management and progressive approach to control. The team conducts global surveillance of animal disease pathogens and we follow up disease events of significance in terms of impact at global level, livestock production, food security and public health. Risk assessment is a key activity of the team in Rome.

Feral.org.au

The website contains a searchable database of information for invasive vertebrate species in Australia and New Zealand. Information includes published and unpublished research, technical reports, legislation and management practices and threat mitigation plans. The website also has information on social issues and animal welfare, as well as an image gallery and PestMaps, which are maps of the distributions and abundances of invasive species. The Bureau of Rural Sciences’ Australian Pest Animal Management Program supported the predecessor of the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (the Pest Animal Control CRC) in cooperation with the University of Canberra to develop a comprehensive, interactive and freely-available website on pest animals. The site aims to make information on past and current research related to invasive animal control readily accessible and to interpret and pull together relevant data to assist users of the site in making management decisions.

The site is structured around a searchable database of information on vertebrate invasive animals in Australia and New Zealand.
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Feralscan

A community website that allows you to record and map sightings of feral animals, birds,fish and control activities in your local area. includes mobile mapping tools, Distribution data, and resources on control In all AUS states.

Finland's National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species

The objective of Finland’s National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species is to minimise the threat and damage caused by invasive alien species, both those already present in Finland and the potential ones. The measures proposed in the Strategy address invasive alien species introduced to Finland by human action, intentionally or unintentionally, which are spreading uncontrolledly and cause harmful impacts as they do so. The purpose of the Strategy is to prevent the introduction to Finland of new invasive alien species that spread uncontrolledly.

FishBase

Use the search form on the page linked to. Fish, freshwater and marine, global.  Use search system for scientific or common names.

To identify species either enter the Family name of the fish and use the ‘Identification by pictures’, ‘list of pictures’ or ‘Identification keys’ buttons, or, at the bottom of the page there is a set of tools, including Quick Identification, Identification Keys, Identification by Morphometrics, Species by Ecosystem.

FISK - Risk identification tool for exotic fish species in Mexico

The Freshwater Fish invasiveness Scoring Kit (FISK, for its acronym in English-) or risk identification tool for exotic species was developed by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science in the UK ( Cefas ). FISK isnot designed as a tool for decision-making, but as a support for decision makers to develop regulations, policies and management strategies to solve the problems posed by non-native species

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2013. Invasive species: impacts on forests and forestry

This website discusses the impacts of invasive species on forests and the forestry sector.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, 2013. Search- Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS)

Records of aquatic species introduced or transferred from one country to another. Information can be accessed through a simple word search or advanced search using country names or species-introduction components.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, 2013. Ballast waters: pollution and invasive species

This site provides information on ballast water as a source of pollution and marine invasive species.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, 2013. Introduction of species

This site provies information on the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of species introductions in aquatic ecosystems. Information on legal instruments and codes of practice on the use of introduced species is also available.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2013. Forest pest species profiles home

This site provides a list of species profiles for significant pest species impacting forests and the forest sector. Each factsheet contains information on the species' identification, distribution, ecology, pathways, symptoms and damage, and possible control measures.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2013. Invasive and Introduced Tree Species Database

This page contains a database on forest tree species, which have been declared invasive or introduced in at least one country. A country species list is available, where users can select a country and view a list of tree species considered introduced or invasive within that particular country.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2013. Survey of the effects of Prosopis introduction in Sahelian Africa

This webpage contains information on the effects of the introduction of Prosopis in sub-Saharan Africa.

Forest Ecology and Management

Forest Ecology and Management publishes scientific articles that link forest ecology with forest management, and that apply biological and ecological knowledge to the management and conservation of man-made and natural forests. The scope of the journal includes all forest ecosystems of the world.

Forestry Images

The site provides images of pests, taxonomic information, and images of the damage caused by pests on forest trees.

Galapagos Invasive Species

The site offers information on invasive species of all taxa in the Galapagos Islands. This includes summaries of general information on alien invasive species, manuals and protocols to identify and manage species, information on regional planning and community involvement in conservation efforts as well as lists of noxious weeds and other invasive species in the Galapagos. Statement of purpose for the Galapagos invasive species web site:
Inform the wider world (local, national and international) of the invasive species problem in Galapagos, the challenges which their management presents, and advances in their eradication and control, in order to:

enable exchange of information and experience between technical people;
identify areas of common interest between experts, projects, organisations and countries:
broadcast the successes and lessons learned from the programmes of eradication and control of invasive species in Galapagos;
broadcast knowledge of the problems caused and impact of invasive species in Galapagos.
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GB Non-native Species Secretariat - Identification

Identification Sheets for UK non-native species.

GB Non-native Species Secretariat - Risk Assessment

The Risk Assessment page gives general information, links to helpful resources, and provides Risk Assessments for some species in the UK.

Germany: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on invasive and alien species in Germany

GISP Guidelines & Toolkits

The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) produced best practices, toolkits and guidelines for policy makers. These include Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Marine Biofouling and Invasive Species; A Toolkit for the Economic Analysis of Invasive Species; A Toolkit for Developing Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Invasive Alien Species; Best Practice for the Management of Introduced Marine Pests - A Review; Invasive Alien Species: A Toolkit for Best Prevention and Management Practices; A Guide to Designing Legal and Institutional Frameworks on Alien Invasive Species; and Best Management Practices for Preventing and Controlling Invasive Alien Species.

GISP Training Course Materials

The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) developed & delivered World Bank-funded, GISP Training Courses and a range of capacity building activities which targeted developing countries- training courses on Economic Analysis of Invasive Species; Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Invasive Species; Management of Marine and Coastal Invasive Species; Management of Invasive Species; Strategies and Tools to Prevent the Introduction of Invasive Species; Taxonomy of Marine Invasive Species and Regional Capacity Building Workshops on Invasive Species. The toolkits and training course materials in English and some in Spanish, French and Portuguese as power point presentations and course exercises.

GISP Training Course on Best Practice for the Management of Introduced Marine Pests

Training course materials on best practice for management of introduced marine species. Hilliard R. 2005 Best Practice for the Management of Introduced Marine Pests - A Review. Publisher Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP)

GISP Training Course on Drafting Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Invasive Species (Regional) - English

GISP Training Course on Drafting Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Invasive Species in English. Shine C. 2008 A Toolkit for Developing Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Invasive Alien Species. Publisher Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP)

GISP Training Course on Strategies and Tools to Prevent the Introduction of Invasive Species (Tanzania) in English.

The purpose of this course is to provide general training for border clearance officials and others on pre-border, border, and post-border strategies and approaches for preventing the introduction and spread of invasive species alien species (IAS).

GISP Training Course on the Economic Analysis of Invasive Species (Regional)

List of links to GISP Training Course materials and their respective modules. Emerton L. & Howard G. 2008 A Toolkit for the Economic Analysis of Invasive Species. Publisher Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP)

GISP Training Course on the Management of Invasive Alien Species (National: Kenya & Mozambique)

Training course materials on invasive alien species management in Kenya and Mozambique. Wittenberg R. & Cock M.J.W. 2001 (eds) Invasive Alien Species: A Toolkit for Best Prevention and Management Practices. Publisher Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP)

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) was established by governments in 2001 to encourage free and open access to biodiversity data, via the Internet. Through a global network of countries and Organisations, GBIF promotes and facilitates the mobilization, access, discovery and use of information about the occurrence of organisms over time and across the planet.
In addition to data, distribution maps based on the data mediated through GBIF are produced on site, and can be delivered to other sites. The GBIF site also allows the data to be downloaded as placemarks for Google Earth. GBIF – mediated data also provides the maps in Encyclopedia, developed by a mapping tool created with Vizzuality.

Global Compendium of Weeds

The GCW is part of the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project, and provides links and summaries of over 28,000 plant species which have been assessed by experts and cited as weeds. Their statuses as weeds have been evaluated based on their contexts. Additional information (native range, medicinal uses etc.) on some of the plant species included may be available on their respective assessments..

Global Early Warning System for major animal diseases including zoonoses

The Global Early Warning System (GLEWS) is a joint system that builds on the added value of combining and coordinating the alert and disease intelligence mechanisms of OIE, FAO and WHO for the international community and stakeholders to assist in prediction, prevention and control of animal disease threats, including zoonoses, through sharing of information, epidemiological analysis and joint risk assessment.

Global Eradication and Response Database (Gerda)

The GERDA database summarises incursion response and eradication programmes from around the world. The scope of the database is terrestrial arthropod pests and plant pathogens. Weeds, vertebrate pests, aquatic pests, and animal diseases are not currently included

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)

The GISD focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world. It is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN-World Conservation Union.

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)

The GISD focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world. It is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN-World Conservation Union.
Many of the species profiles feature images, include a description section and, where available, links to Diagnostic information sources such as for the ant profiles and others. They features distribution information at country level and also at site level including protected areas and ecosystem, admin unit level, island etc. The database entries are rich in management information.

Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) 2007. Development of case studies on the economic impacts of invasive species in Africa Salvinia molesta

This report details the results of an extensive desktop study to quantify the economic impacts of an invasive weed species in Africa. This report examines the economic impact of this invasive weed species, including impacts on fishing yields, agricultural production and tourism. The impacts were valued using market prices (where available) and published data on yields and productivity.

Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) 2007. Development of case studies on the economic impacts of invasive species in Africa. Mimosa pigra

This report details the results of an extensive desktop study to quantify the economic impacts of Mimosa pigra (Mimosa), an invasive weed species in Africa.This report examines the economic impact of these invasive weed species, including impacts on fishing yields, agricultural production and tourism. The impacts were valued using market prices (where available) and published data on yields and productivity.

Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) Publications & Reports

The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) together with its Partner Organisations began activities in 1997 with a Knowledge-Building Phase which culminated in a number of groundbreaking publications. A wide range of themes have been covered including Invasive species management; Best practices in pre-import risk screening for species of live animals in international trade; Biofuel crops and non-native species; Marine biofouling and guidelines for prevention and management; Invasive species and Protected Areas; Economic impacts of invasive species; National and Regional Legislation for promotion and Support to the Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Invasive Species; the Aid Trade - International Assistance Programs as Pathways for the Introduction of Invasive Alien Species and Alien species in Aquaculture - considerations for responsible use.

Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), 2008. Biofuel crops and the use of non-native species: mitigating the risks of invasion. May 2008

This note provides basic information and recommendations for proposals on biofuel developments using species that may have a history of invasion and so require careful management if they are to be used on a large scale and not contribute to natural habitat and biodiversity loss.

Global Island Partnership (GLISPA)

The Global Island Partnership (GLISPA) assists islands in addressing one of the world’s greatest challenges: to conserve and sustainably utilize the invaluable island natural resources that support people, cultures, and livelihoods in their island homes around the world. It brings together island nations and nations with islands — small and large, developing and developed — to mobilize leadership, increase resources and share skills, knowledge, technologies and innovations in a cost-effective and sustainable way that will catalyze action for conservation and sustainable livelihoods on islands.

Global Names Index (GNA)

Lists all taxa, global. Index of scientific names provided by all Name Repositories (17,275,622 name strings total); can help find instances of the use of a name that is otherwise unknown. There is no taxonomic opinion, which means that any name may not be the one currently in use for a species. To find the name in current use employ a different database, such as Catalogue of Life.

Global review of forest pests and diseases- A thematic study prepared in the framework of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2005. FAO Forestry Paper 156

This document is a review of forest pests and diseases on a global scale. It provides regional and global analyses based on country reports, of the distributions of forest pests. There is also a list of detailed profiles of selected insect pests, diseases and other pests. Pest species distribution in selected countries by region are also available.

Global strategy on invasive alien species

Summarising key findings of the Phase I Synthesis Conference held in September 2000 in Cape Town, Republic of South Africa, this publication presents ten strategic responses that address how to mitigate the threats of IAS. Directed toward the decision-makers whose policies and practices are affecting the movement of species around the world, this strategy strives to provide a resource to increase awareness and provide policy advice.

Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species. (McNeely, J.A., Mooney, H.A., Neville, L.E., Schei, P. & Waage, J.K. (eds.) 2001. IUCN on behalf of the Global Invasive Species Programme, Gland, Switzerland) and Cambridge, UK

This document details a global strategy on invasive alien species. It covers the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of invasive alien species, their pathways, dispersal and movement, as well as management, policy information and strategic responses. Included are case studies, a list of relevant organisations and institutions, as well as a glossary. The Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species is based on contributions from the team leaders of the eleven main components addressed under Phase I of the Global Invasive Species Programme. This strategy summarizes key findings of the Phase I Synthesis Conference held September 2000 in Cape Town, Republic of South Africa and presents ten strategic responses that address mitigating the threats of invasive alien species. Directed toward the decision-makers whose policies and practices are affecting the movement of species around the world, this Strategy strives to provide a resource to increase awareness and provide policy advice.

GloBallast

Invasive aquatic species are one of the four greatest threats to the world's oceans, and can cause extremely severe environmental, economic and public health impacts.The GEF/UNDP/IMO Global Ballast Water Management Programme (GloBallast) is assisting developing countries to; reduce the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in ships' ballast water, implement the IMO ballast water Guidelines and prepare for the new IMO ballast water Convention.

Glossaries of the OIE Codes (Aquatic)

Both the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code have a list of key terms and expressions, which are used in the OIE standards. These terms and expressions are defined within the context of the OIE standards and should be interpreted as such by veterinary services worldwide. When preparing international veterinary certificates, the veterinary services of the importing country should endeavour to use these terms and expressions as defined in the OIE Codes.

Glossaries of the OIE Codes (Terrestrial)

Both the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code have a list of key terms and expressions, which are used in the OIE standards. These terms and expressions are defined within the context of the OIE standards and should be interpreted as such by veterinary services worldwide. When preparing international veterinary certificates, the veterinary services of the importing country should endeavour to use these terms and expressions as defined in the OIE Codes.

Glossary of terms for Invasive Alien Species (CBD)

This webpage provides definitions for terms related to the issue of invasive alien species under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).  Its focus is mainly on definitions that have been agreed at the international level, and particularly in relation to the CBD, and the list does not include definitions that have been developed and agreed to only by authors of particular reports or academic articles.

Glossary of Terms Related to Invasive Species Ecology (Wikibooks)

A limited list, with citations for each term.

Glossary on Invasive Plants - Victoria Resources Online [Australia]

Focus on weeds of different types, related to legislation in Victoria.

Glossary: Minnesota Department of Agriculture Invasive Species Glossary

A limited list.

Gorse National Best Practice Manual

This is the 2nd edition of the Gorse National Best Practice Manual. It is a fully integrated best practice document which includes comprehensive instructions for mapping gorse, planning a control program, undertaking the work and following-up. It is the definitive guide for land managers to inform themselves about how to plan gorse control and ultimately eradicate gorse from their properties and the Australian landscape. The manual describes the latest trailed best practice gorse management, with enough detail in easy-to-understand language to allow land managers to confidently take on eradicating gorse and win.

Greece: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Greece

Guía para la elaboración de marcos jurídicos e institucionales relativos a las especies exóticas invasoras

A guide to designing legal and institutional frameworks on alien invasive species

Guide to Implementation of Phytosanitary Standards in Forestry

With increasing global trade, new threats to forest health emerge due to the increased risk and frequency of trade-driven international pest movement. In the last decade several pests have been introduced into other countries and continents through international trade, and these have contributed to the international recognition of the importance of phytosanitary measures. How much do you know about the health of forests? FAO, using an integrated approach to deal with forest health problems, has produced the Guide to implementation of phytosanitary standards in forestry that provides easy to understand information about everything you should know to help protect the forests from pests. The page also links to an interactive training course developed by FAO and IPPC for anyone wishing to learn more about the importance and relevance of phytosanitary measures in the international trade in forest commodities.

Guide to some invasive species affecting Lake Tanganyika

This handbook provides information on invasive plants around Lake Tanganyika. Information on the plant's identification along with photographs are provided to enable invasive plant recognition. Pathway and dispersal as well as information on management/control options are also included.

Guidelines for a Phytosanitary Import Regulatory System

This standard describes the structure and operation of a phytosanitary import regulatory system and the rights, obligations and responsibilities which should be considered in establishing, operating and revising the system. In this standard any reference to legislation, regulation, procedure, measure or action is a reference to phytosanitary legislation, regulation etc. unless otherwise specified.

Guidelines for development of a national ballast water management strategy

This document is a manual providing advice and information to the development of national ballast water management strategies. It contains a step-by-step guide and a list of useful resources at the end.

Guidelines for development of a national ballast water management strategy (Arabic version)

This document is a manual providing advice and information to the development of national ballast water management strategies. It contains a step-by-step guide and a list of useful resources at the end.

Guidelines for development of a national ballast water management strategy (Russian version)

This document is a manual providing advice and information to the development of national ballast water management strategies. It contains a step-by-step guide and a list of useful resources at the end.

Guidelines for Inspection

This standard describes procedures for the inspection of consignments of plants, plant products and other regulated articles at import and export. It is focused on the determination of compliance with phytosanitary requirements, based on visual examination, documentary checks, and identity and integrity checks.

Guidelines for national ballast water status : assessments

This document provides guidelines and advice for national administrations through the processes of evaluating and preparing for the implementation of ballast water management measures.

Guidelines for national ballast water status : assessments (Arabic version)

This document provides guidelines and advice for national administrations through the processes of evaluating and preparing for the implementation of ballast water management measures.

Guidelines for national ballast water status : assessments (Russian version)

This document provides guidelines and advice for national administrations through the processes of evaluating and preparing for the implementation of ballast water management measures.

Guidelines for the determination and recognition of the equivalence of phytosanitary measures

The standard describes the principles and requirements that apply for the determination and recognition of the equivalence of phytosanitary measures. It also describes a procedure for equivalence determinations in international trade.

Guidelines for the export, shipment, import and release of biological control agents and other beneficial organisms (2005).

This standard provides guidelines for risk management related to the export, shipment, import and release of biological control agents and other beneficial organisms. It lists the related responsibilities of contracting parties to the IPPC, national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) or other responsible authorities, importers and exporters (as described in the standard). The standard addresses biological control agents capable of self-replication (including parasitoids, predators, parasites, nematodes, phytophagous organisms, and pathogens such as fungi, bacteria and viruses), as well as sterile insects and other beneficial organisms (such as mycorrhizae and pollinators), and includes those packaged or formulated as commercial products. Provisions are also included for import for research in quarantine facilities of non-indigenous biological control agents and other beneficial organisms.

Guidelines on biofuels and invasive species

These guidelines outline step-by-step recommendations for interventions to minimise risks of biological invasions along the biofuels supply chain.

Guidelines on Lists of Regulated Pests

This standard describes the procedures to prepare, maintain and make available lists of regulated pests.

Handbook on Import Risk Analysis Animals and Animal Products [World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)] Volume I

Volume 1 Handbook introduces the concepts of import risk analysis and discusses qualitative risk analysis. The provision of tested practical examples makes it a useful training tool.

Handbook on Import Risk Analysis Animals and Animal Products [World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)] Volume II

The handbook will provide practical guidance to Veterinary Services confronted with the need to analyse the risks posed by imports, to ensure that stakeholders, risk analysts and decision-makers can be confident that the disease risks posed have been identified and can be managed effectively. The handbook will also be useful as a training aid to address the critical need for capacity building in this discipline.

Harmful Algae

This journal provides a forum to promote knowledge of harmful microalgae and macroalgae, including cyanobacteria, as well as monitoring, management and control of these organisms.

Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

HEAR provides Invasive species information for Hawaii and the Pacific, technology, methods, and information to facilitate communication and decision making on issues relating to non-native species. presents information about selected species in Hawaii and other Pacific islands. Both native and non-native species are included in these lists, including non-native species that either may or may not be considered invasive.

Hawaiian Pacific Weed Risk Assessment (HPWRA)

This is a risk assessment tool targeting parties interested in importing, selling or growing plants. Experts screen a plant species to assess its invasiveness. Users can access a list of plant assessments, or submit the name of a plant species for screening. HPWRA botanists look up published and on-line information to answer 49 questions about a plant’s biology, ecology & invasive tendencies elsewhere. The answers result in a score that predicts whether a plant is likely to be invasive in Hawai‘I or other tropical Pacific islands sharing a similar climate.

Honduras: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Honduras

Hungary: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Hungary

Hymenachne: Control methods and case studies

This manual outlines the ecology and threat of hymenachne, discusses a range of control methods, and provides planning tools to assist in weed control. It also covers the impact of ponded pasture species and provides some information on native
hymenachne (Hymenachne acutigluma). The information presented in this manual is based on a review of published information, a study of field practices, and a survey of technical experts and weed managers. In addition, the manual contains a number of case studies that give practical examples of how hymenachne is being managed or utilised in various parts of northern Australia.

I3N - Argentina

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa. The database is under construction, and currently only features a list of invasive species.

I3N - Brazil

This website hosts the National Invasive Species Database for Brasil. The site contains information on risk assessments of non-native species, case studies of IAS in Brazil, links to published articles, legal regulations and a photo gallery of invasive species.

I3N - Colombia

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa.

I3N - Costa Rica

This website hosts the National Invasive Species Database for Costa Rica as part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa. I3N Costa Rica hosts the National Invasive Species Database for the country of Costa Rica. The website is under construction

I3N - Dominican Republic

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa. The website is in progress.

I3N - Ecuador

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa.

I3N - El Salvador

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa. The site provides a list of PDF fact sheets / species profiles of IAS, complete with pictures. Other datasets are available in Excel format.

I3N - Guatemala

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa.

I3N - Jamaica

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa.

I3N - Tools For The Prevention Of Biological Invasions

I3N is the invasive species thematic network of the Inter- American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN) In January 2008 the development of the first two I3N value added tools was completed: a Risk Analysis Tool for the prevention of alien plants establishment and invasion, and a Vectors and Pathways Analysis Tool, both developed to work in association with the database on invasive alien species in the network. A Manual to use these tools is available in Excel format, both in English and Spanish.

I3N Bahamas

As part of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), the I3N Invasive Species Network is a regional network of people and institutions sharing information on invasive species of all taxa.

IABIN Invasives Information Network (I3N)

I3N integrates information from countries throughout the Americas to support the detection and management of invasive alien species. I3N provides capacity building and an array of electronic tools for information management and increased access to information. Pages within the site include risk assessment tools and a vector pathway analysis tool.

ICES. 2012. Report of the ICES Working Group on Introduction and Transfers of Marine Organisms (WGITMO), 14 - 16 March 2012, Lisbon, Portugal. ICES CM 2012/ACOM:31. 301 pp.

The ICES Code of Practice sets forth recommended procedures and practices to diminish the risks of detrimental effects from the intentional introduction and transfer of marine (including brackish water) organisms. The Code is aimed at a broad audience since it applies to both public (commercial and governmental) and private (including scientific) interests. In short, any persons engaged in activities that could lead to the intentional or accidental release of exotic species should be aware of the procedures covered by the Code of Practice.

ID Source

ID Source is a special collection of over 1,500 identification-themed websites that cover plant pests, diseases, and weeds, a set of links to these 'ID Aids' and a powerful search tool. These web-based ID Aids are selected, thoroughly reviewed and categorized so that users can search for them by pest name, commodity focus, geographic region, and more.

Identification App for the shore-fish fauna of the Caribbean.

This App is the second of a set of 3 portable identification guides for Apple touch-screen devices made by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute that cover the regional shore-fish faunas of the three tropical American marine regions: the Tropical Eastern Pacific, the Greater Caribbean (Caribbean and adjacent areas), and Brazil. This stand-alone app works independently of the internet and has Complete English and Spanish interfaces

iMapInvasives

iMapInvasives provides an on-line, GIS-based data management system to assist citizen scientists and natural resource managers working to protect natural resources from the threat of invasive species. It includes a mobile phone app and can be used with ArcPad

Implementation of the Aquatic Weeds of National Siginificance Strategic Plans - Progress Report: 2003 - 2008

This report is a summary of progress made by stakeholders over the past five years (2003-2008) in the implementation of strategies aimed at controlling the spread of the three aquatic weeds of national significance (WoNS): • Alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) • Cabomba (Cabomba caroliniana) • Salvinia (Salvinia molesta) Information for this report is drawn primarily from annual reports prepared by the National Aquatic Weeds Coordinator for the National Aquatic Weeds Management Group, though other sources were also consulted.

InfoAndina - Invasive Species Program in Peru.

Program run by Inter-American Biodiversity and the Natural History Museum of the University Ricardo Palma which is developing a database of invasive alien species in Peru. Coverage is limited (Spanish language only)

Information System of Invasive Species in Mexico

The site contains a database of invasive species of all taxa found in Mexico. Information about these IAS have been obtained from experts, scientific literature, and from projects supported by CONABIO. For each species listed, information on its introduction route and status of invasion are provided. The list is regularly updated. This page presents the lists of invasive species reported for our country and some whose Mexico entry is imminent, or would have severe consequences for our biodiversity. These lists are in constant review, due to the dynamic nature of the problem, so it will be updated on a regular basis.

Institute of Invasive Bamboo Research

Site Specializing in Invasive Bamboo Research in the USA

International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments

the Ballast Water Management Convention, adopted in 2004, aims to prevent the spread of harmful aquatic organisms from one region to another, by establishing standards and procedures for the management and control of ships' ballast water and sediments

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)

The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) coordinates and promotes marine research on oceanography, the marine environment, the marine ecosystem, and on living marine resources in the North Atlantic. ICES is a scientific and research organization for the provision of information and advice to member countries and international bodies.

International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems.

This document contains the report of and papers presented at the Ad hoc Expert Consultation, International Mechanisms for the Control and Responsible Use of Alien Species in Aquatic Ecosystems, held 27–30 August 2003, in Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China. Bartley, D.M.; Bhujel, R.C.; Funge-Smith, S.; Olin, P.G.; Phillips, M.J. (comps./eds.) International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems. Report of an Ad Hoc Expert Consultation. Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China, 27–30 August 2003. Rome, FAO. 2005. 195p.

International ocean governance : using international law and organizations to manage marine resources sustainably

This report evaluates the effectiveness of international agreements and organizations and recommends numerous improvements. It includes a series of tables and maps, which can be easily updated. The tables present a problem-oriented summary of global and regional legal instruments and an indication of the scientific, technical, and legal guidance offered by international bodies. The maps demonstrate geographic relationships in eight ocean regions -- among regional marine and regional fisheries conventions, large marine ecosystems, major river basins, marine protected areas, and national jurisdiction.

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) - Capacity building

Phytosanitary Capacity building strategy. Contracting parties to the IPPC agree to promote the provision of technical assistance to other contracting parties with the objective of facilitating the implementation of the Convention. In particular, the Convention encourages support to developing countries in order to improve the effectiveness of their National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) and increase the potential for them to realize the benefits of safe trade. The Convention also encourages participation in regional plant protection organizations as the basis for cooperation in achieving the aims of the IPPC at the regional level.

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) - Recommendations

Recommendations of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures.

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) - Standards

International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). These are the standards adopted by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), which is the governing body of the IPPC. The IPPC is the only standard setting organization for plant health. In addition, these standards, guidelines and recommendations are recognized as the basis for phytosanitary measures applied in trade by the Members of the World Trade Organization under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the SPS Agreement). Both contracting and non-contracting parties to the IPPC are encouraged to implement these standards. Standards in themselves are not regulatory instruments but come into force once countries establish requirements within their national legislation. Requests for specific information on import requirements should be addressed to the national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) of the country of import.

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) – Phytosanitary information portal

At Phytosanitary.info you can find and contribute phytosanitary technical resources from and to the world's plant protection community. The IPPC Secretariat encourages contributions in any language from anyone in the world working in the field of plant protection including IPPC Contracting Parties, Regional Plant Protection Organisations and other relevant organisations.

International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae (ISSHA)

The International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae (ISSHA) was founded in 1997, in response to a request from the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO for an international programme o­n harmful algae. The Society is affiliated to the ICSU family of organizations as a constituent part of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) through the International Association of Biological Oceanography (IABO). The overall mandate of the Society is to promote and foster research and training programs o­n harmful algae, and to co-sponsor meetings o­n this topic at the national, regional, and international level.

Introduced Animals - Biodat

This website contains a database of introduced animal species in Russia. Users can search for animals by common name (Russia), scientific name, order, family, country of origin, or region of occurrence in Russia. Species records include information on taxonomy, year of introduction, biotope of introduction, dispersal dynamics, enemies and competitors, economic importance and effects of introduction. Under the GEF Project for Conservation of Biodiversity the experts V.Yu.Maslyakov (Quarantine Institute of the Russian Ministry of Agriculture) and O.V.Morozova (Institute of geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences) developed the database of introduced species - for plants (1119 entries) and for animals (3250 entries).

Introduced Plants - Biodat

This website contains a database of introduced plant species in Russia. Users can search for plants by common name (Russia), scientific name, order, family, country of origin, or region of occurrence in Russia. Species records include information on taxonomy, year of introduction, biotope of introduction, dispersal dynamics, enemies and competitors, economic importance and effects of introduction.

InvasIBER Invasive Exotic Species in the Iberian Peninsula

InvasIBER contains a database of invasive and established exotic species on the Iberian Peninsula, open to interested specialists in the field. Species profiles contain taxonomic information, photos, ecological information and impacts of establishment on native systems. InvasIBER aims to offer an internet platform, open to any interested specialists, disclosure of this problem in the Iberian peninsula. The main objective of InvasIBER is to establish a database of invasive species. InvasIBER aims to bring together information on Spanish for the introduced and established and naturalized species in the Iberian peninsula, including all taxa of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Not established species are excluded in principle (imported not introduced, in captivity or casual) and are not considered Islands (Balearics, Canaries,...) because they often have many native and exotic species different from the peninsula and in addition there are excellent initiatives similar to similar to InvasIBER: href="http://herbarivirtual.uib.es/Llistat%20ex%F2tiques/index.htm"> And

Invasionsoft

A web-enabled tool to create Simulations for Predicting Colonization of Aquatic Invasive Species.

"Predicting and averting the spread of invasive species is a core focus of resource managers in all ecosystems. Patterns of invasion are difficult to forecast, compounded by a lack of user-friendly species distribution model (SDM) tools to help managers focus control efforts. This paper presents a web-based cellular automata hybrid modeling tool developed to study the invasion pattern of lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) in the western Atlantic and is a natural extension our previous lionfish study. Our goal is to make publically available this hybrid SDM tool and demonstrate both a test case (P. volitans/miles) and a use case (Caulerpa taxifolia). The software derived from the model, titled Invasionsoft, is unique in its ability to examine multiple default or user-defined parameters, their relation to invasion patterns, and is presented in a rich web browser-based GUI with integrated results viewer. The beta version is not species-specific and includes a default parameter set that is tailored to the marine habitat. Invasionsoft is provided as copyright protected freeware at http://www.invasionsoft.com.!

Invasive Alien Species - Tematea

The module is a tool that offers a logical framework of obligations and commitments from regional and global biodiversity agreements, which encompass issues of invasive alien species. This is based on current articles, decisions, recommendations and conclusions from a range of agreements on issues that are significant for biodiversity. Modules are also supported at country level. Invasive alien species (IAS) are non-native species that are introduced deliberately or unintentionally in areas outside their natural habitats, where they become established, proliferate and spread, causing damage to the environment. Implementation requirements from multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) focus on the prevention of the introduction of IAS and the control and eradication of those IAS, which nonetheless become established to threaten ecosystems, habitats or native species that may be endangered. The module is divided into seven sections: Assessments: including risk assessment, impact assessment, presence of IAS, identification, reporting and indicators. Legislative measures and national policies: including national strategies. Management: including the prevention and eradication of IAS, rehabilitation and restoration, and other non-legislative approaches. Economic instruments: including incentives Provision of resources: including funding activities and capacity building. Communication, education and public awareness: including training Cooperation: including coordination across sectors "

Invasive Alien Species A Challenge to NEPAD

Brochure on invasive species on the New Programme for Africa's Development

Invasive Alien Species and Protected areas: A Scoping Report Part I. Scoping the scale and nature of invasive alien species threats to protected areas, impediments to IAS management and means to address those impediments.

Invasive Alien Species and Protected areas: A Scoping Report Part I. Scoping the scale and nature of invasive alien species threats to protected areas, impediments to IAS management and means to address those impediments. 2007. Produced for the World Bank as a contribution to the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP). Produced by Maj De Poorter (Invasive Species Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of IUCN - The World Conservation Union)

Invasive Alien Species and Protected areas: A Scoping Report Part II. Suggestions for an IUCN approach to addressing present and future threats from invasive alien species in protected areas.

Invasive Alien Species and Protected areas: A Scoping Report Part II. Suggestions for an IUCN approach to addressing present and future threats from invasive alien species in protected areas. 2007 Produced for the World Bank as a contribution to the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP). Produced by Maj De Poorter (Invasive Species Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of IUCN - The World Conservation Union)

Invasive Alien Species in Belgium

The Belgium Forum on Invasive Species (BFIS) promotes interdisciplinary cooperation between scientists through the facilitation of information exchange and dissemination, with the hope of developing appropriate measures to control or mitigate the impacts of invasive alien species in Belgium. The site provides fact sheets / profiles of invasive alien species in Belgium, which contain taxonomic information, distribution, time and method of introduction, preferred habitat, a measure of invasiveness, as well as impacts on native species and ecosystems. The Belgian Forum on Invasive Species gathers scientific information on presence, distribution, auto-ecology, adverse impacts and management of invasive alien species. It regularly updates a reference list of exotic species in Belgium and is responsible for the elaboration of a black list gathering species with a strong detrimental impact on biodiversity.

Invasive alien species in the Lower Mekong Basin : current state of play

The Mekong Wetlands Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use Programme (MWBP) will devise a regional strategy to address the existing and potential impacts of IAS in the LMB. This preliminary report is the first step in moving towards developing a strategy to manage IAS issues in the LMB.

Invasive Alien Species: A Toolkit for Best Prevention and Management Practices. Wittenberg R. & Cock M.J.W. 2001 (eds) Publisher GISP.

The layout of the toolkit is intended to be largely self-explanatory. An introductory chapter to set the scene is followed by Chapter 2 on building strategy and policy, (i.e. how to develop national plans and support for them). Methods for prevention of invasive species and the risk-analysis process are dealt with in Chapter 3, while methods for early detection of new invasive species are reviewed in Chapter 4. A broad review of different management approaches is offered in Chapter 5, and some thoughts on how to use the toolkit are provided in Chapter 6.

Invasive Plant Science and Management

Invasive Plant Science and Management is a broad-based journal that focuses on
•fundamental and applied research on invasive plant biology, ecology, management
•restoration of invaded non-crop areas
•many other aspects relevant to invasive species, including educational activities, policy issues, sociopolitical impact, technological aspects and case study reports.

Invasive Plants Atlas of the United States (IPA-US)

The Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States is a collaborative project between the National Park Service, the University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. The purpose of the Atlas is to assist users with identification, early detection, prevention, and management of invasive plants. The focus is on non-native invasive plant species impacting natural areas, excluding agricultural and other heavily developed and managed lands. Four main components are species information, images, distribution maps, and early detection reporting procedures. The Invasive Plant Atlas is one step in the effort to combat invasive species, preserve our natural landscapes and the native plants, animals, and other creatures that inhabit them.

Invasive Plants in Southern Forests: Identification and Management (App)

This app is based on the U.S. Forest Service publication: A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests. Invasions of nonnative plants into forests of the Southern United States continue to go unchecked and only partially unmonitored. These infestations increasingly erode forest productivity, hindering forest use and management activities, and degrading diversity and wildlife habitat. Often called nonnative, exotic, nonindigenous, alien, or noxious weeds, they occur as trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, ferns, and forbs. This app provides information on accurate identification of the 56 nonnative plants and groups that are currently invading the forests of the 13 Southern States. Recommendations for prevention and control of these species is provided from the booklet, “A Management Guide for Invasive Plants of Southern Forests,” published by the Southern Research Station as a General Technical Report. Basic strategies for managing invasions on a specific site include maintaining forest vigor with minimal disturbance, constant surveillance and treatment of new unwanted arrivals, and finally, rehabilitation following eradication.

Invasive Species - Discover Life

The website offers maps of several invasive species, as well as a list of links to other invasive species sites and resources.

Invasive species - impacts on forestry

The site provides a number of resources including the invasive and introduced trees database, species profiles for forest pests, pest management options and links to a number of other FAO publications. An integral part of sustainable forest management is measures to protect forests from natural threats such as fire, insects and diseases. Increasingly, an additional and more severe threat has been affecting the forest sector worldwide - invasive species. Invasive species are any species that are non-native to a particular ecosystem and whose introduction and spread causes, or are likely to cause, socio-cultural, economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. "

Invasive Species and Poverty: Exploring the links. Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) 2007.

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was conducted between 2001 and 2005 to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being, and to analyse options available to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems and their contributions to human well-being. Carried out by some 1360 experts from 95 countries, it developed four global scenarios exploring plausible future changes in drivers, ecosystems, ecosystem services, and human well-being. It also examined the strengths and weaknesses of various response options that have been used to manage ecosystem services, and identified promising opportunities for enhancing human well-being while conserving ecosystems.

Invasive Species Council (ISC) Double Trouble Ebulletin: Pests and Climate Change

In this e-bulletin series, the Invasive Species Council aims to spread awareness on the links between climate change and invasive species. Each issue provides examples of the interactions between climage change and invasive species spread. These e-bulletins aim to promote reforms to diminish the thread of invasives.

Invasive Species in China

The website has a partial list of invasive species encompassing a range of taxa found in China. Critieria for considering an alien species as invasive are also included. Criteria to define an invasive alien species: has been introduced into an area where it is not native from its natural range by either intentional or unintentional human activity; has established a self-reproducing population in a local natural or artificial ecosystems; and has caused obvious changes in a natural ecosystem or landscape, or has caused damages to a local natural or artificial ecosystem. We also consider alien species in China to include species introduced outside their native ranges within China as well as non-native species introduced from other countries" Chinese and English versions available.

Invasive Species Ireland

The website contains a range of resources, information and case studies on invasive species and their management in Ireland. Species profiles contain ecological information and pictures, along with simple measures to prevent their spread. The Biosecurity section provides guidelines and codes of practice for fields such as horticulture, aquaculture and other general activities in order to minimise the chances of spread for invasive species. The site also has a Management Toolkit section, which provides extensive information on implementing measures of control, and these information include risk assessments, legislation, biocontrol, other control measures (chemical, physical etc.), priority setting, collaboration and local action. In Ireland, practical management of introduced species is challenging because of the cross-border implications of controlling introductions and spread. A pro-active stance is fundamental since prevention of introductions is demonstrably more cost-effective than reactive control or eradication measures.

Invasive Species Ireland acts as a co-ordination mechanism and provides advice and resources for stakeholders, in addition to carrying out risk assessment, policy development, education and awareness activities, research and development of invasive species action plans.

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Invasive Species Ireland- Management Toolkit- Risk Assessment

The Invasive Species Ireland risk analysis mechanism was originally developed in 2007 but revised during 2013. The mechanism consists of two assessment approaches: 1.Prioritisation Risk Assessment 2.Detailed Risk Assessment

Invasive Species Management - what taxonomic support is needed?

This document examines the significance of taxonomy as a useful measure in preventing and managing the spread of invasive species, and reports on a needs assessment for taxonomy to deliver against IAS management needs.

Invasive Species Management in the Pacific: A review of national plans and current activities

This review was prepared by the Pacific Invasives Initiative (PII) on request from the Pacific Invasives Partnership (PIP). It was undertaken to examine the invasive species management components within the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans of twelve Pacific island countries (PICs): Cook Islands, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu.

Invasive Species Scotland

The website provides a list of invasive species in Scotland. Each factsheet has information on ecological impacts, distribution, pathways of introduction along with possible control methods (biological, physical, chemical etc.). Photos as well as a list of links to relevant resources are also available. This is part of Rivers and Fisheries Trusts of Scotland (RAFTS) which works on prevention, control or eradication of invasive species and diseases in river catchments and with support from the Scottish Government, Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and the Esmeé Fairbairn Foundation has initiated the RAFTS Biosecurity and Invasive Species Programme.

Invasive species, climate change and ecosystem-based adaptation : addressing multiple drivers of global change

This report focuses on the primary linkages between climate change and the spread of invasive species as well as the secondary and tertiary interactions of their corresponding impacts. It includes a list of relevant case studies and a set of recommendations to aid policy makers in integrating invasive species prevention and management with climate change adaption and mitigation strategies.

Invasores en Mesoamérica y el Caribe : resultados del Taller sobre especies invasoras : ante los retos de su presencia en Mesoamérica y el Caribe

In this publication summaries are given of the main case studies presented at the workshop on invasive alien species, both those with severe economic impacts and certain others posing serious threats to the region’s environment.

IPPC - Guidelines for Pest Eradication Programmes

This standard describes the components of a pest eradication programme which can lead to the establishment or re-establishment of pest absence in an area.

IPPC Glossary of Phytosanitary terms

This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs).
- the supplements are not included or annotated
- the notes in the third column may be self-explanatory, or may refer to more detailed notes 1-18, presented at the end of the table of terms and definitions
- Appendix 1 lists terms which were included in earlier versions of the Glossary but were deleted for various reasons
- Appendix 2 lists terms which have been considered by the Technical panel on the Glossary1, but not accepted for inclusion (this includes some terms currently under consideration)
- Appendix 3 presents the history of the Glossary.

iRecord Ladybirds (App)

‘iRecord Ladybirds’ is a free mobile phone app to help monitor the impact of the invasive Harlequin ladybird on the UK’s native ladybird species.

The app will enable people to contribute more easily to the UK Ladybird Survey whose results have already shown declines in native species such as the 2-spot ladybird in response to the arrival of the harlequin ladybird, first recorded in England in 2003.

Ireland: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on invasive and alien species in Ireland

Islamic Republic of Iran: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Iran

Island Biodiversity and Invasive Species Database (IBIS)

Focused on the threat of invasive species on native species and ecosystems on islands. The site enables users to search the database directly by species, or by location, or by impacts of invasive species and their outcomes on native populations. With each species entry, there is an invasive threat summary, and a threat management summary detailing possible conservation strategies and past case studies. IBIS was developed by the IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group in response to feedback from island conservation managers that there was a need for better access to data and information on invasive alien species on islands and how to manage this insidious threat. IBIS aims to record and provide information on the impacts of invasive alien species on native species on islands (with a focus on those that are classified as ‘threatened’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species- Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) and Vulnerable (VU)), and the management of this threat.

Island Invasives: Eradication and management: proceedings of the international conference on island invasives

This document is a collation of articles from a conference in Auckland focusing on the management and eradication of invasive species, especially on islands.

iSpot

ispot is a public site for sharing information and developing identifications. It includes many images, and also interactive keys, some of which can be downloaded for use on a mobile phone. It is developed for use primarily in the UK, but might be a model for wider use.

iSpot southern Africa

ispot is a public site for sharing information and developing identifications. It includes many images, and also interactive keys.

Israel: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Israel.

IUCN Guidelines For The Prevention Of Biodiversity Loss Caused By Alien Invasive Species, Approved By The 51st Meeting Of The IUCN Council, February 2000. Spanish Version

The Spanish language version of the IUCN Guidelines.

Jamaica: Thematic Report to CBD in Invasive and Alien species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on ivnasive and alien species in Jamaica

Japan: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Japan

Journal of Applied Ecology

Journal of Applied Ecology publishes novel, high impact papers on the interface between ecological science and the management of biological resources...The journal includes all major themes in applied ecology, such as conservation biology, global change, environmental pollution, wildlife and habitat management, land use and management, aquatic resources, restoration ecology, and the management of pests, weeds and disease.

Journal of Environmental Management

The Journal of Environmental Management is a journal for the publication of peer reviewed, original research for all aspects of management and the managed use of the environment, both natural and man-made.

Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management

The Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management encourages submission of original, high quality, English-language scientific papers on the practical application and integration of science to conservation and management of native North American fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats in the following categories: Articles, Notes, Surveys and Issues and Perspectives.

La gobernanza internacional del océano : el uso del derecho internacional y las organizaciones para manejar los recursos marinos de manera sostenible -

This report evaluates the effectiveness of international agreements and organizations and recommends numerous improvements. It includes a series of tables and maps, which can be easily updated. The tables present a problem-oriented summary of global and regional legal instruments and an indication of the scientific, technical, and legal guidance offered by international bodies. The maps demonstrate geographic relationships in eight ocean regions -- among regional marine and regional fisheries conventions, large marine ecosystems, major river basins, marine protected areas, and national jurisdiction.

Lantana Best Practice Manual and Decision Support Tool

The Lantana Best Practice Manual provides a comprehensive guide to the biology and ecology of the weed, the range of management options and how to integrate them, as well as information on how to plan
and monitor your control activities.

Along with the Decision Support Tool, a computerbased tool to help determine the most appropriate sequence of initial and follow-up control for your particular management situation, this resource should enable the implementation of an efficient and costeffective management program on your property.

Lebanon: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Lebanon

Linkage mapper

This is a GIS tool designed to support regional wildlife habitat connectivity analyses. It consists of several Python scripts, packaged as an ArcGIS toolbox, that automate mapping of wildlife habitat corridors. It was developed for the Washington Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Working Group’s (WHCWG) 2010 state-wide connectivity analysis, and is being made public for use in other wildlife connectivity assessments.

Linkages between Development Assistance and Invasive Alien Species in Freshwater Systems in South East Asia. Gutierrez, A.T. & Reaser, J.K. 2005 USAID Asia and Near East Bureau, Washington, DC.

Recognizing the significant impacts that IAS have on the environment, economy, and human health, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), in cooperation with the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), sponsored a preliminary assessment to investigate the linkages between IAS and development assistance in the freshwater systems of Southeast Asia. This report details the findings of the assessment, which focused on three areas – (1) development assistance as pathway of introduction, (2) development assistance projects adversely impacted by IAS, and (3) development assistance projects working to address IAS.

Lithuania: Thematic Report to CBD on Invasive and Alien Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on invasive and alien species in Lithuania

Macdonald, I.A.W., J.K. Reaser, C. Bright, L.E. Neville, G.W. Howard, S.J. Murphy & G. Preston (eds.). 2003. Invasive alien species in southern Africa: national reports & directory of resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa.

This report is a product of a workshop entitled Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species:
Forging Cooperation throughout Southern Africa, held by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) in Lusaka, Zambia on 10-12 June 2002.

Madagascar: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Madagascar

Mainstreaming gender into prevention and management of invasive species

This report analyses gender perspectives of invasive species impacts and management. A case study of invasions of Prosopis juliflora and Parthenium hysterophorus in Ethiopia is included.

Mali: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Mali

Marine Biofouling & Invasive Species: guidelines for prevention and management

This document contains information on marine biofouling as a pathway for the spread of invasive species. The ecological and economic impacts of invasive marine species are included, along with case studies. The document also provides information on management practices, regulatory framework and legislation and recommendations.

Marine Biofouling: An Assessment of the Risks and Management Initiatives. Compiled by Lynn Jackson on behalf of the Global Invasive Species Programme and the UNEP Regional Seas Programme. Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), 2008. 68pp

The escalating numbers of invasive species in the marine environment, together with an increasing awareness of the implications thereof, have stimulated a substantial amount of research aimed both at gaining a better understanding of marine invasions and at finding ways to prevent and/or manage them. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of those initiatives dealing with biofouling as a pathway for marine invasions.

Marine Bioinvasions: A collection of reviews

A collection of journal articles on invasive species in marine environments.

Marine menace : alien invasive species in the marine environment

This booklet does not present new or primary information, but rather a synthesis of current issues and trends, including several examples of some of the worst marine invasive species, their spread and impact. It is targeted at the general public to highlight an important but often overlooked issue, and to serve as a source of information and inspiration.

Marine news - Global Marine Programme News

Marine News is the IUCN Global Marine and Polar Programme e-newsletter. It includes news stories related to a diversity of marine-related topics such as climate change mitigation and adaptation; threatened marine species; energy and industry; marine protected areas; marine invasive species; fisheries and aquaculture; ocean governance and the Arctic. It also highlights recent marine expeditions and outstanding marine photographs.

Mauritius: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species of Mauritius

Menace en mer : les espèces exotiques envahissantes dans l'environnement marin

Marine menace : alien invasive species in the marine environment

Mesoamerica and the Caribbean: Invasives in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean. Regional workshop in Invasive Alien Species, San José, Coast Rica June 2001

The document contains the results and presentations of a regional workshop in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean about the threat of invasive alien species. There is some discussion on the presence and impacts of invasive species in the region, as well as a number of case studies. Information on global and regional maangement strategies is also available.

Mexico: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Mexico

Micronesia Regional Invasive Species Council (RISC) Strategic Action Plan 2012 - 2016

The five strategic goals of the 2012-­‐2016 RISC SAP are:
1. Provide updates and recommendations to enable the RISC-­‐member Chief Executives to make informed decisions and take effective actions on invasive species policy and management;
2. Promote public awareness and education regarding invasive species and biosecurity;
3. Foster regional and international communication and cooperation on invasive species and biosecurity;
4. Support and recommend the development and implementation of coordinated efforts to enhance regional biosecurity; and,
5. Develop human and financial resources to implement RISC goals.

Mimosa pigra: National Best Practice Management Manual

This manual is designed to help you make informed decisions about how to plan and carry out your mimosa control program. It is also designed so that landholders without significant mimosa infestations know how to recognise, monitor and prevent the establishment of mimosa on their land.

Minnesota Weed Seedling Photo Collection

The site has a collection of close-up images of seedlings of weeds (in the 3 to 5 leaf stage) common in the Minnesota region. The following images are close-up photographs of common Minnesota weed seedlings taken at the seedling and 3 - 5 leaf stages.

Namibia: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Namibia.

National African Boxthorn Strategic Plan

Weeds of National Significance are declared based on their invasiveness, impacts, potential for spread and significant environmental and socioeconomic impacts. African boxthorn ticks all these boxes, and in 2012 was declared a Weed of National Significance. This Strategic Plan provides guidance for the first five years of implementing a nationally coordinated approached to managing African boxthorn.

National and Regional Legislation for promotion and Support to the Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Invasive Species. Young, T.R. 2006. Paper No. 108, Environment Papers, The World Bank.

The object of this paper is to begin to develop a frame of reference for legal and administrative understanding of the range of invasives issues and possible governmental responses. While it cannot be completely comprehensive, it has sought to evaluate a wide range of national, subnational, and supranational legislation. The work is predominantly a ‘desk study’ (calling for no national visits, interviews or other on-theground evaluation), however, it is informed by the author’s prior experience as well as some ‘opportunistic’ interviews with national legislators and implementing offi cials dealing with invasive species.

National Case Studies Manual - Parkinsonia

This manual incorporates a summary of our present understanding of parkinsonia ecology and management. This technical information is supported by a variety of case studies drawn from areas that represent the Australian geographic range of this weed.

National Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Trinidad and Tobago 2011

The purpose of the NISS is to provide a framework to effectively manage potential as well as
established IAS in Trinidad and Tobago.

National Invasive Species Action Plan, Samoa, July 2008 - June 2011

Samoa’s National Invasive Species Action plan (NISAP) is Samoa’s response to the threat from invasive species and sets out the framework and identifies the key initial actions that need to be undertaken to effectively assess and manage the threat and impacts of new and existing invasive species in Samoa. The actions have been prioritised, with timeframes and identification of the lead agency/group and relevant partners that will be involved in implementation.

National Invasive Species Management Plan, USA: 2008 - 2012

The problem of invasive species may at times seem overwhelming. However, considerable success is being achieved in the prevention, detection, eradication and control of some invasive species along with increasing emphasis in the restoration of ecosystems that have previously been dramatically affected by invasive species. Additional research and information exchange; new detection and eradication techniques; and innovative control methodologies and collaborative models are increasing our capacity to address invasive species problems. The 2008–2012 National Invasive Species Management Plan takes a strategic approach and builds on existing programs to maximize federal efforts over the next five years to prevent and control invasive species in order to enhance our environment, economy and human health.

National Strategy on Invasive Species in Mexico

The focus of the strategy is to contribute to the conservation of the natural capital and human well being through actions directed towards the prevention, control and eradication of invasive species in Mexico, with the coordinated, pro-active and responsible participation of all stakeholders. The vision is that, by 2020, the country will have efficient prevention, detection and early response systems and instruments under an appropriate legal framework in accordance with the needs of prevention, mitigation, control and eradication of invasive species. Based on this effort it will be necessary to develop cooperation plans at the international, regional, national, state and municipal levels and establish cross cutting strategies among the different sectors, with goals and success indicators. The cross cutting strategic actions, identified in the document, will allow the development of these topics within the legal framework, enhance capacity building, promote interinstitutional coordination, raise awareness and increase information to achieve the three strategic objectives: prevention and early detection, control and eradication, and environmental education and awareness.

NatureServe

This site offers a database of rare and endagered plants, animals and ecosystems in the United States and Canada. Species factsheets include distribution maps, conservation status, life histories and population information. Welcome to NatureServe Explorer, an authoritative source for information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada. Explorer includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.

NatureServe InfoNatura - Animals and Ecosystems of Latin America

This site offers a database of bird, mammal and amphibian species found in Latin America and the Caribbean region. Species records contain information on taxonomy, ecology and conservation status. Distribution maps are also available. Users are also provided with an overview of species data in Latin American and Caribbean countries, as well as a summary of the ecosystem types present in the region. InfoNatura provides conservation status, taxonomic, and distribution information for over 8,600 bird, mammal, and amphibian species in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as classification and distribution information for over 750 ecological systems. InfoNatura represents a snapshot" of dynamic data that are continually being refined in NatureServe's central databases. We update InfoNatura one to two times each year to reflect new data from refined geographic surveys, the latest taxonomic treatments, and any new conservation status assessments.

NatureWatch invasive alien species App

NatureWatch allows citizen scientists to identify and report invasive alien species by (1) using the iPhone application to submit reports via photos and videos of species, droppings or footprints as well as through sound bites and text; (2) Sign up to existing communities or create their own; (3) Getting more information about invasive alien species and learning more by playing a recognition game.

Neighborhood watch : early detection and rapid response to biological invasion along US trade pathways

This report offers recommendations to improve biosecurity measures at US ports, as well as a possible funding mechanism based upon the polluter-pays principle.

Neoflora

The site provides information on alien plant species in Germany, including a manual of about 40 documented invasive plants along with pictures and measures of control. Other information include the ecological impacts on native systems, legal and political frameworks, possible methods of mitigation of invasive plants and review of neophytes in conservation. There is also a forum for interaction between parties interested in these plants. NeoFlora contains general information such as:

What are neophytes or invasive species ?
Political and legal framework
environmental foundations
Effects and dangers of invasive plants for conservation, economic and health
Review of neophytes in conservation
possible measures

Netherlands: Thematic Report to CBD on Invasive And Alien Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species int he Netherlands

New Zealand: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report and comments on alien and invasive species in New Zealand

Niger: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Niger

NISSAP - Uganda

National Invasive Species Strategy, Action Plan and Policy Guidelines for Uganda This project aims to reduce and possibly remove barriers to the management of IAS through effective implementation of CBD Article 8(h) in 4 pilot countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Uganda, Zambia), using a multisectoral ecosystem approach. In each country an enabling policy environment will be promoted through the establishment of appropriate institutional arrangements to ensure that IAS strategies are mainstreamed; stakeholder awareness of IAS issues will be raised and access to necessary information provided; prevention and control programmes will be established, including ecosystem management at pilot sites where IAS threaten biodiversity; capacity for sustainable IAS management will be built. Lessons learned will be disseminated for replication in other countries in Africa.

NISSAP – South Africa

Invasive species South Africa.
Website covering all of south Africa with an agricultural focus on plants and animals, regularly updated and with resources on policy and methods of control.

North American Invasive Species Network (NAISN)

The North American Invasive Species Network (NAISN) is an American 501(c)3 non-profit organization that was formed in 2010 by university and government scientists from across North America. The countries of Mexico and Canada participate as NAISN members through a Memorandum of Understanding. Membership is targeted toward regional university centers and institutes, government institutions, non-profit organizations, research labs, and/or other groups and individuals with invasive species interests and qualifications that are valuable to the mission of NAISN. Because invasive species cross governmental jurisdictional boundary lines, NAISN aims to unify and connect existing regional invasive species efforts into a single network to improve communication, collaboration, and overall coordination to help current invasive species management and prevention efforts across the continent.

Norway: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report and additional comments on alien and invasive species in Norway

OIE Guidelines for assessing the risk of non-native animals becoming invasive (animals other than pathogens)

The OIE standard for import risk analysis covers the potential movement of pathogens. The guidelines developed in this document are intended to address the complementary process of assessing the risk of non-native animals becoming invasive.

OIE standards on animal diseases

The OIE standards provide measures to ensure safe international trade in animals and animal products as well as measures for disease control and eradication. The OIE standards cover various internationally important animal diseases, some of which are considered to be invasive alien species based on the CBD definition. The OIE standards on animal diseases (and import risk analysis (animal disease pathogens)) are presented in two Codes, i.e. Terrestrial Animal Health Code and Aquatic Animal Health Code and two Manuals, i.e. Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines of Terrestrial Animals and Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals.

There are links from the page to (the Terrestrial Animal Health Code),The
(Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals), The
(Aquatic Animal Health Code and the
(Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals.

Oman: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Oman

Pacific Invasives Initiative (PII)

The Pacific Invasives Initiative (PII) is the leading capacity development agency within the Pacific Region for invasive species management. PII works with Pacific Island Countries and Territories, both government and non-government organisations, to build the capacity of their staff by providing technical advice and support and training courses, to effectively manage threats posed by invasive species.

Pacific Invasives Learning Network (PILN)

The Pacific Invasives Learning Network is a capacity building network of multi-agency teams in the Pacific to address the threats posed by invasive species. A report on works "Soundbites" is published monthly.

PaDIL

The website provides galleries of high-resolution images of invasive alien species of all taxa. Biological information and other tools are also provided. The site also offers a plant biosecurity toolkit, a seed library, and biosecurity information tools. PaDIL – High quality images and Information tools designed for Biosecurity and Biodiversity. Biosecurity and Biodiversity : protecting against invasive pests and diseases and discovery of native species
"

Pakistan: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Pakistan

Palau National Invasive Species Strategy

Recognizing the serious dangers posed by invasive species, the President of the Republic of Palau issued Executive Order 219 (see Appendix II) on November 28, 2004, directing the National Environmental Protection Council (NEPC) to address the problem of invasive species. The NEPC created the National Invasive Species Committee (NISC) in February 2004 through Resolution 2 (see Appendix III) to carry out the President’s directive. The NEPC then directed the NISC to draft a National Invasive Species Strategy within six months. The Committee first met in March, 2004, and submitted the first draft of the Strategy to the NEPC in September, 2004. The NISC reviewed documents on invasive species management from Australia, the South Pacific Regional Environmental Program (SPREP), the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Bahamas National Invasive Species Strategy. Using the Bahamas Strategy as a starting point, the NISC drafted the Palau National Invasive Species Strategy.

Pallewatta, N., J.K. Reaser & A. Gutierrez (eds.). 2003. Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species: Proceedings of a Workshop on Forging Cooperation throughout South and Southeast Asia. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa.

Asia is experiencing a significant increase in economic activity within the region, and between it and other parts of the world. Adoption of increasingly liberal trade policies (e.g. emergence of preferential trade agreements) and higher volumes of tourism will undoubtedly facilitate more biological invasions. The risk that these alien species will cause significant harm is exacerbated by a considerable lack of awareness of the severity of the IAS problem (especially among policy makers), as well as seriously inadequate technical support. It was within this context that the South and Southeast Asia regional workshop on IAS was organised by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) and partners in 2002 in Bangkok, Thailand. This meeting was one of six regional IAS workshops held by GISP and the U.S. government in 2001-2004. The others included: the Baltic/Nordic region (May 2001), South America (October 2001), Southern Africa (June 2002), the Austral Pacific region (October 2002), and West Africa (rescheduled for March 2004). Each meeting has resulted in a regional statement, meeting report (including draft regional action plans), and development or strengthening of regional directories of information resources on IAS.

Pallewatta, N., J.K. Reaser, and A.T. Gutierrez. (eds.). 2003. Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa.

This report is a product of a workshop entitled Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species: Forging Cooperation throughout South and Southeast Asia, held by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) in Bankok, Thailand on 14-16 August 2002.

Panama: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species in Panama

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Panama

Parkinsonia: Documents and Resources

Links to awareness products on Parkinsonia such as identifying cards and brochures for the public.

Parthenium Weed Management

This book describes parthenium weed and provides basic information about its ecology and biology, reproduction and
spread, current distribution, and potential threat. It also provides information on management and control aspects including spread minimisation, pasture management, herbicide use, biological control and health aspects.

Parthenium: Documents and Resources

Links to relevant resources on the management of Parthenium, e.g. awareness products and brochures, fact sheets and weed management guides, and information on biocontrol.

People's Republic of China: Thematic Report to CBD on Invasive and Alien Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on invasive and alien species in China

Peru: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Peru

Pest Management Science

Pest Management Science is the international journal of research and development in crop protection and pest control. Since its launch in 1970, the journal has become the premier forum for papers on the discovery, application, and impact on the environment of products and strategies designed for pest management.

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests including analysis of environmental risks and living modified organisms

The standard provides details for the conduct of pest risk analysis (PRA) to determine if pests are quarantine pests. It describes the integrated processes to be used for risk assessment as well as the selection of risk management options. S1 It also includes details regarding the analysis of risks of plant pests to the environment and biological diversity, including those risks affecting uncultivated/unmanaged plants, wild flora, habitats and ecosystems contained in the PRA area. Some explanatory comments on the scope of the IPPC in regard to environmental risks are given in Annex 1. S2 It includes guidance on evaluating potential phytosanitary risks to plants and plant products posed by living modified organisms (LMOs). This guidance does not alter the scope of ISPM No. 11 but is intended to clarify issues related to the PRA for LMOs. Some explanatory comments on the scope of the IPPC in regard to PRA for LMOs are given in Annex

PestNet

PestNet is an information sharing email network which assists interested parties with means of identifying and managing plant pests as a measure of crop protection. Growers and other plant health professionals in the region are provided with access to expert scientific and technical information to managing these pests. Topics in the site include pest identifications via digital images, pest outbreak alerts, pest management methods, whether biological, physical, chemical or cultural, and quarantine interceptions in different regions of the world. PestNet is an email network that helps people worldwide obtain rapid advice and information on crop protection, including the identification and management of plant pests. It started as a service for the Pacific, rapidly expanded to South East Asia, set up a separate service for the Caribbean, and now welcomes anyone interested in crop protection anywhere in the world….Plant pests – insects, pathogens and weeds – are always present, damaging crops grown for home consumption, domestic markets or for export. New pests can spread from country to country and threaten agricultural production and biodiversity

PestSmart Toolkit

The PestSmart Toolkit provides information and guidance on best-practice invasive animal management on several key vertebrate pest species including rabbits, wild dogs, foxes, feral pigs, feral cats, carp, and tilapia. Information provided include fact sheets, case-studies, technical manuals and scientific reports.

PII Resource Kit for Rodent and Cat Eradication

The site provides a resource kit for cat and rodent eradication. The kit includes template documents along with working examples that need to be written for eradication projects, guidelines for eradication, a glossary of terms and other additional information and links to global organisations related to the issue of invasive species management. The kit can be downloaded into a printable form. The PII Resource Kit provides project managers with a systematic approach to planning and implementing rodent and cat eradication projects on islands in the Pacific.

The need for the Resource Kit came from PII's experience working on invasive species projects with Pacific agencies. Because invasive species management is a relatively new tool for island restoration in the Pacific, a common constraint for agencies was access to an authoritative and consistent process and a source of information to effectively address the complexity of invasive species management.

To address this need PII, in collaboration with world leading eradication experts, developed a stepwise process and supporting tools to provide project managers with access to current eradication best practice. Use of the Resource Kit will give Pacific agencies the ability to embark on their invasive species management projects with greater confidence of achieving their desired island restoration goals.

"

PlantNET

PlantNET is the national online herbarium of New South Wales, Sydney. Users can search for plants considered as weeds on the page. Resources and links to other weed-related sites in Australia are also provided.

Plants of Hawaii - Image Database

Large database of Images covering plants found in Hawaii including invasives

PlantTracker

PlantTracker is a MOBILE PHONE APP designed for invasive plants in the UK. It is available free from the iTunes App Store and Android Market, and shows you how to identify each species and enables you to easily submit geo-located photos whenever you find one. The app now features 14 invasive plant species and also includes a "Confusion Species" gallery for each one, to help you separate some of the similar looking plants you might encounter.

Poland: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Poland

Pond apple Management

This manual outlines the ecology and threat of pond apple and a range of control methods and planning tools.

Potential Distribution of Alligator Weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides)

This is a map of the potential distribution of alligator weed in Australia.

Predicting Invasive Plants in Florida Using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment. Gordon, Doria R., Onderdonk, Daphne A., Fox, Alison M., Stocker, Randall K. and Gantz, Crysta 2008. Invasive Plant Science and Management, 1(2):178-195. 2008.

Abstract of artile: Screening tools that effectively predict which nonnative species are likely to become invasive are necessary because of the disproportionate ecological and economic costs associated with invaders. We tested the effectiveness of the Australian Weed Risk Assessment system (WRA) in distinguishing plant species that are major invaders, minor invaders, and noninvaders in Florida. The test included 158 annuals and perennials in six growth forms from 52 families in 27 orders. The WRA with a secondary screen met all hypothesized accuracy levels: it correctly rejected 92% of test species that have been documented to be invasive in Florida and correctly accepted 73% of the noninvaders. The incorrect rejection of noninvaders was 8% with the remaining 19% of noninvaders falling into the “evaluate further” outcome. Only 10% of the 158 species required further evaluation. Invaders of natural areas and agricultural systems were identified with equal accuracy. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated high separation of invaders from noninvaders. The degree to which the WRA is precautionary may be adjusted by altering the cutoff scores that define the “accept, evaluate further,” and “reject” outcomes. This approach could be adopted in Florida as a screening mechanism to reduce importation of new invaders. (Article available with BioOne account).

Prevention and Management of Alien Invasive Species: Forging Cooperation throughout West Africa. Proceedings of a workshop held in Accra, Ghana, 9-11 March, 2004. CAB International, Nairobi, Kenya

These are the proceedings and presentations from a workshop attended by representatives from sixteen West African countries. The aim of the workshop was to promoting information exchange and regional collaboration and cooperative action, with regards to the issue of invasive alien species management. The appendices include reports from a number of countries on specific invasive alien species problems.

Prevention and management of Invasive Alien Species: Proceedings of a workshop on forging cooperation throughout South America in English/Spanish/Portuguese

These are the proceedings of a workshop with the objective of forging regional cooperation in the management of invasive alien species in South America.

Prickly acacia National Case Studies Manual

This publication is a companion to the Prickly Acacia Best Practice Manual released in July 2000, which presented a technical overview of prickly acacia ecology and the ‘tool box’ of available management strategies and control options. This manual goes one step further—it shows how landholders, community and industry groups, local governments and agencies have applied these tools and strategies in different situations, and shows the approaches being taken by land managers to contain, eradicate or prevent the spread of prickly acacia.

Prickly acacia: Documents and resources

Links to resources on the management of prickly acacia e.g. identifying cards, brochures etc.

Procedimientos para el desarrollo de la estrategia nacional de control y gestión del agua de lastre y sedimentos de los buques

Procedures for the Development of the National Strategy for Control and Water Management Ballast and Sediments. (Spanish) Guidelines for development of a national ballast water management strategy.

Proceedings of the Regional Workshop on Invasive Alien Species and Terrestrial Ecosystem Rehabilitation for Western Indian Ocean Island states – Sharing Experience, Identifying Priorities and Defining Joint Action, Seychelles 13 - 17th October 2003.

Proceedings of the Regional Workshop on Invasive Alien Species and Terrestrial Ecosystem Rehabilitation for Western Indian Ocean Island states – Sharing Experience, Identifying Priorities and Defining Joint Action, Seychelles 13 - 17th October 2003. J.R. Mauremootoo J.R. (Editor)

Purple Loosestrife Project Manitoba

The website offers a information on the ecology, impacts, method of introduction, method of identification, biological control, measures of prevention and control and alternative garden substitutes for the invasive weed, purple loosestrife. Brochures are also available for download. The website also has a function which enables users to report observed infestations at their locations. The wetlands of western Canada are facing a serious threat – damage caused by the spread of an invasive plant, purple loosestrife.

Reaser, J.K., L.E. Neville, H. E. Svart (eds.). 2002. Management of Invasive Alien Species: Forging Cooperation in the Baltic/Nordic Region. The Global Invasive Species Programme.

These are the proceedings of a workshop held in the Baltic-Nordic region, with the objective of forging regional cooperation in the management of invasive alien species. The document contains a summary of recommendations of the workshop.

Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC)

The Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC) is a largely virtual institute providing on-line information services in the area of biological invasions research and management. Facilitation of international cooperation on the invasive species related issues, linking international research community and general public, managers and decision-makers as well as other interested stakeholders are among the main REABIC objectives.
The REABIC is started in 2001 as a web portal, providing access to the global, regional, sub-regional and national Internet resources on biological invasions (the Regional Biological Invasions Centre project, RBIC). At present REABIC is serving as an independent virtual data centre for applied research and management of invasive species focusing on the Euro-Asian region and providing online services for interested stakeholders around a World..
REABIC is hosting web sites of the International Society of Limnology Working Group on Aquatic Invasive Species (SIL WGAIS), and the European Information and Research Network on Aquatic Invasive Species (ERNAIS).
REABIC is a partner organisation and data provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) (REABIC profile at the GBIF web site) and for the developing European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN)
REABIC is serving also as an official publisher of open access, peer-reviewed international journals focusing on biological invasions Aquatic Invasions, BioInvasions Records and Management of Biological Invasions
Currently REABIC is working on development of online decision support systems for management of invasive alien species in the Black Sea area (see "Decision Support System for Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Black Sea Basin"). with support of European Commission via the EnviroGRIDS project

Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC) - Management

Several management tools are listed.

Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC) -Risk Assessment Tools

The page lists a number of tools, both in PDF form and links to other websites.  There are also some completed risk assessments.

Regional workshop on invasive alien species and terrestrial ecosystem rehabilitation for Western Indian Ocean island states : sharing experience, identifying priorities and defining joint action, workshop proceedings

This is a collection of papers and presentatiosn from the Regional Workshop on Invasive Alien Species and Terrestrial Ecosystem Rehabilitation for Western Indian Ocean island states. It contains studies of species-led invasive alien species management and area-led management. There is also a list of relevant resources at the end of the document.

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and applications

The standard describes the concept of non-regulated pests and identifies their characteristics. It describes the application of the concept in practice and the relevant elements of regulatory systems.

Republic of Korea: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Korea

Republic of Macedonia: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species of the Republic of Macedonia

Republic of Moldova: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invaisve species in the Republic of Moldova

Republic of Seychelles: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the Republic of Seychelles

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

The standard describes the requirements and the procedures for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence (ALPP) for regulated pests in an area and, to facilitate export, for pests regulated by an importing country only. This includes identification, verification and maintence and use of those ALPPs.

Resources that may assist risk assessment practitioners. (IUCN-ISSG)

This site provides an extensive list of publicly accessible resources that may assist risk assessment procedures.

Review of progress towards the alligator weed strategic plan 2008 - 2009

The National Aquatic Weeds Management Group (NAWMG) continued to oversee implementation of National Alligator Weed Strategic Plan and provide national coordination during the 2008/2009 financial year. This report documents the progress towards implementation of this plan.

Risk Analysis Tools and Vector Analaysis Pathway Tool - IABIN Invasives Information Network (I3N)

I3N Risk Analysis of Invasion Tool and Vector Analysis Pathways Tool. These tools are available for download in Excel format as separate worksheets in the same file. Additional Risk assessment protocols are available on another part of the site )

Risk assessment for invasive species produces net bioeconomic benefits. Keller, Reuben P., Lodge, David M. and David C. Finnoff 2007. PNAS January 2, 2007 vol. 104 no. 1 203–207

This article discusses the economic benefits of risk assessments for invasive species.

Risk Assessment for the Import and Keeping of Exotic Vertebrates in Australia. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra (Bomford, 2003)

This report examines the factors that can be used to distinguish between species that pose a high risk of becoming a new pest and those that pose a lower risk. This information is used to construct a scientifically based risk assessment model to evaluate the risks posed by the import and keeping of exotic species in Australia. This report provides information and guidance that will assist those responsible for assessing and managing the risks posed by the import and keeping of exotic vertebrates, including government policy makers, quarantine officials and wildlife managers.

Risk assessment models for establishment of exotic vertebrates in Australia and New Zealand. Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra. (Bomford, M. 2008.)

This project was commissioned by the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre to validate and refine risk assessment models used in decisions to import and maintain exotic vertebrate species. It builds on earlier work conducted by the Bureau of Rural Sciences for the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. The findings will guide future decisions on the import of new species, and on restrictions imposed on exotic species already kept in Australia and New Zealand.

Risk assessment protocols and decision making tools for use of alien species in aquaculture and stock enhancement (Copp et al. 2008)

The ENSARS provides a structured framework for evaluating the risks of escape, introduction to and establishment in open waters, of any non-native aquatic organism being used (or associated with those used) in aquaculture. In addition, it provides evaluation of potential risks posed by transport pathways, rearing facilities, non-target infectious agents, and the potential organism, ecosystem and socio-economic impacts.

Risk assessment: Simultaneously prioritizing the control of invasive plant species and the conservation of rare plant species

Miller, Thaddeus K.; Allen, Craig R.; Landis, Wayne G.; and Merchant, James W., Risk assessment: Simultaneously prioritizing the control of invasive plant species and the conservation of rare plant speci (2010). Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit - - Staff Publications. Paper 17.

Risk identification and assessment of non-native freshwater fishes: concepts and perspectives on protocols for the UK. Sci. Ser. Tech Rep., Cefas Lowestoft, 129: 32pp. (Copp, G.H., Garthwaite, R. and Gozlan, R.E., 2005.)

The aim of the present discussion paper is to propose a conceptual risk assessment approach for freshwater fish species that addresses the first two elements (hazard introduction and rationale identification, hazard assessment) of the UK environmental risk strategy described above. In doing so, the present paper presents a few worked examples of assessments on species to facilitate discussion whilst validation of the proposed methodology (e.g. Daehler et al., 2004) takes place.

Romania: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Romania

Rubber Vine Management

This manual outlines a range of strategies and methods for the control of rubber vine. It includes case studies written by land mangers, who explain why and how they control it. They also discuss their motivations for doing so—these include improving productivity, being responsible landholders, removing the pest from their best country, and protecting properties downstream.

Rubber Vine: Documents and resources

Links to relevant resources on the management of rubber vine e.g. awareness products, weed management guide and fact sheet, and maps.

Rüdiger Wittenberg and Matthew J.W. Cock (Eds.), 2001, INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES: A Toolkit of Best Prevention and Management Practices.

The main focus of this toolkit is to assist those involved in environment and biodiversity conservation and management. It is not aimed directly at the public, policy makers, quarantine services etc., but should provide insights for these groups, in addition to conservation managers. Nevertheless, the contents are likely to provide useful information to a wider group of users.

Saint Lucia National Invasive Species Strategy

The goals of the NISS are four-fold and aim to minimize the harmful effects of invasive species on the environment, economy and society of Saint Lucia:
[1] to provide a national framework for invasive species prevention and management;
[2] to prevent introduction and establishment of further invasions;
[3] to reduce the impacts of invasive species already present in the country through a hierarchical approach comprising (i) Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR), (ii) Eradication, (iii) Mitigation and Containment, (iv) Restoration;
[4] to strengthen Saint Lucia’s participation in regional and international efforts for invasive species prevention and management.

Salvinia Control Manual

The information presented here provides a basis for the development of site-specific management strategies. It is based on a review of published information, a survey of field practices carried out by technical experts and weed managers, and a workshop on integrating control methods for salvinia.

Sealifebase

References can be located using the search tool at the bottom of the web page. Includes species that are not Invasive Species.

Search can be made by common name or scientific name, as well as information arranged by habitat, distribution etc. Coverage is global and across many marine taxa. Many of the pages reached include photographs and descriptions.

Securing protected areas in the face of global change : key lessons learned from case studies and field learning sites in protected areas

New institutional policies require new social arrangements among communities and government bureaus. Through a selection of field learning sites and case studies, this report presents a synthesis of lessons learned and invites readers to investigate areas of interest in more depth.

Senegal: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Senegal

Serrated Tussock (Australian national best practice management manual)

The manual has been designed to allow easy access to the information and includes the following features: • an index of keywords for quick and easy access to specific information • a glossary of key terms and abbreviations • chapters are colour coded to help access information quickly • an ‘at a glance’ control table outlining the range of control and management tools applicable for different land-uses • best practice control and management information described in detail for agricultural, conservation and urban land uses.

Serrated Tussock (Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance)

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of serrated tussock (Nassella trichotoma) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a best practice management guide, a best practice management manual, management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Shine, C., J.K. Reaser, and A.T. Gutierrez. (eds.). 2003. Invasive alien species in the Austral Pacific Region: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa.

This document contains the national reports from a range of countries in the Austral-Pacific region. Each report contains information on known invasive alien species problems within respective countries, current management and prevention strategies, objectives and contact information for relevant departments, priorities for future work on IAS, a list of experts, and other lists to relevant resources.

Shine, C., J.K. Reaser, and A.T. Gutierrez. (eds.). 2003. Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species: Proceedings of a Workshop on Forging Cooperation throughout the Austral-Pacific. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa.

These are the proceedings of a workshop targeting the prevention and management of invasive species in the Austral-Pacific region. The document covers information on socioeconomic and other human impacts, policy information and regional management strategies. This workshop was the sixth in a series of seven regional workshops coordinated by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) and its partners, the World Conservation Union-IUCN and CAB International.

Singapore: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Singapore

Slovakia: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Slovakia

South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) - Invasive Aliens Early Detection and Rapid Response Programme

The programme focuses on plant invasion control as part of SANBI's legal mandate to monitor and report on invasive alien species within Southen Africa

South Atlantic Invasive Species Strategy and Action Plan 2010

The Strategy aims to provide a focus for the South Atlantic Overseas Territories to develop effective prevention and response measures for invasive species and thus reduce damage to their natural heritage, communities, livelihoods and options for future development.

Sri Lanka: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Sri Lanka

State of Qatar: Thematic Report to CBD on Invasive Alien Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic Report on Invasive Alien Species

Strategy and Action Plan For Invasive Alien Species in the Caribbean Region (CABI - 2011-2016).

This CIAS-Strategy seeks to establish a framework for Invasive Alien Species management in the Caribbean Region by addressing the following two main challenges: The need to strengthen existing national and regional programmes that protect the natural resources which are under pressure from the entry and establishment of Invasive Alien Species through increased global trade and travel and The need to develop new or enhance current national and regional coordination and cooperation mechanisms that will allow a more rapid and efficient response to new and existing alien species invasions.

Swaziland's Alien Plants Database

The database provides information on invasive alien plants in Swaziland, including taxonomical and botanical information, original range, a measure of invasiveness, invasive plant maps and photos. A project was carried out in 2003/2004 by Kate Braun, Sikhumbuzo Dlamini and Titus Dlamini, under the auspices of the Swaziland Environmental Authority, to compile existing data on alien invasive plants of Swaziland. One product of this project was the creation of an online database of Swaziland's alien/non-indigenous plants, with distribution maps and photographs or illustrations.

Sweden: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Sweden

Switzerland: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Switzerland

Terrestrial Animal Health Code

The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Terrestrial Code) sets out standards for the improvement of animal health and welfare and veterinary public health worldwide, including through standards for safe international trade in terrestrial animals (mammals, birds and bees) and their products.

Thailand: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Thailand

The Aid Trade - International Assistance Programs as Pathways for the Introduction of Invasive Alien Species. Murphy, S.T. & Cheesman, O.D. 2006. Paper No. 109, Environment Department Papers, The World Bank.

This discussion paper is sponsored by the World Bank and CABI, both institutions concerned with delivering development assistance. It was produced to raise awareness about the costs and problems associated with IAS and as a contribution towards promoting more environmentally sustainable development.

The Economic Impact and Appropriate Management of Selected Invasive Alien Species on the African Continent.

This report provides case studies of the economic impact of five invasive alien species in different areas in Africa. The overall aim of this work was to provide detailed information to administrators and managers. The species were: • Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus); • Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes); • The larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus); • Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus); and • Triffid weed (Chromolaena odorata).

[R.M. Wise, B.W. van Wilgen, M.P. Hill, F. Schulthess, D. Tweddle, A. Chabi-Olay, and H.G Zimmermann, 2007. The Economic Impact and Appropriate Management of Selected Invasive Alien Species on the African Continent. Final Report prepared for the: Global Invasive Species Programme. CSIR Report Number CSIR/NRE/RBSD/ER/2007/0044/C]

The great reshuffling : human dimensions of invasive alien species

This compilation of papers delivered during a workshop on the human dimensions of the IAS problem, held in Cape Town, South Africa on 15-17 September 2000, covers some of the many causes, consequences and responses to this problem.

The IMO Technical Guidelines

Technical Guidelines to support the BWM Convention. A number of technical guidelines have been developed and adopted since MEPC 53 to support the uniform implementation of the BWM Convention.

The Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: A Tool for Creating Regional and National Lists of Invasive Nonnative Plants that Negatively Impact Biodiversity

We developed a protocol for categorizing nonnative plants according to their negative impacts on biodiversity in a large area such as a state, nation, or ecological region. Our objective was to provide a tool that makes the process of identifying, categorizing, and listing nonnative plants that cause negative impacts to biodiversity analytic, transparent, and equitable and that yields lists that are useful to researchers, land managers, regulators, consumers, and commercial interests such as the nursery industry. The protocol was designed to distinguish between species that cause high, medium, low, or insignificant negative impacts to native biodiversity within the state, region, or nation of interest. Randall, John M., Morse, Larry E. , Benton, Nancy., Hiebert, Ron., Lu, Stephanie and Killeffer, Terri (2008) The Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: A Tool for Creating Regional and National Lists of Invasive Nonnative Plants that Negatively Impact Biodiversity. Invasive Plant Science and Management 2008 1:36–49.

The Malta Environment and Planning Authority (MEPA) - Code of Conduct on Horticulture & Invasive Alien Plants (2011)

This booklet is an abridged version of the Code of Conduct on Horticulture and IAPs for European and Mediterranean Countries produced by The European Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) and the Council of Europe (CoE) under the framework of the Bern Convention published in 2009,including information relevant for Malta. It mainly addresses the horticultural sector (including plant and seed introducers/importers, plant nurseries, garden centres) and those entities engaged in landscaping and afforestation.

The Malta Environment and Planning Authority (MEPA) - Guidelines on Alien Plant Species

Guidelines supporting the implementation of Malta’s National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2012-2020) invasive plants and improving the conservation status of native plant communities. The main substance of these guidelines details the steps to follow when curtailing the spread of invasive plants, and when planning native species recovery programmes. They target managers of protected areas and entities involved in the removal of invasive plants and habitat management and/or restoration. The document also serves as guidance to be followed when implementing conditions on alien plant removal that may accompany development permits. It has been developed bearing in mind the guidance provided by Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) and other documents of best practice in invasive species management and habitat management/restoration of plant communities.

The National Introduced Marine Pests Information System - NIMPIS

The database provides detailed information on non-native marine pest plant and animal species in Australian waters. Species datasheets contain comprehensive information on taxonomic classification, morphology, ecology and physiology,vectors, pathways of introduction and impacts on natural systems, as well as a list of references and articles with additional information pertaining to that particular species. NIMPIS is a central repository of information on the biology, ecology and distribution (international and national) of invasive marine pest species. It includes known species that have been introduced to Australian waters and species that are considered to pose a potential of future introduction.

The National Invasive Species Strategy for the Bahamas

This project builds on initial work completed under the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN) Invasives Information Network Project in which databases on invasives species, expertise and programmes were developed and made accessible on the Worldwide Web. This phased approach has been very successful and it is intended that the work on this issue will continue, resulting in the development of a comprehensive infrastructure that will prevent the entry and establishment of unwanted invasive species and other biological threats to the biodiversity of the Bahamian islands.

The Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (NBIC) - Report on a New method for ecological risk assessments of alien species used in Norway

A new semi-quantitative method that enables researchers and others to assess the environmental impacts posed by alien species has now been implemented in Norway. While the method is tailored to the Norwegian environment, it can easily be adapted to other countries, and fills an international need for a quantifiable, uniform approach to classifying and assessing alien species. The publication that details the potential impacts of alien species in Norwayis now released in English.

The Philippines: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the Philippines

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach to pest risk management

This standard provides guidelines for the development and evaluation of integrated measures in a systems approach as an option for pest risk management under the relevant international standards for pest risk analysis (PRA) designed to meet phytosanitary import requirements for plants, plant products and other regulated articles.

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) 2013. Animal Disease Information Summaries

Animal Disease Information Summaries

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) Interface

The WAHID Interface provides access to all data held within OIE's new World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). It replaces and significantly extends the former web interface named Handistatus II System.

Threatened Island Biodiversity (TIB) - Database and Map

The TIB database is the most comprehensive global review of IUCN Threatened Species breeding on islands and at risk from invasive vertebrates. This currently TIB includes almost 2000 islands and 1182 threatened species, collated from 1800 scientific literature sources and the contribution of almost 400 experts.

Tilapias as alien aquatics in Asia and the Pacific: a review. De Silva, S.S; Subasinghe, R.P.; Bartley, D.M.; Lowther, A.: FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 453. Rome, FAO. 2004. 65p.

Tilapias are not native to Asia but have been a significant component of inland fisheries and aquaculture in the region for over half a century. They have been introduced into over 90 countries worldwide, with a global distribution second only to common carp. The contribution of tilapias to global aquaculture production has increased over the past three decades with production in 2002 exceeding 1.5 million tonnes with an estimated value of US$1.8 billion. The average annual growth rate in aquaculture and capture fisheries production of tilapias from 1970 to 2002 has been 13.2 percent and 3.5 percent, respectively. In the present context of development, success of a species is determined not only by its contribution to production per se, but also by its social, cultural, economic and environmental impacts. Although tilapia has been associated with adverse environmental impacts, detailed analysis of the literature suggested that other factors, such as overfishing, environmental degradation from land-based activities, and changes in hydrological regime have probably been more responsible for adverse impacts. It is clear that numerous factors working together can impact biodiversity. It is also clear that tilapias, as a group of alien species, have made a significant contribution to food production, poverty alleviation and livelihoods support in Asia and the Pacific. In spite of the wide-scale introduction into Asian waters, there is scant explicit evidence to indicate that tilapias have been overly destructive environmentally.

Trade and invasive species in the Caribbean : a universe of risk

This report represents the preliminary steps in the triage and identification of pathways of high risk in the Caribbean. Its objective is to suggest priority areas for international cooperation in the management of risk from invasive species introductions via trade-related pathways in the Caribbean.

Trinational Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species Test Cases for the Snakeheads (Channidae) and Armored Catfi shes ( Loricariidae) in North American Inland Waters. Commission for Environmental Cooperation, 2009.

This report covers guidelines in risk assessments and socioeconomic impacts and analyses of invasive aquatic species in Canada, Mexico and the United States. There are several case studies of armoured catfish included in the document. Also available in the appendices are: an organism risk assessment form, an inferential estimation of organism risk and pathway risk, and a glossary of relevant terms and definitions.

Tropical Asia invaded: the growing danger of invasive alien species.

Tropical Asia is a region of mostly developing and emerging economies, many of which are dependent on agricultural, forestry, fishery and aquacultural resources as well as on ecotourism for growth, development and economic prosperity. Tropical Asia also boasts four of the twelve megadiversity centres of the world. Thus, the issue and threat of invasive alien species are very real and significant as exemplified by cases such as the golden apple snail, oriental fruitfly, shrimp whitespot virus, water hyacinth, avian influenza virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) virus and many others. The publication of this book by the Global Invasive Species Program (GISP) is, therefore, very timely to further promote awareness, focus and action on this destructive scourge across a wide spectrum of communities in tropical Asia.

Turkey: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Turkey

Turning the tide : the eradication of invasive species, proceedings of the International conference on eradication of island invasives

This collection of 52 papers and 21 abstracts focuses on sharing available knowledge to combat the threat of invasive alien species. Turning the tide of biological invasion by eradicating invasive species can yield substantial benefits for biodiversity conservation. As more eradications are attempted worldwide, it is increasingly important that lessons are learned from each and every one of these attempts, whether successful or unsuccessful. This publication is intended to share with a wider audience the insights and practical experience gained.

UK Biodiversity Indicators (JNCC) - Pressure from invasive species

JNCC Indicator and charts for Trends in the extent of invasive species, based on species distribution data assembled and held by the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH) and Marine Biological Association (MBA) and supplemented by data from the National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Gateway.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on alien and invasive species in the UK

United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)- Bioenergy Issue Paper Series No 3: Gain or Pain Biofuels and Invasive Species

The document is part of a series of articles concerning the use of species with high invasive potential for biofuel production. Included are the invasive risks of biofuel crops, prevention and mitigation options, case studies and definitions, a list of relevant resources, as well as a guide for policy makers, investors and developers.

United Republic of Tanzania: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic report on invasive and alien species in Tanzania.

United States Department of Agriculture - Pest Tracker map

The Pest Tracker interactive map allows users to see where invasive species have been identified and what areas in the United States are at greatest risk, covering all 50 states. This can be used to find state-specific contact information and to report pests.

Uruguay: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Convention on Biological Diversity. Thematic rpeort on alien and invasive species in Uruguay

USDA National Invasive Species Information Centre (NISIC)

Gateway to invasive species information; covering Federal, State, local, and international sources.

USDA PLANTS database

The USDA PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. It includes native and non-native species, many images, and a variety of search tools.

Vertebrate pest decision support system - Pest Management and Landcare Research

This is a tool provided by Landcare Research to assist landowners or pest managers in implementing pest control strategies. The support system among several things will identify the most suitable management options, enable prioritisation for pest management options, and deliver best current practice for all methods in order to minimise risks and maximise the effectiveness of implemented strategies. Parties interested in pest management are required to fill in the details of several criteria, including: targeted location for management, climate and habitat, control options and costs and control history. The decision support system (DSS) aims to help New Zealanders, from novices to experts, select the most appropriate options for controlling vertebrate pests in a particular locality.

Using your answers to a series of questions about the control operation you want to undertake, the DSS systematically evaluates the potential constraints that may be operating in the area, and provides you with ‘best practice’ advice and other information about the recommended options. Presently the DSS covers five common pests - possum, ferret, feral cat, stoat and rat.

Vietnam: Thematic Report to CBD on Alien and Invasive Species

Thematic report on alien and invasive species in Vietnam

Vizzuality

A team building applications to deliver novel uses of data available through GBIF. A number of applications are presented. This includes the mapping tool mentioned above and a Protected Area Biodiversity too.

Voluntary Code of Conduct for Saint Lucia’s Ornamental Plant Sector

Report produced by the public and private partners attending the Ornamental Plants and Invasive Alien Species Workshop in Saint Lucia 2011 under the project: Mitigating the Threats of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean

Weed Herbarium

The site provides an online herbarium featuring a list of weed species. Each species entry consists of several images showing botanical characteristics of the plant in order to assist with identification. Taxonomical information is also included. Welcome to the UMass Extension Weed Herbarium! Weeds in the herbarium can be viewed by common name, scientific name, or plant family by using the menu tabs below. Images and notes to aid in identification are revealed by clicking on the weed name.

Weed Management Guide - African Boxthorn

This is a guide to managing the invasive weed, African Boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum). It includes important information such as the weed's identification, ecology, dispersal method, and suitable control techniques. Additionally, there is a distribution map and a case study.

Weed Management Guide - Bellyache Bush

This guide contains information on the plant's ecology, identification, distribution and method of dispersal, management and legislation. Included are a list of weed control contacts and a case study.

Weed Management Guide: Madeira Vine (Anredera cordifolia)

This is a guide to managing Madeira Vine. It contains information on the species' ecology, history and methods of spread, distribution, management strategies and control methods (including biocontrol), and legislation.

Weed Management Guiude: Opuntioid Cacti including Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species.

This is a guide to managing opuntioid cacti in Australia. It contains information on the species' ecology, history and methods of spread, distribution (with maps), control methods including biocontrol, legislation, identification, and case studies.

Weed Photo Gallery (University of California Integrated Pest Management Program)

The site provides a plant identification key in the form of an image gallery featuring the botanical characteristics of different groups of pest plants (broadleaf, sedges, aquatic plants etc.) in California, in order to assist with their identification and possible management. There is also a list of weeds, species profiles, and links to a weed identification tool. This key includes the most common weeds found in California lawns. Other species may occur but are not of major importance in turf. Because flowering parts are often mowed and not seen in turf, this key was developed using vegetative characteristics. Identifying weed species is essential for choosing appropriate management practices.

Weeds Australia

Users can perform keyword searches for weeds and weed management in Australia. Relevant documents in PDF or other formats will be shown. The site also provides links and information to national weed strategies, weed identification, a glossary of acronyms, a list of noxious weeds and other resources. This site has been created by the Australian Weeds Committee to promote access to key weed policies, regulations, current issues, national initiatives, research, extension, training and personnel. It is our hope that anyone involved in weed management will find this site useful and provide feedback and comment, so that it can be continually improved.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - African Boxthorn

This page provides a guide to identifying the African Boxthorn weed, declared as a weed of national significance in Australia. Photographs along with a distribution map of the plant are available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Asparagus Fern

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on asparagus fern (Asparagus scandens), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Bellyache Bush

This section of the asparagus weeds manual provides information on bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia), such as distribution, ecology, history of introduction, method of dispersal, legal status, control methods, and life cycle.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Bridal Veil

This page provides information on the identification of Bridal Veil (Asparagus declinatus). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Climbing Asparagus

This page provides information on the identification of climbing asparagus (Asparagus plumosus). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Ground Asparagus

This page provides information on identifying ground asparagus (Asparagus aethiopicus). A distribution map along with photographs are included.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Madeira Vine

This page provides identification information for Madeira vine (Anredera cordifolia). Also available are photographs, a current and potential distribution map as well as information on spread.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Ornamental Asparagus

This page provides information on the identification of ornamental asparagus (Asparagus africanus). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Western Cape form of Bridal Creeper

This page provides information on the identification of the Western Cape form of bridal creeper (Asparagus asparagoides). Photographs and a distribution map are also available.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - African Boxthorn

This page contains information and useful links to the identification, ecology, legislation, management and strategic plan of the African Boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum).

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Alligator Weed

This page provides information and useful links to the policy information, strategic plans, distribution map and management of alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) in Australia.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Asparagus weeds

This site provides information and usefull links to the identification, management and other information on asparagus weeds in Australia. This includes the species: Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus africanus, Asparagus asparagoides, Asparagus declinatus, Asparagus plumosus, and Asparagus scandens. Included in this site are links to identifying the different Asparagus species, a best practice manual, priority framework and a national strategic plan.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Athel Pine

This site provides extensive information on the spread, distribution and management of Athel Pine (Tamarix aphylla) in Australia. Included on this site are links to resources such as the national priority framework, a potential distribution map, a management map, a best practice management manual, a review of progress strategic plan, and links to other relevant documents and resources.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Bellyache Bush

This site provides extensive information and links to relevant resources for the management of bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) in Australia. It contains identification help, current and potential distribution maps, a management guide, a best practice management manual and a management map.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Bitou Bush / Boneseed

This page contains extensive information on the management of bitou bush /boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera). Information includes national priority action frameworks, management maps, management manuals, monitoring manuals, and national strategic plans.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Blackberry

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of blackberry (Rubus fruticosus agg.) in Australia. This includes funding priorities information, management and distribution maps, a control manual, a control brochure, a list of state contacts, and other resources e.g. national strategy plans.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Bridal Creeper

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of bridal creeper (Asparagus asparagoides) in Australia. This includes the national priority framework, management and distribution maps,a best practice management manual, and other resources e.g. national strategy plans.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Brooms

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of broom species (Cytisus scoparius, Genista monspessulana, Genista linifolia) in Australia. This includes strategic plans, identification aids, management and distribution maps, and a brooms weed management guide.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Cabomba

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of cabomba (Cabomba caroliniana) in Australia. This includes the national priority framework, a control manual, management and distribution maps, and national strategies

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Cat's Claw Creeper

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of cat's claw creeper (Dolichandra unguis-cati)) in Australia. This includes a plant identification resource and the national strategy (2012 - 2017).

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Chilean Needle Grass

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Chilean needle grass (Nassella neesiana)) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a best practice management manual, management and potential distribution maps, and national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Fireweed

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of fireweed (Senecio madagascariensis) in Australia. This includes a strategic plan, a best practice management manual,a national management guide, and a plant identification resource.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Gorse

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of gorse (Ulex europaeus) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, management and potential distribution maps, a best practice manual, and links to gorse national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Hymenachne

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Hymenachne (Hymenachne amplexicaulus) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, management and potential distribution maps, a national management manual, GIS data (shapefiles and metadata) and links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Lantana

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of lantana (Lantana camara) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, management and potential distribution maps, remote sensing maps, a best practice manual and decision support tool, national plans for lantana, contacts for the National Lantana Management Group and links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Madeira Vine

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Madeira vine (Anredera cordifolia) in Australia. This includes a plant identification resource, a weed management guide and a national strategy for the species.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Mesquite

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of mesquite (Prosopis spp.) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework for the species, national strategies, management and potential distribution maps, and a best practice management manual.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Mimosa

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of mimosa (Mimosa pigra) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework for the species, national strategies, management and potential distribution maps, a list of contacts across different states and a national management manual. There are also links to other relevant resources such as video footage, information sheets and information on biocontrol.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Opuntioid Cacti

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Opuntioid cacti (Opuntia spp., Cylindropuntia spp., Austrocylindroppuntia spp.) in Australia. This includes a national strategic plan, a weed management guide, and management and distribution maps as well as links to identification resources.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Parkinsonia

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a best practice management manual, and management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Parthenium

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a management manual, and management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Pond Apple

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of pond apple (Annona glabra) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a national management manual, a list of state contacts, and management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Prickly Acacia

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of prickly acacia (Acacia nilotica subsp. indica) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a best practice management manual, management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Rubber Vine

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of rubber vine (Cryptostegia grandiflora) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a management manual, management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Sagittaria

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Sagittaria (Sagittaria platyphylla) in Australia. This includes a plant identification resource and a link to download the national strategy.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Salvinia

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of Salvinia (Salvinia molesta) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, a control manual, management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Silverleaf Nightshade

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of silverleaf nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium) in Australia. This includes an identification resource and a management guide.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Water Hyacinth

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) in Australia. This includes an identification resource and a management guide as well as a national strategy.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance - Willows

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of willows (Salix spp.) in Australia. This includes a national priority action framework, research priorities and other resources, a management guide, management and distribution maps as well as links to national strategies.

Weeds Australia - Weeds of National Significance: Gamba Grass

This page provides information and links to useful resources on the management of gamba grass (Andropogon gayanus) in Australia. This includes a strategic plan, a weed management guide, and management and potential distribution maps.

Weeds of Mexico

The site provides fact sheets and photos for up to 700 weed species in Mexico, as well as comparative and illustrated tables to assist with plant identification. The site aims to help both botanists and non-botanists identify Mexican plants of disturbed places (i.e. weeds) and to find information about them.

West Indian Breeding Seabird Atlas

The atlas tracks reports of breeding by seabirds in the West Indies and Caribbean region and is largely a species list and biological database, The Site Also Publishes “Caribbean Seabird Initiative: Invasives” Newsletter which is focused on restoring seabird breeding sites in the Caribbean by removing invasive species.
The information presented here was in part generated by the Seabird Working Group of the Society for the Conservation and Study of Caribbean Birds and the More than 85 naturalists and professional scientists who have contributed to date.

What is This Bug

This site covers the USA but focuses on the state of California, it links to the USDA Pest Tracker Map to see where invasive species have been identified and what areas in the United States are at greatest risk and allows addition of data via the "Report a Pest" Online system and the "Report a Pest" Mobile App.

Willows National Management Guide

Guide to managing the spread and impacts of invasive willows.

Willows: Documents and resources

Links to relevant resources on the management of willows e.g. weed risk assessment, management priorities, management guides etc.

World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID)

World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) Interface Providing access to all data held within OIE's new World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). A comprehensive range of information is available including diseases caused by invasive alien pathogens.

WTO/STDF - How to notify re SPS measures, including invasives

Information on how to notify SPS measures, including those related to IAS, is available here.

WTO/STDF - Sanitary and Phytosanitary gateway

Since the SPS Agreement applies to most (if not all) trade-related measures taken to regulate IAS, this could be useful, although it is general and not specifically focused on IAS.

WTO/STDF - SPS Agreement training on WTO's E-Learning site

An online course on the SPS Agreement is available on the WTO's E-Learning site. This also covers the SPS Agreement's provisions on risk assessment.

WTO/STDF - SPS Information Management System (SPS IMS)

The SPS Information Management System (SPS IMS) is a database that allows searching for SPS-related information available at the WTO, including general documents for example on country's pest- or disease situations, notifications of trade measures, and specific trade concerns raised in the SPS Committee.

WTO/STDF - Standards and Trade Development Facility homepage

The Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF) is a global partnership that supports developing countries in building their capacity to implement international sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards, guidelines and recommendations as a means to improve their human, animal and plant health status and ability to gain or maintain access to markets.

Young T., R. (2006). National and Regional Legislation for Promotion and Support to the Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Invasive Species. Biodiversity series, Paper No 108. 98 pp. Published by The World Bank Environment Department (2006).

The publication addresses different aspects of the invasive alien species issue, but has a lot of content relating to prevention. Part I provides a conceptual and scientific summary and introduction, and Part II provides a very brief overview of some of the key global developments in the field, while Part III examines in greater detail the legislative tools available for use in the control of species introduction, and invasive species. Part IV discusses some of the special concerns relating to the process of building one, or more legislative frameworks utilizing the legislative tools described in Part III, and, provides, in some cases, a brief identification of how the selection and use of those tools might differ within the developing country context.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith